WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)

131495

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131495

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis conchilega Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P.S. (1766) Miscellanea zoologica. Quibus novae imprimis atque obscurae animalium species describuntur et observationibus iconibusque illustrantur. Petrum van Cleef. Hagí Comitum., xii + 224 pp.;14 pls., available online at https://archive.org/details/pspallasmedicina00pall [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A tube-living bristle worm whose body consists...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A tube-living bristle worm whose body consists of two parts: a swollen anterior end with a reduced
head and specially formed segments and a narrowed posterior end. The head has numerous active
feeding tentacles. Three pairs of bright-red gills are present on the first three segments behind the
head. Measures up to 300 mm long. The tube consists of medium-sized to large sand grains with a
characteristic fan shape at the top. Several tubes together can form so-called ‘sand reefs’. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Lanice conchilega is widely distributed on the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Lanice conchilega is widely distributed on the Belgian part of the North Sea. However, the frequency of occurrence was the highest in the near-coastal zone in both periods. Whereas the species occurred along the entire coast in the 1976-1986 period, Lanice conchilega appeared to be practically absent in the eastern coastal zone in the 1994-2001 period. In both periods densities up to 1,000s ind./m2 were observed with a maximum density of about 10,000 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution L. conchilega is widely distributed in the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution L. conchilega is widely distributed in the area, i.e. from the tidal estuaries to the Dogger Bank in the north. Locally it is found with extremely large numbers (over 3000 ind./m²). The highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands, from Terschelling to the eastern boundary of the Dutch sector of the North Sea. When living in dense patches, the species can form an important part of the total biomass of an area. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2012). Lanice conchilega. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131495 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-02-07 02:10:40Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis conchilega Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P.S. (1766) Miscellanea zoologica. Quibus novae imprimis atque obscurae animalium species describuntur et observationibus iconibusque illustrantur. Petrum van Cleef. Hagí Comitum., xii + 224 pp.;14 pls., available online at https://archive.org/details/pspallasmedicina00pall [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite flexuosa Delle Chiaje, 1828) delle Chiaje, Stefano. (1828). [POLYCHAETA context, Vol.3] Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del Regno di Napoli. Volume 3. 1-232. Stamperia della Societa' Tipografica. Napoli. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40491 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite tondi Delle Chiaje, 1828) delle Chiaje, Stefano. (1828). [POLYCHAETA context, Vol.3] Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del Regno di Napoli. Volume 3. 1-232. Stamperia della Societa' Tipografica. Napoli. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40491 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella artifex Sars, 1863) Sars, M. (1863). Geologiske og zoologiske Iagttabelse, anstillede paa en Reise i en Deelaf Trondhjems Stift i Sommerren 1862. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, Christiania, 12(3): 253-340. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella pectoralis Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella littoralis seu arenaria Dalyell, 1853) Dalyell, John Graham. (1853). The Powers of the Creator displayed in the Creation: or, observations on life amidst the various forms of the humbler tribes of animated nature with practical comments and illustrations. volume 2 [Vermes, etc] pp.359. John van Voorst. London., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18804951 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella prudens Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorWartelia gonotheca Giard, 1878) Giard, A. 1878. Sur les Wartelia, genre nouveau d'Annélides, considérés à tort comme de embryons de Térébelles. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Science, Paris, 86: 1147-1149. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauvel, Pierre. (1909). Deuxième note préliminaire sur les polychètes provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice, ou déposées dans la Musée Océanographique de Monaco. Bulletin de l'Institute Océanographique de Monaco. 142: 1-76., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46491917 [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A. J. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(1): 51-110., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/61/mode/1up [details]   

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1923. A monograph of the British marine annelids. Polychaeta, Sabellidae to Serpulidae. With additions to the British marine Polychaeta during the publication of the monograph. Ray Society of London, 4(2): 251-538. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hessle, C. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 5: 39-258, plates I-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/120026#page/51/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Holtmann, S.E.; Groenewold, A.; Schrader, K.H.M.; Asjes, J.; Craeymeersch, J.A.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; van Bostelen, A.J.; van der Meer, J. (1996). Atlas of the zoobenthos of the Dutch continental shelf. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management: Rijswijk, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-369-4301-9. 243 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Hilbig, Brigitte 2000. Family Terebellidae Grube, 1851. pages 231-294. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul Valentich. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 7 - The Annelida Part 4. Polychaeta: Fabelligeridae to Sternaspidae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis conchilega Pallas, 1766) Malmgren, A. J. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(1): 51-110., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/61/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite tondi Delle Chiaje, 1828) McIntosh, W.C. 1923. A monograph of the British marine annelids. Polychaeta, Sabellidae to Serpulidae. With additions to the British marine Polychaeta during the publication of the monograph. Ray Society of London, 4(2): 251-538. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella artifex Sars, 1863) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite flexuosa Delle Chiaje, 1828) Fauvel, Pierre. (1909). Deuxième note préliminaire sur les polychètes provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice, ou déposées dans la Musée Océanographique de Monaco. Bulletin de l'Institute Océanographique de Monaco. 142: 1-76., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46491917 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis conchilega Pallas, 1766) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis conchilega Pallas, 1766) Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorWartelia gonotheca Giard, 1878) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella littoralis seu arenaria Dalyell, 1853) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella prudens Quatrefages, 1866) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella pectoralis Quatrefages, 1866) Hessle, C. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 5: 39-258, plates I-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/120026#page/51/mode/1up [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) BU. (2013). Provision of services for field sampling, species identification and data analysis of benthic faunal communities of Hong Kong marin waters. Final report submitted to EPD. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAdditional information The L. conchilega reefs can be visualised using advanced remote sensing techniques, see Degraer et al (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAdditional information The impact of bottom fisheries on the Lanice-reefs has been quantified in Rabaut et al. (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBiology The sexes are separate and breeding occurs in spring and summer. The larvae have a long planktonic life, lasting about two months, and have been found in the period between April and August.


This polychacte lives in its straight tube that protrudes several centimetres from the sediment. The long tentacles are extended from the top for collecting particles. During collecting they are supported by fringe-like extensions of the tube. In case of danger L. conchilega quickly retracts in the tube. When damaged or covered by sediment, the animal rebuilds or extends its tube. This enables L. conchilega to survive in unstable deposits or areas with strong sedimentation. L. conchilega is a selective deposit feeder, ingesting foraminiferans, ciliates, copepods, algae and faeces of echinoderms and molluscs. Laboratory experiments revealed that filter feeding also plays a very important role in its nutrition.


High population densities of L. conchilega are attributed to the combination of periodically high concentrations of suspended matter and the ability to utilize different food sources.


L. conchilega is sensitive to low temperatures and therefore shows low densities in the area of the Wadden Sea after cold winters. [details]


Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology The importance of L. conchilega for juvenile flatfishes was described in Vanaverbeke et al (2009). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology In intertidal areas, the tube patches are known to have consequences for the distribution and abundance of infaunal species by influencing the habitat structure, see Callaway ( 2006), Carey (1987), Feral (1989), Zuhlke (2001), Zuhlke et al. (1998). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology The influence on faunal abundance, species richness and species composition has been proved based on a long-term dataset, see Rabaut et al (2007), Van Hoey et al (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology Recently, scientific evidence showed that L. conchilega qualifies as reef builder under the definition of the Habitats Directive. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology For more information on hydrodynamic influences of L. lanice, see Dittmann (1999), Eckman (1983), Heuers et al (1983). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorImportance The species can be used as a proxy in the management of marine resources and the conservation of marine biodiversity, see Rabaut et al (in press), Rabaut et al (2009) and Rabaut et al (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMorphology For more information on the physiology and tube structure see Jones and Jago (1993) and Ziegelmeier (1952). [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A tube-living bristle worm whose body consists of two parts: a swollen anterior end with a reduced
head and specially formed segments and a narrowed posterior end. The head has numerous active
feeding tentacles. Three pairs of bright-red gills are present on the first three segments behind the
head. Measures up to 300 mm long. The tube consists of medium-sized to large sand grains with a
characteristic fan shape at the top. Several tubes together can form so-called ‘sand reefs’. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Lanice conchilega is widely distributed on the Belgian part of the North Sea. However, the frequency of occurrence was the highest in the near-coastal zone in both periods. Whereas the species occurred along the entire coast in the 1976-1986 period, Lanice conchilega appeared to be practically absent in the eastern coastal zone in the 1994-2001 period. In both periods densities up to 1,000s ind./m2 were observed with a maximum density of about 10,000 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution L. conchilega is widely distributed in the area, i.e. from the tidal estuaries to the Dogger Bank in the north. Locally it is found with extremely large numbers (over 3000 ind./m²). The highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands, from Terschelling to the eastern boundary of the Dutch sector of the North Sea. When living in dense patches, the species can form an important part of the total biomass of an area. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Lanice conchilega is found in various sediments but displays a preference for fine to medium-grained sediments (100 to 500 μm) with a relatively high mud content (10 to 40%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat L. conchilega mainly lives in mixed sand bottoms and rarely in muddy bottoms. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology L. conchilega has an elongated body, consisting of two regions. The swollen front region has hair-like as well as hooked chaetae; the long, slender tail region only hooked ones. The species can reach a length of up to 150 mm with up to 300 segments. The head bears a dense tuft of long, thin tentacles. The first segment projects forwards, forming two lobes at both sides of the head. The next three segments carry branched gills. The worm is yellowish, pink or brown coloured with blood-red gills and white tentacles. L. conchilega builds a characteristic tube, consisting of cemented sand grains and shell fragments and with a typical fringe at the top end (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Holthe, 1986; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
LanguageName 
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcuc paletaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcuc constructor de sorra  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandkokerwormUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorschelpkokerworm  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand mason wormUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand mason  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormacaroniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlanice  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSandröhrenwurmUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMuschelsammlerinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBäumchenröhrenwurm  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgusano albañil  [details]