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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis (Müller, 1776) 
AphiaID: 131183

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio Fabricius, 1785
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis filicornis Müller, 1776 (superseded original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio gattyi McIntosh, 1909 (subjective synonym)
Sources  original description Müller, O.F. (1776). Zoologica Danicae Prodromus seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characters, nomine, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Havniae. XXXII, 274 pp. (look up in IMIS), available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13268 [details] [full text]

source of synonymy Hartman, O. 1948. The polychaetous annelids of Alaska. Pacific Science, 2(1): 3-58., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8890 [details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

redescription Meißner, K.; Bick, A.; Bastrop, R. 2011. On the identity of Spio filicornis (O.F. Muller, 1776)—with the designation of a neotype, and the description of two new species from the North East Atlantic Ocean based on morphological and genetic studies. Zootaxa (2815): 1-27, available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2011/2815.html
page(s): 6 [details]

new combination reference Fabricius, O. 1785. Von den Spio-Geschlechte, Nereis seticornis und Nereis filicornis. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft der naturforschende Freunde zur Berlin 6: 256-270,1plate.
page(s): 264 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbristleworm  [details]
Direct child
taxa (2)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis pacifica Berkeley, 1936

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis picta Zachs, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio picta Zachs, 1933
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Greenlandic part of the Davis Strait [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Barents Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKongsfjord [details]
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUkrainian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaguenay Fjord [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrand Banks [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Specimens  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeotype ZSRO P-2059 [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeotype [from synonym] ZSRO P-2059 [view taxon]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
filter feeder [details]
suspension feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (85 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (6 nucleotides; 2 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution As redescribed (Meißner et al, 2011) so far known only from Iluilârssuk (neotype locality) and Paamiut (Frederikshaab),West Greenland. See Spio arndti (Western Baltic Sea) and Spio symphyta (North Sea and perhaps Norwegian Sea). Spio 'filicornis' elsewhere may be other species although quite similar in appearance. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada [identity of the Spio of the distribution described needs to be re-evaluated - ed.] southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary; Magdalen Islands (from Eastern Bradelle valley to the west, as far as Cape North, including the Cape Breton Channel); Cobscook Bay to Cape Cod [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment These biology notes are probably outdated as at 2012. Two further European Spio species have been described that were previously included as "Spio filicornis". [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Neotype, Near Paamiut (Frederikshaab), Iluilârssuk, West Greenland, 61° 50.059’ N, 49° 25.183’ W (61.834317° , -49.419717°), eulittoral [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology S. filicornis probably spawns in autumn or winter, releasing large eggs. Planktonic larvae are found from February to April. S. filicomis builds fragile tubes of sand fragments. lt swims in spirals when disturbed. Spionids are generally considered surface deposit feeders that use their large ciliated palps to select and pick up food particles (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Curtis, 1977; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The density distribution of this species suggests a preference for the sandy types of sediment with little mud, although other sediment types are inhabited as well. The species has for instance been reported from anoxic mud (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A thin and fragile species with a maximum length of 30 mm and about 2 mm wide. The body is composed of up 90 uniform segments. The head bears four small eyes arranged in a square and two palps. Finger-like, dorsally curved gills are present from the first to almost the last segment. The colour of the body is bluish green with contrasting red blood vessels in the palps and the gilis. Mature males are whitish, while females are brighter green (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131183
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-25 08:16:00Z  changed  Decock, Wim
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Spio filicornis. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131183 on 2014-11-27
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License