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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
AphiaID: 124273

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuechinoidea (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrregularia (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeognathostomata (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeasteroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScutellina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaganiformes (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus pusillus (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus van Phelsum, 1774
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster pulvinulus (Pennant, 1812) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus angulosus Lütken, 1856 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus minimus Girard, 1850 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus minutus (Gmelin, 1791) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus parthenopaeus Costa, 1868 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus speciosus Costa, 1868 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus tarentinus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus minutus Gmelin, 1791 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Echinocyamus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia equina Aradas, 1850 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia pusilla (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Echinocyamus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibularia tarentina Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagus pusillus O.F. Müller, 1776 (transferred to Echinocyamus)
Sources  original description Müller O.F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis, xxii + 274 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details] [full text]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeeboontje  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen urchinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreen sea urchinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbroad beau of sea  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfève de mer  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZwergseeigelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchildigel  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvergsjømus  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvergsjømus  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpapo-seco  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvärgsjöborre  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Adriatic Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdriatic Sea [details]
Aegean Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegean Sea [details]
Central Mediterranean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentral Mediterranean [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevantine Basin [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWestern Mediterranean [details]
From other sources
Baelt Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelt Sea [details]
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic sea [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKoksijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCalais [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Iceland
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIceland [details]
Kattegat
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKattegat [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorÖresund [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Mediterranean part] [details]
Morocco
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCape Bojador [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorway [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Coast of Africa [details]
Sweden
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBohuslän [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIcelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Africa [details]
Feedingtypes  carnivore [details]
deposit feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (1 barcode) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (281 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (3 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Sublittoral to more than 200 m depth, in coarse sand and fine gravel, common all around British Isles [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology E. pusillus has separate sexes and fertilization takes place externally. The breeding season is in the summer months. The larvae are pelagic. They are characterized by a body skeleton forming a basket-like structure (Mortensen, 1927; Fish & Fish, 1989).
E. pusillus is a deposit-feeding clypeasteroid. lts gut content includes sediment, remains of plants and bottom material (detritus), and infauna, especially foraminiferans. E. pusillus is eaten by fish, especially by dab and haddock (Mortensen, 1927; De Ridder & Lawrence, 1982; Fish & Fish, 1989). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreeding Echinopluteus larva. Summer - autumn [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Echinocyamus pusillus is a small sea urchin with an oval, flattened body measuring up to 15 mm long. The calcite skeleton is completely covered with fine short spines and coloured grey to greenish. Specimens become completely green when injured, a characteristic the species shares with some other sea urchin species. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution It is dominant at the Cleaver Bank and in the south-western part of the Southern Bight. The species is absent from the Wadden Sea, the Delta area, the Voordelta, the Dutch coast and the Oyster Ground. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Echinocyamus pusillus occurred outside the near-coastal zone in both periods. In the 1994-2001 period the species was furthermore observed a number of times in the western coastal zone. Maximum density is 400 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat In the Dutch sector of the North Sea E. pusillus mainly occurs in the areas between 20 to 30 m of depth, in coarse to medium sand bottoms. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Echinocyamus pusillus has a preference for medium to coarse-grained sand (median grain size: > 200 μm) and reaches an optimum in sediments with a median grain size of 500-550 μm (relative occurrence: 30%). The species furthermore prefers sediments with a low mud content (maximum 10%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology E. pusillus has an oval, much flattened test of up to 15 mm in length. The test is covered with fine short spines and is greyish or greenish in colour. On preservation or when hurt it turns green, a character distinctive of all clypeasteroids (Mortensen, 1927; Southward, 1972; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Picture of Echinocyamus pusillus
Picture of Echinocyamu...
Picture of Echinocyamus pusillus
Picture of Echinocyamu...
Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Echinocyamus pusillus ...
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124273
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Hansson, Hans
2010-09-25 21:07:08Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
  
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  Citation: Kroh, A. (2014). Echinocyamus pusillus. In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124273 on 2014-12-22
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