WoRMS source details

Holtmann, S.E.; Groenewold, A.; Schrader, K.H.M.; Asjes, J.; Craeymeersch, J.A.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; van Bostelen, A.J.; van der Meer, J. (1996). Atlas of the zoobenthos of the Dutch continental shelf. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management: Rijswijk, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-369-4301-9. 243 pp.
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Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Amphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Anaitides groenlandica (Örsted, 1842) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Anaitides mucosa (Örsted, 1843) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Arctica islandica (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Aricidea minuta Southward, 1956 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Atylus falcatus Metzger, 1871 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Atylus swammerdamei (H. Milne Edwards, 1830) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Bathyporeia elegans Watkin, 1938 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Bathyporeia guilliamsoniana (Spence Bate, 1857) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Bathyporeia tenuipes Meinert, 1877 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Callianassa subterranea (Montagu, 1808) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Chaetozone setosa Malmgren, 1867 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Chamelea striatula (da Costa, 1778) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Diastylis bradyi Norman, 1879 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Glycera rouxii Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Harmothoe longisetis (Grube, 1863) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Harmothoe lunulata (Delle Chiaje, 1830) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Harpinia antennaria Meinert, 1890 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Hippomedon denticulatus (Spence Bate, 1857) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Lumbrineris latreilli Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1834 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Lunatia alderi (Forbes, 1838) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Magelona papillicornis McIntosh, 1878 non F. Müller, 1858 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Megaluropus agilis Hoek, 1889 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Montacuta ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys longosetosa Örsted, 1842 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nereis longissima Johnston, 1840 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Notomastus latericeus Sars, 1851 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophelia borealis Quatrefages, 1866 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiura texturata Lamarck, 1816 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Perioculodes longimanus (Spence Bate & Westwood, 1868) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Pontocrates altamarinus (Spence Bate & Westwood, 1862) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Pseudocuma longicornis (Bate) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Scolelepis bonnieri (Mesnil, 1896) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Sigalion mathildae Audouin & Milne Edwards in Cuvier, 1830 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Spiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Spisula elliptica (Brown, 1827) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Sthenelais limicola (Ehlers, 1864) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Tellina fabula Gmelin, 1791 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Travisia forbesii Johnston, 1840 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Urothoe brevicornis Spence Bate, 1862 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Urothoe poseidonis Reibish, 1905 
Dutch draadarmige slangster for Amphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Dutch driehoekige parelmoerneut for Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930
Dutch dwergmosseltje [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
Dutch elliptische strandschelp for Spisula elliptica (Brown, 1827)
Dutch gekroesde zeerups for Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766)
Dutch gemshoornworm [from synonym] for Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806)
Dutch glanzende parelmoerneut for Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930
Dutch goudkammetje for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
Dutch groengele wadworm for Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780)
Dutch halfgeknotte strandschelp for Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
Dutch hartegel for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
Dutch kamkielworm for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
Dutch kleine slangster for Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839
Dutch noordkromp for Arctica islandica (Linnaeus, 1767)
Dutch ovale strandschelp for Spisula elliptica (Brown, 1827)
Dutch ovale zeeklitschelp [from synonym] for Montacuta ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808)
Dutch perkamentworm for Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804)
Dutch schelpkokerworm for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)
Dutch tere platschelp [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
Dutch tweetandmosseltje [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
Dutch tweetandschelp [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
Dutch wapenworm for Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776)
Dutch zaagje for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
Dutch zeeklitmosseltje [from synonym] for Montacuta ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808)
English Baltic tellin [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
English banded wedge-shell for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
English common necklace shell [from synonym] for Polinices (Lunatia) alderi (Forbes, 1838)
English cut trough shell for Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
English elliptic trough shell for Spisula elliptica (Brown, 1827)
English green urchin for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)
English heart-urchin for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
English sand mason for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)
English sea-potato for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
English striped venus for Chamelea striatula (da Costa, 1778)
English thin tellin [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
English trumpet worm for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
English white furrow shell for Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
German Baltische Tellmuschel [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
German bewehrter Pfahlwurm for Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776)
German Blindwurm for Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780)
German Bohnen-Plattmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina fabula Gmelin, 1791
German dünne Plattmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
German elliptische Trogmuschel for Spisula elliptica (Brown, 1827)
German gebänderte Dreiecksmuschel for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
German gebänderte Sägemuschel for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
German gedrungene Trogmuschel for Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
German gerippte Tellmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina fabula Gmelin, 1791
German gestreifte Venusmuschel for Chamelea striatula (da Costa, 1778)
German glänzende Nabelschnekke [from synonym] for Polinices (Lunatia) alderi (Forbes, 1838)
German glänzende Nußmuschel for Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930
German kleine Linsenmuschel [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
German kleine Pfeffermuschel for Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
German kleiner Herzigel for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
German Köcherwurm for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
German Muschelsammlerin for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)
German Pergamentwurm for Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804)
German platte Tellmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
German Plattmuschel [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
German rostrote Mondmuschel [from synonym] for Montacuta ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808)
German rote Bohne [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
German spindelförmige Owenie for Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844
German weiße Pfeffermuschel for Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
German Zwergseeigel for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)
 Biology

A. alba and Tellina fabula are two species occupying the same feeding niche since both can feed on deposit as well ... [details]

 Biology

Bathyporeia spp. show two types of movement, swimming and burrowing, that may follow each other up in rapid ... [details]

 Biology

Bathyporeia spp. show two types of rnovement, swimming and burrowing, that may follow each other up in rapid ... [details]

 Biology

E. pusillus has separate sexes and fertilization takes place externally. The breeding season is in the summer ... [details]

 Biology

E. sanguinea breeds in early summer and has planktonic larvae. In the estuarine Delta area juvenile benthic stages ... [details]

 Biology

H. denticulatus buries itself in soft sediments with great dexterity (Lincoln, 1979; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

 Biology

L. latreilli probably has a non-pelagic development. Because of its jaws L. latreilli is recorded as a predator ... [details]

 Biology

M. balthica has separate sexes. The main breeding period lies between February and May, with a second spawning in ... [details]

 Biology

N. longosetosa breeds from January to early spring and seems to have planktonic larvae. The species is a ... [details]

 Biology

O. albida has separate sexes, external fertilization and pelagic larvae. The maximum age is estimated at 3 years. ... [details]

 Biology

P. pulchellus is a predator. It attacks its prey, mainly bivalve molluscs, in the sediment, breaking through the ... [details]

 Biology

S. filicornis probably spawns in autumn or winter, releasing large eggs. Planktonic larvae are found from February ... [details]

 Biology

T. forbesii spawns from November to February. Eggs and larvae are non-pelagic. It is generaily considered to be a ... [details]

 Biology

U. brevicornis shows two types of movement, swimming and burrowing into the sediment (Watkin, 1939a). U. ... [details]

 Biology

U. poseidonis shows two types of movement, swimming and burrowing into the sediment (Watkin, 1939a). Little is ... [details]

 Biology

Because it has been confused with S. subtruncata for a long time, little is known about the reproduction of S. ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding occurs during the summer months. D. vittatus probably has pelagic larvae. When growth is rapid, it lives ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding occurs during the summer months. The eggs are incubated on the gills of the adults. When released, the ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding occurs from March to May. The eggs are deposited in a cocoon. In the Delta area the pelagic larvae are ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding occurs in March and August. The species presumably has planktonic larvae.

Analyses of its gut contents ...

 [details]

 Biology

Breeding occurs in summer. The pelagic larvae are sometimes found in enormous quantities and likewise the young can ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding probably takes place in spring (March-June) and the larvae develop in the water column. The species spawns ... [details]

 Biology

Callianassa shrimps are burrowing, deposit-feeding crustaceans that live in complex burrow systems. These burrows ... [details]

 Biology

Females with ripe eggs have been observed in spring and summer. The planktonic larvae occur in waters with a ... [details]

 Biology

Generally, breeding behaviour of infaunal amphipods like P. altamarinus is influenced by location. In deeper waters ... [details]

 Biology

In spite of its common occurrence there is little information available on its life history or behaviour. S. ... [details]

 Biology

Main spawning period is short, viz. from June to July. The larvae remain in the plankton for at least four weeks. ... [details]

 Biology

No information on this species' reproduction is availabie. S. mathildae lives 15 to 20 cm beneath the surface of ... [details]

 Biology

Pelagic larvae have been found in December, February and April, whereas settling has been observed in ... [details]

 Biology

Polynoids, Harmothoe species included, are considered carnivores, feeding on a variety of small infaunal and ... [details]

 Biology

Reproduction and larval development take place in spring and early summer. The species has a long pelagic stage. ... [details]

 Biology

Reproduction takes place in spring and summer. The species has planktonic larvae. P. minuta is considered to be an ... [details]

 Biology

Sexually ripe specimens have been observed in April and May. Most probably the larvae have a planktonic ... [details]

 Biology

Spawning occurs between October and January. Mature females usually have less than 100 ova, which suggests a non- ... [details]

 Biology

Spawning occurs in June-August. T. tenuis most probably has a pelagic larval stage. Longevity is reported to be ... [details]

 Biology

The larvae occur in the plankton frorn June-July to September- November, often in large quantities. The planktonic ... [details]

 Biology

The larvae of [Either M. mirabilis or M. johnstoni]occur in the plankton of the North Sea from April-May to August ... [details]

 Biology

The larvae of A. filiformis are found throughout the summer from July to October. A. filiformis belongs to the ... [details]

 Biology

The larvae of this species have been recorded from March to July, with highest numbers in May-July. Fertilization ... [details]

 Biology

The majority of cumacean species in temperate shallow waters probably lives for a year or less and breeds twice ... [details]

 Biology

The planktonic larvae of S. bombyx have been observed in the period April-December, with maximal nurnbers in ... [details]

 Biology

The production of a large number of small-sized eggs suggests that A. alba has a larval development with a long ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years. Generally, the females breed ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate. No breeding is observed below water temperatures of 5 °C. Breeding occurs in early spring ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and breeding occurs in spring and summer. The larvae have a long planktonic life, lasting ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and breeding occurs in the period between spring and summer. The species has pelagic larvae. ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years in the periods April-May and ... [details]

 Biology

The species deposits its eggs in green gelatinous cocoons at the surface of mud flats and probably also on the ... [details]

 Biology

The species has separate sexes and breeding occurs from March to September. It has a planktonic veliger larva. ... [details]

 Biology

The time of spawning varies greatly in different areas. Females with ripe eggs have been observed from May until ... [details]

 Biology

This amphipod burrows in the superficial layer of the sediment. Generally, breeding behaviour of infaunal amphipods ... [details]

 Biology

This species probably spawns in winter and early spring. The pelagic larval stage seems to last fairly long. S. ... [details]

 Distribution

Highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands. lt is found in lower numbers on the Brown Bank, at the ... [details]

 Distribution

[Either M. mirabilis or M. johnstoni, long wrongly represented as]M. papillicornis occurs in almost the entire ... [details]

 Distribution

A. falcatus is frequently found along the Dutch coast from the Voordelta to the Wadden islands and, in lower ... [details]

 Distribution

A. filiformis is very abundant in the area of the Oyster Ground, north of the 30 m isobath, with the highest ... [details]

 Distribution

A. mucosa occurs near the Dutch coast, from the Voordelta in the south to the Dutch Wadden islands in the north, ... [details]

 Distribution

A. swarnmerdami is found in the shallower part of the Dutch continental shelf. Both A. swarnmerdami and A. falcatus ... [details]

 Distribution

B. elegans is one of the most common macrobenthic species on the Dutch Continental Shelf and the most abundant ... [details]

 Distribution

D. vittatus is found exclusively in the southern part of the North Sea, at depths of less than 30 m. It furthermore ... [details]

 Distribution

E. sanguinea has a patchy distribution in the sandy sediments of the Dutch Continental Shelf. lt is furthermore ... [details]

 Distribution

H. denticulatus is found throughout the area at depths of over 20 m. This amphipod is most abundant at the Cleaver ... [details]

 Distribution

L. conchilega is widely distributed in the area, i.e. from the tidal estuaries to the Dogger Bank in the north. ... [details]

 Distribution

L. latreilli is very numerous in the Frisian Front area. The species also occurs in the south-western part of the ... [details]

 Distribution

M. balthica occurs from the upper part of the intertidal down to the shallow subtidal zone. In the study area it is ... [details]

 Distribution

M. bidentata is very abundant at the Oyster Ground, where high densities of A. filiformis (q.v.) occur, but is also ... [details]

 Distribution

M. ferruginosa occurs in the North Sea proper and in the Oosterschelde. The species is particularly abundant along ... [details]

 Distribution

N. caeca occurs in small numbers in a broad region parallel to the coast. lt is even more scarce in the offshore ... [details]

 Distribution

N. cirrosa is a dominant species in the Southern Bight with high densities at the Brown Bank and near the coast. lt ... [details]

 Distribution

N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the ... [details]

 Distribution

O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the ... [details]

 Distribution

O. limacina is found in the Southern Bight, its distribution extending into the marine and central part of the ... [details]

 Distribution

P. altamarinus can be observed most frequently in the area south of the 30 m isobath and is locally very common ... [details]

 Distribution

P. longimanus is widespread and is frequently recorded from the subtidal in the Delta area down to depths of about ... [details]

 Distribution

P. pulchellus occurs in the whole area, but is relatively abundant along the coast and south of the Frisian Front, ... [details]

 Distribution

S. armiger occurs in almost the entire area, except for the central part of the Oyster Ground. The polychaete is ... [details]

 Distribution

S. bombyx is found at almost 50% of all stations sampled. Locally, i.e. to the west and north of the Wadden islands ... [details]

 Distribution

S. elliptica has only been found at some locations south of 54'N in the Southern Bight and shows a marked ... [details]

 Distribution

S. mathildae is most abundant at the Dogger Bank and in a broad zone south of the Frisian Front. The species is ... [details]

 Distribution

S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and ... [details]

 Distribution

T. tenuis does not occur in the offshore parts of the North Sea, but is restricted to a narrow zone along the ... [details]

 Distribution

U. brevicornis is a common inhabitant of the offshore part of the Southern Bight and is found in high densities at ... [details]

 Distribution

A widespread species occurring in the subtidal zone of the western Wadden Sea, the Southern Bight, part of the ... [details]

 Distribution

Iin the studied area B. guilliamsoniana is very abundant in the area of the Southern Bight, north of the Wadden ... [details]

 Distribution

In the investigated area A. alba is very abundant in the south-eastern part of the Oyster Ground and the Frisian ... [details]

 Distribution

In the studied area U. poseidonis is much more common than U. brevicornis. The species is very abundant in the ... [details]

 Distribution

It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the south-western part of the Southern Bight. The species is absent from ... [details]

 Distribution

On the Dutch Continental Shelf, A. minuta is most frequent in the sandy sediments of the Southern Bight. lt ... [details]

 Distribution

The distribution of T. forbesii comprises the subtidal zone in the western Wadden Sea, the Southern Bight and sorne ... [details]

 Distribution

The distribution of O. bradyi in the Dutch part of the North Sea is very patchy. Highest densities are found in the ... [details]

 Distribution

The distribution of P. minuta in the area comprises the brackish waters of the Delta area and the Wadden Sea, the ... [details]

 Distribution

The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are ... [details]

 Distribution

The species is common near the coast, in the Wadden Sea and almost the entire Delta area, with high densities in ... [details]

 Distribution

The species occurs in the subtidal zone of the western Wadden Sea, in the shallow waters along the coast and in the ... [details]

 Distribution

The species shows clear patches with high densities in the South-eastern part of the Oyster Ground, north of the ... [details]

 Distribution

This cosmopolitan echinoderrn was found in about half of all samples. The species is very abundant north of the ... [details]

 Distribution

This species is quite common at the Oyster Ground. N. latericeus also occurs at a few locations in the ... [details]

 Distribution

This species is very abundant at the Oyster Ground, where it forms a substantial part of the infaunal biomass. G. ... [details]

 Habitat

A. groenlandica lives in fine to coarse sediment with a low content of mud. lt is sometimes found in empty tubes of ... [details]

 Habitat

A. minuta lives in fine and muddy sands mixed with shell fragrnents (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]