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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780) 
AphiaID: 130603

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphroditiformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe Johnston, 1839
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodita minuta Fabricius, 1780 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmyra ocellata Johnston, 1827 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe eximia Johnston, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta eximia Johnson, 1839 (superseded original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe synophthalmica dinardensis Saint Joseph, 1888 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe minuta Castelnau, 1842 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSigalion ocellatum Bobretzky, 1868 (subjective synonym)
Sources  original description Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13489 [details]

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Direct child
taxa (6)

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 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta caeca Uschakov, 1950
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta tecta (Stimpson, 1854)

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta anoculata Hartman, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe anoculata Hartman, 1965
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta eximia Johnson, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta hirsuta Rullier & Amoureux, 1979 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaylorpholoe hirsuta (Rullier & Amoureux, 1979)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta nana Zachs, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPholoe minuta tecta (Stimpson, 1854)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaguenay Fjord [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrand Banks [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtypes  omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Antarctic Invertebrates 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (41 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (124 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (31 nucleotides; 30 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Reproduction takes place in spring and summer. The species has planktonic larvae. P. minuta is considered to be an opportunistic species that prefers to colonize newly available habitats, thereby taking advantage of a relatively fast growth.


All members of the family Sigalionidae, including this species, are active, free-living predators taking a variety of small invertebrates (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Bosselmann, 1991). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A small bristle worm, usually not larger than 10 mm. The body is flat, elongated and covered with soft scales (elytra) on the dorsal side. The head has four small eyes and one median antenna. Its colour ranges from colourless, flesh colour, greenish to black; the elytra are brownish speckled. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution of P. minuta in the area comprises the brackish waters of the Delta area and the Wadden Sea, the coastal zone and the Oyster Ground, where the species is quite abundant. lt is absent from the clean sandy substrates in a large part of the Southern Bight. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the 1976-1986 period Pholoe minuta was found across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period this wide distribution was limited to especially the western near-coastal zone, which was characterised by a relatively high frequency of occurrence. The density of P. minuta during both periods was relatively low (maximum 100 ind./m2). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Iceland, Norway to France; Labrador to Long Island Sound, Bering Sea to Central California, n. Japan Sea [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat P. minuta prefers to live in very fine sand with more than 10% mud. It is also recorded from under stones, among old shells, in empty tubes of Sabellaria spinulosa and in black anoxic mud (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Pholoe minuta is found in sediments with a median grain size ranging from 100 to 500 μm, but displays a slight preference for fine-grained sediments (100 to 250 μm). However, the relative occurrence of the species remains low at all times (< 20%). With regard to the mud content the P. minuta displays a clear preference for sediments with a mud content up to 50%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A small species, usually not more than 1 cm long. The body is flat, oblong and on the dorsal side covered with soft scales (elytra). In contrast to Harmothoe species the elytra leave the mid-dorsal part of the body free. The head bears four small eyes and one median antenna. The 40-60 elytra show concentric rings. The worm is black and pale pink, the elytra speckled with rusty brown (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy this species does NOT !! occur in European waters; misidentification with several other Pholoe species possible (cf. Petersen 1998)) (R. Barnich) [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130603
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2007-01-24 08:43:46Z  checked  Barnich, Ruth
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: Fauchald, K. (2014). Pholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130603 on 2014-07-30
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License