WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)

124273 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124273)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster pulvinulus (Pennant, 1812) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus minimus Girard, 1850 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus minutus (Gmelin, 1791) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus tarentinus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Echinocyamus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia equina Aradas, 1850 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia pusilla (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Echinocyamus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776 (transferred to Echinocyamus)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 236 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Sublittoral to more than 200 m depth, in...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Sublittoral to more than 200 m depth, in coarse sand and fine gravel, common all around British Isles [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Echinocyamus pusillus is a small sea urchin...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Echinocyamus pusillus is a small sea urchin with an oval, flattened body measuring up to 15 mm long. The calcite skeleton is completely covered with fine short spines and coloured grey to greenish. Specimens become completely green when injured, a characteristic the species shares with some other sea urchin species. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the south-western part of the Southern Bight. The species is absent from the Wadden Sea, the Delta area, the Voordelta, the Dutch coast and the Oyster Ground. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Echinocyamus pusillus occurred outside the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Echinocyamus pusillus occurred outside the near-coastal zone in both periods. In the 1994-2001 period the species was furthermore observed a number of times in the western coastal zone. Maximum density is 400 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]
Kroh, A.; Hansson, H. (2010). Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2017). World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124273 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-09-25 21:07:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868) Costa, O. G. (1867). Monografia degli Echinociami viventi e fossili delle province Napolitane. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche. 3/14, 1-9., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015035459745;view=1up;seq=376
page(s): 4; pl. 1: fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868) Costa, O. G. (1867). Monografia degli Echinociami viventi e fossili delle province Napolitane. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche. 3/14, 1-9., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015035459745;view=1up;seq=376
page(s): 4-5; pl. 1: fig. 2 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 215-216 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia equina Aradas, 1850) Aradas, A. (1850-1955). Monografia degli Echinidi viventi e fossili di Sicilia. Parte 1a: Famiglia Spatanghi. Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania. Serie 2 6-10, 6 (1850): 53-96, 189-216., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33528#page/71/mode/1up
page(s): 203-205 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 17 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791) Gmelin, J.F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 10. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5
page(s): 3 194 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 236 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus minimus Girard, 1850) Girard, C. 1850. Observations upon Planarian Worms, with descriptions of several new species of Echinoderms. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 3, 363-368; Erratum on p. 396., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/35741#page/371/mode/1up
page(s): 367-368 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812) Pennant, Thomas. (1812). British Zoology. A new edition in four volumes. vol IV. Class V. Crustacea. Class VI. Vermes. Wilkie & Robinson. London. xvi+379 pp. 95 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34933712
page(s): 140-141; pl. 38: figs 1-3 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

additional source Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia equina Aradas, 1850) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia equina Aradas, 1850) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia pusilla (O.F. Müller, 1776)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus minutus (Gmelin, 1791)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus tarentinus (Lamarck, 1816)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster pulvinulus (Pennant, 1812)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus minimus Girard, 1850) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Sublittoral to more than 200 m depth, in coarse sand and fine gravel, common all around British Isles [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology E. pusillus has separate sexes and fertilization takes place externally. The breeding season is in the summer months. The larvae are pelagic. They are characterized by a body skeleton forming a basket-like structure (Mortensen, 1927; Fish & Fish, 1989).
E. pusillus is a deposit-feeding clypeasteroid. lts gut content includes sediment, remains of plants and bottom material (detritus), and infauna, especially foraminiferans. E. pusillus is eaten by fish, especially by dab and haddock (Mortensen, 1927; De Ridder & Lawrence, 1982; Fish & Fish, 1989). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreeding Echinopluteus larva. Summer - autumn [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Echinocyamus pusillus is a small sea urchin with an oval, flattened body measuring up to 15 mm long. The calcite skeleton is completely covered with fine short spines and coloured grey to greenish. Specimens become completely green when injured, a characteristic the species shares with some other sea urchin species. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the south-western part of the Southern Bight. The species is absent from the Wadden Sea, the Delta area, the Voordelta, the Dutch coast and the Oyster Ground. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Echinocyamus pusillus occurred outside the near-coastal zone in both periods. In the 1994-2001 period the species was furthermore observed a number of times in the western coastal zone. Maximum density is 400 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat In the Dutch sector of the North Sea E. pusillus mainly occurs in the areas between 20 to 30 m of depth, in coarse to medium sand bottoms. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Echinocyamus pusillus has a preference for medium to coarse-grained sand (median grain size: > 200 μm) and reaches an optimum in sediments with a median grain size of 500-550 μm (relative occurrence: 30%). The species furthermore prefers sediments with a low mud content (maximum 10%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology E. pusillus has an oval, much flattened test of up to 15 mm in length. The test is covered with fine short spines and is greyish or greenish in colour. On preservation or when hurt it turns green, a character distinctive of all clypeasteroids (Mortensen, 1927; Southward, 1972; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

Feeding Type
carnivore [details]
deposit feeder [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeeboontje  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen urchinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen sea urchinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbroad beau of sea  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfève de mer  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZwergseeigelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchildigel  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvergsjømus  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvergsjømus  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpapo-seco  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvärgsjöborre  [details]