WoRMS taxon details

Spisula elliptica (Brown, 1827)

140300  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140300)

accepted
Species
marine
Brown, T. (1827). Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland. Drawn from nature. W.H. Lizars and D. Lizars, Edinburgh and S. Highley, London. 144 pp., 52 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127868 [details]   
Distribution S. elliptica has only been found at some locations south of 54'N in the Southern Bight and shows a marked concentration in...  
Distribution S. elliptica has only been found at some locations south of 54'N in the Southern Bight and shows a marked concentration in big patches. The species is not present in the brackish waters. While the closely resembling species S. subtruncata is more common near the shore, S. elliptica also lives in more offshore parts. This distribution pattern has also been reported in an earlier investigation in 1964 (Eisma, 1966). [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Spisula elliptica (Brown, 1827). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140300 on 2018-09-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Brown, T. (1827). Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland. Drawn from nature. W.H. Lizars and D. Lizars, Edinburgh and S. Highley, London. 144 pp., 52 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127868 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra elliptica T. Brown, 1827) Brown, T. (1827). Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland. Drawn from nature. W.H. Lizars and D. Lizars, Edinburgh and S. Highley, London. 144 pp., 52 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127868 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology Because it has been confused with S. subtruncata for a long time, little is known about the reproduction of S. elliptica. lt has a planktonic larval development and is a suspension feeder (Wolff, 1973). [details]

Distribution S. elliptica has only been found at some locations south of 54'N in the Southern Bight and shows a marked concentration in big patches. The species is not present in the brackish waters. While the closely resembling species S. subtruncata is more common near the shore, S. elliptica also lives in more offshore parts. This distribution pattern has also been reported in an earlier investigation in 1964 (Eisma, 1966). [details]

Habitat S. elliptica occurs in various types of sediment, viz. gravel, medium to fine sand and muddy sand (Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Morphology S. elliptica has a thick and strong shell, subtriangular but distinctly asymmetrical in outline. large specimens reach up to 32 mm in length. The sculpture consists of fine concentric lines and grooves. The growth stages are clear. The shell is dirty white to cream in colour, with a glossy, white inner surface (Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish elliptisk trugmusling  [details]
Dutch ovale strandschelpelliptische strandschelp  [details]
English elliptic trough shell  [details]
French spisule  [details]
German kleine Trogmuschelelliptische Trogmuschel  [details]