WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870)

131187  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131187)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio bombyx Claparède, 1870 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio bombyx Claparède, 1870) Claparède, Édouard. (1870). Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Supplément. Mémoires de la Société de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Genève. 20(2): 365-542 [separate pagination at page top, continuous pagination at bottom]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18576#page/13/mode/1up [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Italian Exclusive Economic Zone  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Italian Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Thin and fragile bristle worm up to 60 mm...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Thin and fragile bristle worm up to 60 mm long. Head features two striking horns at the front and one pointed horn at the back. Its palps are substantial but relatively short. Four eyes, no gills. The species constructs solid tubes consisting of sand grains. The colour of the anterior end is bright pink and becomes dark red to greenish brown towards the posterior end. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Saguenay Fjord, southern Gaspe waters (Baie...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Saguenay Fjord, southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), Magdalen Islands (from Eastern Bradelle valley to the west, as far as Cape North, including the Cape Breton Channel); Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway); Cobscook Bay to Cape Hatteras [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Spiophanes bombyx is widely spread across the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Spiophanes bombyx is widely spread across the Belgian part of the North Sea (BPNS) and reaches a high frequency of occurrence in all areas. A low distribution frequency was only observed in the eastern coastal zone in the 1994-2001 period. In addition to its wide distribution pattern S. bombyx was mainly found in high densities (1976-1986 period: up to 1,500 ind./m2; 1994-2001 period: up to
12,000 ind./m2). In short, S. bombyx is one of the most common species on the BPNS. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. bombyx is found at almost 50% of all...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. bombyx is found at almost 50% of all stations sampled. Locally, i.e. to the west and north of the Wadden islands up to the Frisian Front, it is very abundant. In the central and northern part of the Oyster Ground the species is found in low densities. The distribution of S. bombyx extends far into the estuarine Delta area and it is also found in some parts of the Wadden Sea. [details]
Bellan, G. (2017). Spiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131187 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes verrilli Webster & Benedict, 1884) Webster, Henry E. and Benedict, James E. 1884. The Annelida Chaetopoda from Provincetown and Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Annual Report of the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Washington, 1881: 699-747., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/41903#page/173/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio bombyx Claparède, 1870) Claparède, Édouard. (1870). Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Supplément. Mémoires de la Société de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Genève. 20(2): 365-542 [separate pagination at page top, continuous pagination at bottom]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18576#page/13/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Holtmann, S.E.; Groenewold, A.; Schrader, K.H.M.; Asjes, J.; Craeymeersch, J.A.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; van Bostelen, A.J.; van der Meer, J. (1996). Atlas of the zoobenthos of the Dutch continental shelf. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management: Rijswijk, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-369-4301-9. 243 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fauvel, Pierre. (1916). Annélides polychètes des Iles Falkland recueillies par M. Rupert Vallentin Esqre (1902-1910). Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 55(10): 417-482, plates VIII-IX., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29985#page/543/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Spionidae Grube, 1850. pages 81-223. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes verrilli Webster & Benedict, 1884) Fauvel, Pierre. (1916). Annélides polychètes des Iles Falkland recueillies par M. Rupert Vallentin Esqre (1902-1910). Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 55(10): 417-482, plates VIII-IX., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29985#page/543/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio bombyx Claparède, 1870) Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Shin, P. K. S. (1998). Biodiversity of subtidal benthic polychaetes in Hong Kong coastal waters. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Marine Biology of the South China Sea, The Marine Biology of the South China Sea (ed. Morton,B.), PP57-74. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority (de Claparède, 1870) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The planktonic larvae of S. bombyx have been observed in the period April-December, with maximal nurnbers in May-June and August-September. The species lives in a tube that slightly protrudes from the surface. S. bombyx probably is a selective deposit feeder, but specific observations are lacking (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Thin and fragile bristle worm up to 60 mm long. Head features two striking horns at the front and one pointed horn at the back. Its palps are substantial but relatively short. Four eyes, no gills. The species constructs solid tubes consisting of sand grains. The colour of the anterior end is bright pink and becomes dark red to greenish brown towards the posterior end. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Saguenay Fjord, southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), Magdalen Islands (from Eastern Bradelle valley to the west, as far as Cape North, including the Cape Breton Channel); Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway); Cobscook Bay to Cape Hatteras [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Spiophanes bombyx is widely spread across the Belgian part of the North Sea (BPNS) and reaches a high frequency of occurrence in all areas. A low distribution frequency was only observed in the eastern coastal zone in the 1994-2001 period. In addition to its wide distribution pattern S. bombyx was mainly found in high densities (1976-1986 period: up to 1,500 ind./m2; 1994-2001 period: up to
12,000 ind./m2). In short, S. bombyx is one of the most common species on the BPNS. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. bombyx is found at almost 50% of all stations sampled. Locally, i.e. to the west and north of the Wadden islands up to the Frisian Front, it is very abundant. In the central and northern part of the Oyster Ground the species is found in low densities. The distribution of S. bombyx extends far into the estuarine Delta area and it is also found in some parts of the Wadden Sea. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Although the species has been found in a variety of sediment types, its density distribution suggests a distinct preference for fine sandy substrates. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Spiophanes bombyx reaches a high relative occurrence in almost all sediment types. A relative occurrence of > 40% is reached in sediments with a median grain size of 100 to 550 μm and with a mud content of 0 to 90%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Like Spio filicornis, a thin and fragile species with a maximum length of 60 mm and about 180 segments. The head is T-shaped and bears two large palps and four eyes arranged in a square. The first segment has characteristic curved chaetae. Gills are absent. The dorsal lobes of the parapodia are markedly pointed. The worm is bright pink in front and darker red or greenish brown towards the posterior. The species builds stiff tubes composed of sand grains (Hartmann- Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
filter feeder [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbee spionid  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorエラナシスピオ  [details]