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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 141579

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellinoidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacominae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma balthica (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma Leach, 1819
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma californica Carpenter, 1857 (dubious synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacoma inconspicua (Broderip & Sowerby, 1829) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSanguinolaria californiana Conrad, 1837 (dubious synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina attenuata Jeffreys, 1864 (Invalid: junior homonym of Tellina attenuata Deshayes, 1855)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina balthica Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina carnaria Pennant, 1777 (invalid: junior homonym of Tellina carnaria Linnaeus, 1758)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina fabricii Hanley, 1846
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina fragilis (Fabricius, 1780) (Invalid: junior homonym of Tellina fragilis Linnaeus, 1758)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina inconspicua Broderip & Sowerby G.B. I, 1829 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina neustriaca Locard, 1886 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina petala Valenciennes in Humboldt & Bonpland, 1821 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina rotunda Salisbury, 1934 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina rotundata Sowerby G.B. II, 1867 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina rubra da Costa, 1778
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina solidula Pulteney, 1799 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina solidula normalis Middendorff, 1851 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina zonata Dillwyn, 1817 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus fragilis Fabricius, 1780
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorøstersømusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornonnetjeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewoon nonnetje  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic tellinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic macoma  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortelline BaltiqueUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpetit macoma  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrote BohneUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlattmuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltische TellmuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltische Plattmuschel  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorøstersjøskjell  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorøstersjøskjel  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrogowiec bałtycki  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoröstersjömussla  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Baltic Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPolish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeebrugge [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNavy Island [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOak Point [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaguenay Fjord [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaint Andrews [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSam Orr Pond [details]
Estonia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMuuga harbour (Port of Tallinn, Gulf of Finland) [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Finland
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Gulf of Finland [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorElbe [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGoote Bank [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesterschelde [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
White Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWhite Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptinogaster histrio (Pelseneer, 1929) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilicola intestinalis Steuer, 1902 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (70 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (176 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (125 nucleotides; 100 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Bivalves of the British Isles webpage at National Museum of Wales 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology M. balthica has separate sexes. The main breeding period lies between February and May, with a second spawning in autumn. The free-swimming veliger larva has a pelagic life of up to seven or eight weeks. When growth is fast, longevity is about three years, but in slow growing populations specimens live for six or seven years (Fish & Fish, 1989; Zwarts et al., 1992).


The bivalve lives buried below the surface, maintaining contact with the overlying water by means of the inhalant and exhalant siphons (Brafield & Newell, 1961; Fish & Fish, 1989). M. balthica is capable of deposit as well as suspension feeding (Brafield & Newell, 1961; Wolff, 1973; Fish & Fish, 1989). M. balthica is able to withstand low winter temperatures. In the Dutch Wadden Sea its abundance increases after cold winters (Beukema, 1979; Beukema & Essink, 1986).


The species is an important prey item for birds such as the knot (Zwarts & Blomert, 1992; Zwarts et al., 1992). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A rather thick, broadly oval shell up to 30 mm long. The top of the shell is somewhere in the middle
of the shell. The back is slightly acuminate. The shell surface is smooth with very fine concentric
growth lines. Its colour varies: white, yellow, orange to reddish. They burrow shallowly in fine, muddy sand bottoms and feed on food particles located on top of the sediment that they manage to suck up by means of their very long, individually separated stretchable siphons. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions reaches 1.5 to 3.5 cm in size [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution M. balthica occurs from the upper part of the intertidal down to the shallow subtidal zone. In the study area it is confined to the Wadden Sea, the Delta estuaries and a narrow zone along the coast. It has not been recorded from depths over 25 m in the open North Sea. The highest biomasses are found along the Dutch coast and north of Ameland and Schiermonnikoog. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Macoma balthica typically occurs in the coastal zone of the Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1976-1986 period only low densities were observed (up to 10 ind./m2) whereas densities up to 170 ind./m2 were found in the 1994-2001 period. In this period the highest densities seemed to occur near the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic seas to off Georgia [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat M. balthica occurs in muddy sediments with a preference for relatively high silt-clay percentages. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Macoma balthica tends to prefer very fine sediments (median grain size < 200 μm) with high mud contents (> 20%). The maximum relative occurrence (80%!) is reached in sediments with a median grain size of 0-50 μm and a mud content of 50-60%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology M. balthica has a broadly oval shell, somewhat inflated anteriorly. lt is up to 25 mm in length. The shell surface is smooth, sculptured with very fine concentric lines. The growth stages are clearly visible, usually marked by bands of colour. lt is very variable in colour, with shades of white, yellow, pink or purple, often drawn out in concentric bands. The interior of the shell is white or purple, or a shade of the external colour (Tebble, 1966; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction separate sexes, usually not dimorphic in shell structure; fertilization occurs within the mantle cavity anf young hatch as pelagic larvae (generalized for group) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling often spelled M. baltica [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141579
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
  
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  Citation: Gofas, S. (2014). Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141579 on 2014-12-27
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