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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone longa (Fabricius, 1780) 
AphiaID: 130616

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodociformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteoninae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone Savigny, 1818
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone islandica Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone leuckarti Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone lilljeborgi Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone robusta Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone villosa Levinsen, 1882 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longa Fabricius, 1780 (superseded original combination)
Sources  original description Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13489 [details]

source of synonymy Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. 2004. Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here][details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgroengele wadworm  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaddleworm  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorétéone  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone longa robertianae McIntosh, 1874
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Barents Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKongsfjord [details]
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaguenay Fjord [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrand Banks [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesterschelde [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
predator [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyclorhiza eteonicola Heegaard, 1942 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyclorhiza megalova Gotto & Leahy, 1988 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (3 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (57 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (1 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Breeding occurs from March to May. The eggs are deposited in a cocoon. In the Delta area the pelagic larvae are found in February-June and August-October. Before spawning it sometimes swims close to the water surface.


In the western Wadden Sea E. longa appears to be relatively tolerant to low winter temperatures. The species crawls on the surface or in the upper centimetres of the sediment. Many phyllodocids are predatory carnivores, catching their prey with their muscular pharynx. E. longa feeds on spionids, e.g. Spio filicornis and Scolelepis squamata, and on a variety of small metazoans. Cannibalism is widespread (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Beukema, 1979; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Long, thin and very active worm with approximately 200 identical segments (up to several cms long).
The head bears four little antennae. The dorsal half of the parapodia bears a large leaf-like lamella. Its colour ranges from white to light grey with brown patches or brownish-green broad transverse bands. This species is carnivorous and secretes slime upon contact. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are found near the coast and north of the Wadden islands. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the 1976-1986 period Eteone longa was distributed across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea but was only observed in relatively low densities (maximum 140 ind./m2). In the 1994-2001 period a different distribution pattern was noted: the distribution of E. longa was mainly limited to the nearcoastal zone, with the exception of the eastern coastal zone. In this zone the species was found in densities of maximum 550 ind./m2. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Hudson Bay to off North Carolina; Bering Sea to Mexico; n. Japan Sea; Iceland, Norway to English Channel [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat E. longa occurs in all types of sediments, but prefers fine and muddy sand. it is also found in empty tubes and on oyster banks. Well-sorted types of sediments are favoured (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Eteone longa is found in sediments with a wide range of median grain sizes: the species is only absent in very fine (< 100 μm) and very coarse sediments (> 500 μm). An optimum (relative occurrence > 20%) is reached with a median grain size of 150 to 250 μm. Eteone longa displays a preference (relative occurrence: > 40%) for relatively high mud contents (30 to 50%), but is found in sediments with other mud contents as well. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology E. longa has a flattened, slender and elongated body with a length of a few centimetres and up to 200 segments. The numerous identical segments have prominent parapodia with a dorsal lamella. The head bears four short frontal antennae. lt is whitish or pale grey in colour, with brown blotches or broad transverse bands of brownish green (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130616
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130616 on 2014-08-29
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License