WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSigalion mathildae Audouin & Milne Edwards in Cuvier, 1830

131072 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131072)
accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1832). Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris. Sér. 1, 27: 337-447., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29379#page/341/mode/1up [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype  MNHN , locality Chausey Isles (France,...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype MNHN , locality Chausey Isles (France, Atlantic Ocean) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A bristle worm with a sturdy, elongate body...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A bristle worm with a sturdy, elongate body with numerous segments and a maximum length of 150
mm. The worm is dorsally covered with soft scales (elytra) whose outer edges feature a characteristic fringe consisting of pinnate papillae. The head bears three minute antennae (two lateral ones and one in the middle) and two pairs of small eyes. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. mathildae is most abundant at the Dogger...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. mathildae is most abundant at the Dogger Bank and in a broad zone south of the Frisian Front. The species is absent from the central Oyster Ground and from the Southern Bight, except for occasional finds near the coast. S. mathildae is neither present in the Wadden Sea, whereas in the Delta area it occurs only in low numbers in the marine part of the Oosterschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution of Sigalion mathildae was in...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution of Sigalion mathildae was in both periods more or less limited to the western coastal zone, where densities up to 20 (1976-1986 period) and 200 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period) were observed. [details]
Fauchald, K.; Bellan, G. (2008). Sigalion mathildae. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131072 on 2017-11-22

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-01-25 09:20:00Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1832). Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris. Sér. 1, 27: 337-447., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29379#page/341/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSigalion carringtonii Carrington, 1865) Carrington, B. 1865. On the chaetopod annelids of the Southport sands. Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophical Society of, Manchester, 1865: 176-188. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1900. A monograph of British Annelids. vol.1. pt.2. Polychaeta Amphinomidae to Sigalionidae. Ray Society of London, 1(l2): 215-442., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118768#page/11/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSigalion carringtonii Carrington, 1865) McIntosh, W.C. 1900. A monograph of British Annelids. vol.1. pt.2. Polychaeta Amphinomidae to Sigalionidae. Ray Society of London, 1(l2): 215-442., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118768#page/11/mode/1up [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Census of Marine Life (2012). SYNDEEP: Towards a first global synthesis of biodiversity, biogeography and ecosystem function in the deep sea. Unpublished data (datasetID: 38), available online at http://www.comlsecretariat.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/SYNDEEP-Towards-a-first-global-synthesis-of-biodiversity-biogeography-and-ecosystem-function-in-the-deep-sea-Eva-Ramirez-Llodra-et-al..pdf [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype MNHN , locality Chausey Isles (France, Atlantic Ocean) [details]
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology No information on this species' reproduction is availabie. S. mathildae lives 15 to 20 cm beneath the surface of the sediment. The sigalionids are generally considered active, free- living carnivores, feeding on a variety of small invertebrates. Specific information about S. mathildae is lacking (Fauchald & Jurnars, 1979; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A bristle worm with a sturdy, elongate body with numerous segments and a maximum length of 150
mm. The worm is dorsally covered with soft scales (elytra) whose outer edges feature a characteristic fringe consisting of pinnate papillae. The head bears three minute antennae (two lateral ones and one in the middle) and two pairs of small eyes. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. mathildae is most abundant at the Dogger Bank and in a broad zone south of the Frisian Front. The species is absent from the central Oyster Ground and from the Southern Bight, except for occasional finds near the coast. S. mathildae is neither present in the Wadden Sea, whereas in the Delta area it occurs only in low numbers in the marine part of the Oosterschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution of Sigalion mathildae was in both periods more or less limited to the western coastal zone, where densities up to 20 (1976-1986 period) and 200 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period) were observed. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The species is most frequently found in fine to very fine sand with little or no mud. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Sigalion mathildae prefers a very specifically defined sediment type characterised by fine-grained sediments (median grain size 150 to 250 μm) and the presence of a low mud content (maximum 20%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology S. mathildae has a long, robust body with a maximum length of 100 mm and about 200 segments. The body is dorsally covered by soft scales (elytra) of which the outer edges have a characteristic fringe of pinnate papillae. The head bears a pair of minute lateral antennae and four small eyes. The body segments have prominent bilobed parapodia with complex chaetae. The first segment is directed alongside the head and has additional finger-like cirri. Two big palps project forwards from underneath the first segment. The worm is greyish white in colour, with an iridescent underside and a prominent red mid-ventral blood vessel (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

Feeding Type
carnivore [details]