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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax vittatus (da Costa, 1778) 
AphiaID: 139604

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellinoidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonacidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax Linnaeus, 1758
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCuneus vittatus da Costa, 1778
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax anatinus Lamarck, 1818 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax atlanticus Hidalgo, 1867 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax ruber Turton, 1822 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax trunculus var. fulva Pallary, 1938 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax vittatus var. lactea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1913 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax vittatus var. magna Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1895 (synonym)
Sources  original description Da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson XII + 254 + VIII p., 17 pl: , available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkilemusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzaagje  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbanded wedge-shell  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorolive de merUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorflion  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSägezähnchenUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgebänderte SägemuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgebänderte Dreiecksmuschel  [details]
Direct child
taxa (2)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax vittatus var. lactea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax vittatus var. magna Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1895 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDonax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWenduine [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGoote Bank [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Norway [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Africa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Africa [details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (147 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (4 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Bivalves of the British Isles webpage at National Museum of Wales 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Breeding occurs during the summer months. D. vittatus probably has pelagic larvae. When growth is rapid, it lives for two to three years. Otherwise, the life span may be up to seven years.


D. vittatus lives just below the sediment surface and is often dislodged by wave action. lts large, powerful foot enables it to reburrow immediately and so reduce the danger of predation (Fish & Fish, 1989).

This species is a suspension feeder (Wolff, 1973). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Slim, somewhat triangular and elongated shell with the top directed to the back. Up to 40 mm long
and 16 mm high. The back is somewhat acuminate and truncate, the front is more rounded. The
sculpture consists of fine grooves radiating from the top that are crossed by growth lines. The lower
edge is very convex and coarsely serrated at the inside, hence the Dutch name “zaagje” (literally: little saw). Living specimens are coloured yellow or light purple. The inside of the shell is often yellow ochre or purple. They live directly under the sea floor. In case of disturbance they are able to burrow exceptionally fast. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution D. vittatus is found exclusively in the southern part of the North Sea, at depths of less than 30 m. It furthermore occurs in low densities in the western part of the Dutch Wadden Sea. Highest densities are found south of the Frisian Front area. The corresponding low biomass in this area indicates that this concerns juvenile specimens. The highest biomasses are found north of Terschelling and west of Texel. Several other studies report the species from the lower shore to a depth of about 20 m, with a more or less regular distribution and only a few specimens per m² (Eisma, 1966; Tebble, 1966; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution area of Donax vittatus is limited to the coastal area of the Belgian part of the North Sea. During both periods the species seems to prefer the western coastal zone. The detailed distribution of Donax vittatus reveals itself best in the 1994-2001 period, when numerous samples were collected in the coastal zone. During this period the species was commonly present from De Panne to Wenduine whereas it was almost absent further to the east. In general, the density remained rather low: up to 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period and up to 300 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat In the Dutch part of the North Sea D. vittatus prefers clean fine sand (cf. Ziegelmeier, 1957). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Donax vittatus tends to prefer fine-grained sediments (median grain size 50-250 μm). However, the chance of finding this species in these sediments is not higher than 20%. The species is absent in sediments with a median grain size exceeding 400 μm. Donax vittatus is found in sediments with a mud content ranging from 0 to 80% without a clear preference for a certain mud content. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology D. vittatus has a solid, wedge-shaped shell, somewhat triangular in outline. lt is rarely larger than 38 mm. A sculpture of fine concentric grooves and numerous fine radiating striations covers the shell. The inner ventral margin is toothed. The growth stages are clear. The shell is coloured white, yellow, brown or purple, or various shades of these. The interior of the shell is white or stained purple, sometimes tinted yellow or orange (Tebble, 1966; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:139604
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
  
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  Citation: Gofas, S. (2014). Donax vittatus. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=139604 on 2014-08-27
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License