WoRMS banner

WoRMS RSS feed RSS
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870) 
AphiaID: 131187

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes Grube, 1860
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio bombyx Claparède, 1870 (superseded original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes verrilli Webster & Benedict, 1884 (subjective synonym)
Sources 
redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

redescription Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Spionidae Grube, 1850. pages 81-223. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbee spionid  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaguenay Fjord [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
filter feeder [details]
interface grazer [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Antarctic Invertebrates 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (5 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (58 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (8 nucleotides; 7 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority (de Claparède, 1870) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The planktonic larvae of S. bombyx have been observed in the period April-December, with maximal nurnbers in May-June and August-September. The species lives in a tube that slightly protrudes from the surface. S. bombyx probably is a selective deposit feeder, but specific observations are lacking (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Thin and fragile bristle worm up to 60 mm long. Head features two striking horns at the front and one pointed horn at the back. Its palps are substantial but relatively short. Four eyes, no gills. The species constructs solid tubes consisting of sand grains. The colour of the anterior end is bright pink and becomes dark red to greenish brown towards the posterior end. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Saguenay Fjord, southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), Magdalen Islands (from Eastern Bradelle valley to the west, as far as Cape North, including the Cape Breton Channel); Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway); Cobscook Bay to Cape Hatteras [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Spiophanes bombyx is widely spread across the Belgian part of the North Sea (BPNS) and reaches a high frequency of occurrence in all areas. A low distribution frequency was only observed in the eastern coastal zone in the 1994-2001 period. In addition to its wide distribution pattern S. bombyx was mainly found in high densities (1976-1986 period: up to 1,500 ind./m2; 1994-2001 period: up to
12,000 ind./m2). In short, S. bombyx is one of the most common species on the BPNS. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. bombyx is found at almost 50% of all stations sampled. Locally, i.e. to the west and north of the Wadden islands up to the Frisian Front, it is very abundant. In the central and northern part of the Oyster Ground the species is found in low densities. The distribution of S. bombyx extends far into the estuarine Delta area and it is also found in some parts of the Wadden Sea. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Although the species has been found in a variety of sediment types, its density distribution suggests a distinct preference for fine sandy substrates. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Spiophanes bombyx reaches a high relative occurrence in almost all sediment types. A relative occurrence of > 40% is reached in sediments with a median grain size of 100 to 550 μm and with a mud content of 0 to 90%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Like Spio filicornis, a thin and fragile species with a maximum length of 60 mm and about 180 segments. The head is T-shaped and bears two large palps and four eyes arranged in a square. The first segment has characteristic curved chaetae. Gills are absent. The dorsal lobes of the parapodia are markedly pointed. The worm is bright pink in front and darker red or greenish brown towards the posterior. The species builds stiff tubes composed of sand grains (Hartmann- Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131187
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Spiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131187 on 2014-09-17
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License