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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbra alba (W. Wood, 1802) 
AphiaID: 141433

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellinoidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSemelidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbra (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbra Lamarck, 1818
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidesma boisyianum Leach, 1852 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidesma boysiana Leach in Gray, 1852
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErycina renieri Philippi, 1836
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErycina tumida Brusina, 1865
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra alba W. Wood, 1802
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra boisyi Montagu, 1803 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra boysii Montagu, 1803
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyndesmya alba (Wood W., 1802)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyndesmya alba var. apesa de Gregorio, 1884 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyndesmya alba var. curta Jeffreys, 1864 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyndosmya alba (W. Wood, 1802)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyndosmya alba var. major Recluz, 1843 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyndosmya apelina Récluz, 1843
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyndosmya occitanica Récluz in Chenu, 1844
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina pellucida Brocchi, 1814
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina semidentata Scacchi, 1833
Sources  basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvid pebermusling  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorwitte dunschaal  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwhite furrow shell  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortelline blancheUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsyndesmye blanche  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorweiße PfeffermuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkleine Pfeffermuschel  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWenduine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeebrugge [details]
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUkrainian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Italy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorItaly [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Gabès [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Tunisia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBoughrara Lagoon [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGhar El Melh lagoon [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMonastir  [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Coast of Tunisia [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Lagoon [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Africa [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptinogaster histrio (Pelseneer, 1929) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (74 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (4 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Bivalves of the British Isles webpage at National Museum of Wales 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology A. alba and Tellina fabula are two species occupying the same feeding niche since both can feed on deposit as well as on suspended material. Competition between the two species may result in the slow growth of the later-settling T. fabula[details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The production of a large number of small-sized eggs suggests that A. alba has a larval development with a long pelagic life. The optimal spawning period of the bivalve lies between May and August. The first postlarvae have a shell length of btween 200 and 300 µm. Specimens that settle in early summer grow rapidly, while another spatfall in late summer or autumn apparently does not grow until the following spring. Most specimens of A. alba live only one year, reaching modal lengths of 12-14 mm. Specimens that live for two years grow to 13-16 mm and the maximum length reached is 20-25 mm. The abundance of A. alba typically fluctuates widely from year to year due to variation in recruitment success or adult mortality. A. alba is capable of rapidly exploiting any new disturbed substratum suitable for colonisation, either through larval recruitment, secondary settlement or post-metamorphosis juveniles or re-distribution of adults following storms. A thin-shelled selective deposit [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Small (up to 25mm long), thin and fragile shell. Oval shape, rather flat with thin concentric growth
lines. The shells are shiny white and somehow transparent. Abra alba lives rather deep in the bottom and feeds on sediment by means of long, individually separated stretchable siphons. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution During both periods Abra alba is a common species in the near-coastal zone. The species is only rarely found further than 30 km off the coast. Abra alba locally reaches very high densities: up to about 14,000 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period and appr. 5,000 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. The highest densities are observed near the western coastal zone in both periods. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the investigated area A. alba is very abundant in the south-eastern part of the Oyster Ground and the Frisian Front area. The bivalve is also present near the Dutch coast and in the Voordelta area, where its distribution extends into the Westerschelde and the Grevelingenmeer. The highest densities in the Delta area are found in the Oosterschelde. In the western part of the Wadden Sea and at the Balgzand the species is present in low densities. Highest biomass is found along the Dutch coast and in the central part of the Frisian Front area. Other investigations found the species to be confined to a more or less narrow strip of sea bottom near the shore (Eisma, 1966; Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990;< Rees & Dare, 1993). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Abra alba can be found in all sediment types. However, the species does tend to prefer (> 50% of the samples) fine-grained sediments with a median grain size between 50 and 250 μm and a mud content of 10-50%. In coarse sediments (median grain size > 300 μm) with a low mud content (< 10%) the A. alba is rather rare. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology The shell is thin and brittle, broadly oval in outline. It is up to 25 mm long and has a sculpture of fine concentric lines. The growth stages are clear. The shell is white in colour, covered with a light brown periostracum. The interior of the shell is white. [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Abra alba
Abra alba
Abra alba (Wood W., 1802) Specimen from La Goulette, Tunisia (soft bottoms 10-15 m, 22.02.2010), actual size 10.3 mm.
Abra alba (Wood W., 18...

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show all]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141433
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
2010-09-23 10:34:21Z  changed  Huber, Markus
  
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  Citation: Huber, M.; Gofas, S. (2014). Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141433 on 2014-08-01
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License