WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)

141579  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141579)

Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina attenuata Jeffreys, 1864 (Invalid: junior homonym of Tellina attenuata Deshayes, 1855)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina fragilis (Fabricius, 1780) (Invalid: junior homonym of Tellina fragilis Linnaeus, 1758)
marine
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A rather thick, broadly oval shell up to 30 mm long. The top of the shell is somewhere in the middle
of the shell. The...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A rather thick, broadly oval shell up to 30 mm long. The top of the shell is somewhere in the middle
of the shell. The back is slightly acuminate. The shell surface is smooth with very fine concentric
growth lines. Its colour varies: white, yellow, orange to reddish. They burrow shallowly in fine, muddy sand bottoms and feed on food particles located on top of the sediment that they manage to suck up by means of their very long, individually separated stretchable siphons. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution M. balthica occurs from the upper part of the intertidal down to the shallow subtidal zone. In the study area it is...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution M. balthica occurs from the upper part of the intertidal down to the shallow subtidal zone. In the study area it is confined to the Wadden Sea, the Delta estuaries and a narrow zone along the coast. It has not been recorded from depths over 25 m in the open North Sea. The highest biomasses are found along the Dutch coast and north of Ameland and Schiermonnikoog. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Macoma balthica typically occurs in the coastal zone of the Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1976-1986 period only low...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Macoma balthica typically occurs in the coastal zone of the Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1976-1986 period only low densities were observed (up to 10 ind./m2) whereas densities up to 170 ind./m2 were found in the 1994-2001 period. In this period the highest densities seemed to occur near the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic seas to off Georgia  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic seas to off Georgia [details]
Sartori, André F.; Gofas, S. (2016). Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141579 on 2018-01-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
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2016-06-12 07:47:41Z
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original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma californica Carpenter, 1857) Carpenter P.P. (1857). Catalogue of the collection of Mazatlan Mollusca in the British Museum collected by Frederick Reigen. London, xvi + 552 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/61252 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina zonata Dillwyn, 1817) Dillwyn L. W. 1817. A descriptive catalogue of Recent shells, arranged according to the Linnean method; with particular attention to the synonymy. London: John and Arthur Arch. Vol. 2:581-1092 + index [29 pp.]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10437 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Abbott R. T. (1974). American seashells. The marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coast of North America. ed. 2. Van Nostrand, New York. 663 pp., 24 pls. [October 1974]. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Turgeon, D.; Quinn, J.F.; Bogan, A.E.; Coan, E.V.; Hochberg, F.G.; Lyons, W.G.; Mikkelsen, P.M.; Neves, R.J.; Roper, C.F.E.; Rosenberg, G.; Roth, B.; Scheltema, A.; Thompson, F.G.; Vecchione, M.; Williams, J.D. (1998). Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, 26. American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina zonata Dillwyn, 1817) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina fragilis (Fabricius, 1780)) Coan E.V. & Kabat A.R. (2012) The malacological works and taxa of Sylvanius Hanley (1819-1899). Malacologia 55(2): 285-359. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina attenuata Jeffreys, 1864) OBIS Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database. , available online at http://clade.ansp.org/obis/ [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma californica Carpenter, 1857) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology M. balthica has separate sexes. The main breeding period lies between February and May, with a second spawning in autumn. The free-swimming veliger larva has a pelagic life of up to seven or eight weeks. When growth is fast, longevity is about three years, but in slow growing populations specimens live for six or seven years (Fish & Fish, 1989; Zwarts et al., 1992).


The bivalve lives buried below the surface, maintaining contact with the overlying water by means of the inhalant and exhalant siphons (Brafield & Newell, 1961; Fish & Fish, 1989). M. balthica is capable of deposit as well as suspension feeding (Brafield & Newell, 1961; Wolff, 1973; Fish & Fish, 1989). M. balthica is able to withstand low winter temperatures. In the Dutch Wadden Sea its abundance increases after cold winters (Beukema, 1979; Beukema & Essink, 1986).


The species is an important prey item for birds such as the knot (Zwarts & Blomert, 1992; Zwarts et al., 1992). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A rather thick, broadly oval shell up to 30 mm long. The top of the shell is somewhere in the middle
of the shell. The back is slightly acuminate. The shell surface is smooth with very fine concentric
growth lines. Its colour varies: white, yellow, orange to reddish. They burrow shallowly in fine, muddy sand bottoms and feed on food particles located on top of the sediment that they manage to suck up by means of their very long, individually separated stretchable siphons. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions reaches 1.5 to 3.5 cm in size [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution M. balthica occurs from the upper part of the intertidal down to the shallow subtidal zone. In the study area it is confined to the Wadden Sea, the Delta estuaries and a narrow zone along the coast. It has not been recorded from depths over 25 m in the open North Sea. The highest biomasses are found along the Dutch coast and north of Ameland and Schiermonnikoog. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Macoma balthica typically occurs in the coastal zone of the Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1976-1986 period only low densities were observed (up to 10 ind./m2) whereas densities up to 170 ind./m2 were found in the 1994-2001 period. In this period the highest densities seemed to occur near the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic seas to off Georgia [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat M. balthica occurs in muddy sediments with a preference for relatively high silt-clay percentages. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Macoma balthica tends to prefer very fine sediments (median grain size < 200 μm) with high mud contents (> 20%). The maximum relative occurrence (80%!) is reached in sediments with a median grain size of 0-50 μm and a mud content of 50-60%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology M. balthica has a broadly oval shell, somewhat inflated anteriorly. lt is up to 25 mm in length. The shell surface is smooth, sculptured with very fine concentric lines. The growth stages are clearly visible, usually marked by bands of colour. lt is very variable in colour, with shades of white, yellow, pink or purple, often drawn out in concentric bands. The interior of the shell is white or purple, or a shade of the external colour (Tebble, 1966; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction separate sexes, usually not dimorphic in shell structure; fertilization occurs within the mantle cavity anf young hatch as pelagic larvae (generalized for group) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling often spelled M. baltica [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
suspension feeder [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptinogaster histrio (Pelseneer, 1929) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilicola intestinalis Steuer, 1902 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorøstersømusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornonnetjeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewoon nonnetje  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic tellinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic macoma  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortelline BaltiqueUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpetit macoma  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrote BohneUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlattmuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltische TellmuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltische Plattmuschel  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorøstersjøskjell  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorøstersjøskjel  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrogowiec bałtycki  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoröstersjömussla  [details]