WoRMS taxon details

Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776)

131183  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131183)

accepted
Species
Nereis filicornis Müller, 1776 (superseded original combination)
Spio gattyi McIntosh, 1909 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofNereis filicornis Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Davis Strait  
type locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Davis Strait [details]
Note Neotype, Near Paamiut (Frederikshaab),...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Neotype, Near Paamiut (Frederikshaab), Iluilârssuk, West Greenland, 61° 50.059’ N, 49° 25.183’ W (61.834317° , -49.419717°), eulittoral [details]
Distribution As redescribed (Meißner et al, 2011) so far known only from Iluilârssuk (neotype locality) and Paamiut...  
Distribution As redescribed (Meißner et al, 2011) so far known only from Iluilârssuk (neotype locality) and Paamiut (Frederikshaab),West Greenland. See Spio arndti (Western Baltic Sea) and Spio symphyta (North Sea and perhaps Norwegian Sea). Spio 'filicornis' elsewhere may be other species although quite similar in appearance. [details]

Distribution In Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada [identity of the Spio of the distribution described needs to be re-evaluated - ed.]...  
Distribution In Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada [identity of the Spio of the distribution described needs to be re-evaluated - ed.] southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary; Magdalen Islands (from Eastern Bradelle valley to the west, as far as Cape North, including the Cape Breton Channel); Cobscook Bay to Cape Cod [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131183 on 2018-07-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-25 08:16:00Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofNereis filicornis Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSpio gattyi McIntosh, 1909) McIntosh, W.C. 1909. Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. 31. 1. On a young stage of Gadus luscus with bold transverse bars of pigment. 2. On the british Spionidae. 3. On the Spionidae dredged by H.M.S. 'Porcupine' in 1869 and 1870. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 3: 153-180. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Chlebovitsch, V. V. 1961. (The polychaetous annelids of the tidal zone of the Kurile Islands). Akademiia Nauk SSSR, Zool.Inst.Issledovanie dal'nevost.morei SSSR, 7: 151-260. [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Johnston, G. (1865). A catalogue of the British non-parasitical worms in the collection of the British Museum. [book]. 1-365. British Museum. London. [See also separate entry for Baird supplement]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/12291 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source McIntosh, William Carmichel. (1915). Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. A Monograph of the British Marine Annelids. The Ray Society, London, 3 (1): i-viii, 1-368 (text)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38532650 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Hartman, O. (1948). The polychaetous annelids of Alaska. Pacific Science. 2(1): 3-58., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8890 [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Meißner, K.; Bick, A.; Bastrop, R. 2011. On the identity of Spio filicornis (O.F. Muller, 1776)—with the designation of a neotype, and the description of two new species from the North East Atlantic Ocean based on morphological and genetic studies. Zootaxa (2815): 1-27, available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2011/2815.html
page(s): 6 [details]   

new combination reference Fabricius, O. (1785). Von dem Spio-Geschlecht, einem neuen Wurmgeschlecht Nereis seticornis und Nereis filicornis, mit Abbildungen. Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde. 6: 256-270, plate V., available online at http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/diglib/aufkl/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde.htm
page(s): 264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofNereis filicornis Müller, 1776) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofNereis filicornis Müller, 1776) Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofSpio gattyi McIntosh, 1909) McIntosh, William Carmichel. (1915). Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. A Monograph of the British Marine Annelids. The Ray Society, London, 3 (1): i-viii, 1-368 (text)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38532650 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription  (ofNereis filicornis Müller, 1776) Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae.
page(s): 307 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofNereis filicornis Müller, 1776) Johnston, G. (1865). A catalogue of the British non-parasitical worms in the collection of the British Museum. [book]. 1-365. British Museum. London. [See also separate entry for Baird supplement]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/12291 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription  (ofNereis filicornis Müller, 1776) Meißner, K.; Bick, A.; Bastrop, R. 2011. On the identity of Spio filicornis (O.F. Muller, 1776)—with the designation of a neotype, and the description of two new species from the North East Atlantic Ocean based on morphological and genetic studies. Zootaxa (2815): 1-27, available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2011/2815.html
page(s): 7 [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Neotype ZSRO P-2059 [details]
Neotype [from synonym] ZSRO P-2059 [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Distribution As redescribed (Meißner et al, 2011) so far known only from Iluilârssuk (neotype locality) and Paamiut (Frederikshaab),West Greenland. See Spio arndti (Western Baltic Sea) and Spio symphyta (North Sea and perhaps Norwegian Sea). Spio 'filicornis' elsewhere may be other species although quite similar in appearance. [details]

Distribution In Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada [identity of the Spio of the distribution described needs to be re-evaluated - ed.] southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary; Magdalen Islands (from Eastern Bradelle valley to the west, as far as Cape North, including the Cape Breton Channel); Cobscook Bay to Cape Cod [details]

Editor's comment These biology notes are probably outdated as at 2012. Two further European Spio species have been described that were previously included as "Spio filicornis". [details]

Type locality Neotype, Near Paamiut (Frederikshaab), Iluilârssuk, West Greenland, 61° 50.059’ N, 49° 25.183’ W (61.834317° , -49.419717°), eulittoral [details]

From other sources
Biology S. filicornis probably spawns in autumn or winter, releasing large eggs. Planktonic larvae are found from February to April. S. filicomis builds fragile tubes of sand fragments. lt swims in spirals when disturbed. Spionids are generally considered surface deposit feeders that use their large ciliated palps to select and pick up food particles (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Curtis, 1977; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Habitat The density distribution of this species suggests a preference for the sandy types of sediment with little mud, although other sediment types are inhabited as well. The species has for instance been reported from anoxic mud (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Habitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Morphology A thin and fragile species with a maximum length of 30 mm and about 2 mm wide. The body is composed of up 90 uniform segments. The head bears four small eyes arranged in a square and two palps. Finger-like, dorsally curved gills are present from the first to almost the last segment. The colour of the body is bluish green with contrasting red blood vessels in the palps and the gilis. Mature males are whitish, while females are brighter green (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English bristleworm  [details]
Japanese マドカスピオ  [details]