WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone longa (Fabricius, 1780)

130616  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130616)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone islandica Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone leuckarti Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone robusta Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone villosa Levinsen, 1882 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longa Fabricius, 1780 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longa Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Greenlandic part of the Arctic Ocean  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Arctic Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Long, thin and very active worm with...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Long, thin and very active worm with approximately 200 identical segments (up to several cms long).
The head bears four little antennae. The dorsal half of the parapodia bears a large leaf-like lamella. Its colour ranges from white to light grey with brown patches or brownish-green broad transverse bands. This species is carnivorous and secretes slime upon contact. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are found near the coast and north of the Wadden islands. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the 1976-1986 period Eteone longa was...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the 1976-1986 period Eteone longa was distributed across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea but was only observed in relatively low densities (maximum 140 ind./m2). In the 1994-2001 period a different distribution pattern was noted: the distribution of E. longa was mainly limited to the nearcoastal zone, with the exception of the eastern coastal zone. In this zone the species was found in densities of maximum 550 ind./m2. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Hudson Bay to off North Carolina; Bering...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Hudson Bay to off North Carolina; Bering Sea to Mexico; n. Japan Sea; Iceland, Norway to English Channel [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Eteone longa. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130616 on 2017-12-16

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longa Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone islandica Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone leuckarti Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone lilljeborgi Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone robusta Verrill, 1873) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone villosa Levinsen, 1882) Levinsen, G. M. R. 1883. Systematisk-geografisk Oversigt over de nordiske Annulata, Gephyrea, Chaetognathi og Balanoglossi. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn, 1882: 160-251., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34979059 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

source of synonymy Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longa Fabricius, 1780) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone islandica Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone villosa Levinsen, 1882) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone robusta Verrill, 1873) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone lilljeborgi Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone leuckarti Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Van Ryckegem, G.; Van Braeckel, A.; Elsen, R.; Speybroeck, J.; Vandevoorde, B.; Mertens, W.; Breine, J.; Van den Bergh, E. (2014). MONEOS – Geïntegreerd datarapport: INBO: toestand Zeeschelde 2013 Monitoringsoverzicht en 1ste lijnsrapportage Geomorfologie, diversiteit Habitats en diversiteit Soorten. Rapporten van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, INBO.R.2014.2646963. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek (INBO): Brussel. 137 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Breeding occurs from March to May. The eggs are deposited in a cocoon. In the Delta area the pelagic larvae are found in February-June and August-October. Before spawning it sometimes swims close to the water surface.


In the western Wadden Sea E. longa appears to be relatively tolerant to low winter temperatures. The species crawls on the surface or in the upper centimetres of the sediment. Many phyllodocids are predatory carnivores, catching their prey with their muscular pharynx. E. longa feeds on spionids, e.g. Spio filicornis and Scolelepis squamata, and on a variety of small metazoans. Cannibalism is widespread (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Beukema, 1979; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Long, thin and very active worm with approximately 200 identical segments (up to several cms long).
The head bears four little antennae. The dorsal half of the parapodia bears a large leaf-like lamella. Its colour ranges from white to light grey with brown patches or brownish-green broad transverse bands. This species is carnivorous and secretes slime upon contact. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are found near the coast and north of the Wadden islands. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the 1976-1986 period Eteone longa was distributed across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea but was only observed in relatively low densities (maximum 140 ind./m2). In the 1994-2001 period a different distribution pattern was noted: the distribution of E. longa was mainly limited to the nearcoastal zone, with the exception of the eastern coastal zone. In this zone the species was found in densities of maximum 550 ind./m2. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Hudson Bay to off North Carolina; Bering Sea to Mexico; n. Japan Sea; Iceland, Norway to English Channel [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat E. longa occurs in all types of sediments, but prefers fine and muddy sand. it is also found in empty tubes and on oyster banks. Well-sorted types of sediments are favoured (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Eteone longa is found in sediments with a wide range of median grain sizes: the species is only absent in very fine (< 100 μm) and very coarse sediments (> 500 μm). An optimum (relative occurrence > 20%) is reached with a median grain size of 150 to 250 μm. Eteone longa displays a preference (relative occurrence: > 40%) for relatively high mud contents (30 to 50%), but is found in sediments with other mud contents as well. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology E. longa has a flattened, slender and elongated body with a length of a few centimetres and up to 200 segments. The numerous identical segments have prominent parapodia with a dorsal lamella. The head bears four short frontal antennae. lt is whitish or pale grey in colour, with brown blotches or broad transverse bands of brownish green (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
predator [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyclorhiza eteonicola Heegaard, 1942 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyclorhiza megalova Gotto & Leahy, 1988 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgroengele wadworm  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaddleworm  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorétéone  [details]