WoRMS taxon details

Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)

124273  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124273)

accepted
Species
Clypeaster pulvinulus (Pennant, 1812) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinocyamus minimus Girard, 1850 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinocyamus minutus (Gmelin, 1791) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinocyamus tarentinus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus minutus Gmelin, 1791 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Echinocyamus)
Fibularia equina Aradas, 1850 (subjective junior synonym)
Fibularia pusilla (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Echinocyamus)
Fibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Spatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776 (transferred to Echinocyamus)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 236 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution Sublittoral to more than 200 m depth, in coarse sand and fine gravel, common all around British Isles  
Distribution Sublittoral to more than 200 m depth, in coarse sand and fine gravel, common all around British Isles [details]

Description Echinocyamus pusillus is a small sea urchin with an oval, flattened body measuring up to 15 mm long. The calcite skeleton...  
Description Echinocyamus pusillus is a small sea urchin with an oval, flattened body measuring up to 15 mm long. The calcite skeleton is completely covered with fine short spines and coloured grey to greenish. Specimens become completely green when injured, a characteristic the species shares with some other sea urchin species. [details]

Distribution It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the south-western part of the Southern Bight. The species is absent from the...  
Distribution It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the south-western part of the Southern Bight. The species is absent from the Wadden Sea, the Delta area, the Voordelta, the Dutch coast and the Oyster Ground. [details]

Distribution Echinocyamus pusillus occurred outside the near-coastal zone in both periods. In the 1994-2001 period the species was...  
Distribution Echinocyamus pusillus occurred outside the near-coastal zone in both periods. In the 1994-2001 period the species was furthermore observed a number of times in the western coastal zone. Maximum density is 400 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124273 on 2018-02-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-09-25 21:07:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868) Costa, O. G. (1867). Monografia degli Echinociami viventi e fossili delle province Napolitane. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche. 3/14, 1-9., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015035459745;view=1up;seq=376
page(s): 4; pl. 1: fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868) Costa, O. G. (1867). Monografia degli Echinociami viventi e fossili delle province Napolitane. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche. 3/14, 1-9., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015035459745;view=1up;seq=376
page(s): 4-5; pl. 1: fig. 2 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 215-216 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofFibularia equina Aradas, 1850) Aradas, A. (1850-1955). Monografia degli Echinidi viventi e fossili di Sicilia. Parte 1a: Famiglia Spatanghi. Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania. Serie 2 6-10, 6 (1850): 53-96, 189-216., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33528#page/71/mode/1up
page(s): 203-205 [details]   

original description  (ofFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 17 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791) Gmelin J.F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 10. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5
page(s): 3 194 [details]   

original description  (ofSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 236 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEchinocyamus minimus Girard, 1850) Girard, C. 1850. Observations upon Planarian Worms, with descriptions of several new species of Echinoderms. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 3, 363-368; Erratum on p. 396., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/35741#page/371/mode/1up
page(s): 367-368 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812) Pennant, Thomas. (1812). British Zoology. A new edition in four volumes. vol IV. Class V. Crustacea. Class VI. Vermes. Wilkie & Robinson. London. xvi+379 pp. 95 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34933712
page(s): 140-141; pl. 38: figs 1-3 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

additional source Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofFibularia equina Aradas, 1850) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofFibularia equina Aradas, 1850) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofFibularia pusilla (O.F. Müller, 1776)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinocyamus minutus (Gmelin, 1791)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinocyamus tarentinus (Lamarck, 1816)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofClypeaster pulvinulus (Pennant, 1812)) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinocyamus minimus Girard, 1850) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

additional source  (ofSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

basis of record  (ofFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1948). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. 471 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 178-183 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Distribution Sublittoral to more than 200 m depth, in coarse sand and fine gravel, common all around British Isles [details]

From other sources
Biology E. pusillus has separate sexes and fertilization takes place externally. The breeding season is in the summer months. The larvae are pelagic. They are characterized by a body skeleton forming a basket-like structure (Mortensen, 1927; Fish & Fish, 1989).
E. pusillus is a deposit-feeding clypeasteroid. lts gut content includes sediment, remains of plants and bottom material (detritus), and infauna, especially foraminiferans. E. pusillus is eaten by fish, especially by dab and haddock (Mortensen, 1927; De Ridder & Lawrence, 1982; Fish & Fish, 1989). [details]

Breeding Echinopluteus larva. Summer - autumn [details]

Description Echinocyamus pusillus is a small sea urchin with an oval, flattened body measuring up to 15 mm long. The calcite skeleton is completely covered with fine short spines and coloured grey to greenish. Specimens become completely green when injured, a characteristic the species shares with some other sea urchin species. [details]

Distribution It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the south-western part of the Southern Bight. The species is absent from the Wadden Sea, the Delta area, the Voordelta, the Dutch coast and the Oyster Ground. [details]

Distribution Echinocyamus pusillus occurred outside the near-coastal zone in both periods. In the 1994-2001 period the species was furthermore observed a number of times in the western coastal zone. Maximum density is 400 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]

Habitat In the Dutch sector of the North Sea E. pusillus mainly occurs in the areas between 20 to 30 m of depth, in coarse to medium sand bottoms. [details]

Habitat Echinocyamus pusillus has a preference for medium to coarse-grained sand (median grain size: > 200 μm) and reaches an optimum in sediments with a median grain size of 500-550 μm (relative occurrence: 30%). The species furthermore prefers sediments with a low mud content (maximum 10%). [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Morphology E. pusillus has an oval, much flattened test of up to 15 mm in length. The test is covered with fine short spines and is greyish or greenish in colour. On preservation or when hurt it turns green, a character distinctive of all clypeasteroids (Mortensen, 1927; Southward, 1972; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch zeeboontje  [details]
English green urchingreen sea urchinbroad beau of sea  [details]
French fève de mer  [details]
German ZwergseeigelSchildigel  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål dvergsjømus  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk dvergsjømus  [details]
Portuguese papo-seco  [details]
Swedish dvärgsjöborre  [details]
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