WoRMS source details

Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Acrocnida) brachiata (Montagu, 1804) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocnida brachiata (Montagu, 1804) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Ophiopeltis) securigera (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura incana Lyman, 1879 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) incana Lyman, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda placenta (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon bifida (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon petasus (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAslia lefevrei (Barrois, 1882) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina gibbosa (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina phylactica Emson & Crump, 1979 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster papposus (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster (Echinaster) sepositus (Retzius, 1783) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium flavescens (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium pennatifidum Norman, 1868 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus var. flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus var. mediterraneus Diakonov, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus var. norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGracilechinus acutus norvegicus (Düben & Koren, 1844) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus elegans Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGracilechinus elegans (Düben & Koren, 1844) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEkmania barthii (Troschel, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia oculata (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia perforata (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia pertusa (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia sanguinolenta (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Panningothuria) forskali Delle Chiaje, 1823 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax buskii (McIntosh, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax digitata (Montagu, 1815) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOestergrenia digitata (Montagu, 1815) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax media Östergren, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax thomsoni (Herapath, 1865) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOestergrenia thomsonii (Herapath, 1865) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptasterias (Leptasterias) muelleri (M. Sars, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptometra celtica (M'Andrew & Barrett, 1857) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta cruenta Cherbonnier, 1953 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta decaria (Östergren, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta galliennii (Herapath, 1865) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta minuta (Becher, 1906) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia ciliaris (Philippi, 1837) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsi Düben & Koren in Düben, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsii Düben & Koren in Düben, 1844 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesothuria intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus brunneus (Forbes in Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus planci (Brandt, 1835) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten affinis (Lütken, 1858) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila annulosa (M. Sars, 1859) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopsila aranea Forbes, 1843 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida Forbes, 1839 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura ophiura (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacucumaria hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanningia hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPawsonia saxicola (Brady & Robertson, 1871) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorania (Porania) pulvillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus phantapus (Strussenfelt, 1765) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolus squamatus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster militaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster pulvillus M. Sars, 1861 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhabdomolgus ruber Keferstein, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSolaster endeca (Linnaeus, 1771) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus purpureus O.F. Müller, 1776 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus raschi Lovén, 1869 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichastrella rosea (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus regalis (Cuvier, 1817) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParastichopus regalis (Cuvier, 1817) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus tremulus (Gunnerus) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParastichopus tremulus (Gunnerus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrongylocentrotus pallidus (Sars G.O., 1872) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone fusus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone inermis Heller, 1868 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone roscovita Hérouard, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium drummondii (Thompson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyonidium hyalinum (Forbes, 1841) (additional source)
Adriatic Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina phylactica Emson & Crump, 1979 
Arcachon Bay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax thomsoni (Herapath, 1865) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster papposus (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptasterias (Leptasterias) muelleri (M. Sars, 1846) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesothuria (Allantis) intestinalis (Ascanius, 1805) Östergren, 1896 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster militaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster pulvillus M. Sars, 1861 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSolaster endeca (Linnaeus, 1771) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Arctic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrongylocentrotus pallidus (Sars G.O., 1872) 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia oculata (Pennant, 1777) 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Panningothuria) forskali Delle Chiaje, 1823 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax digitata (Montagu, 1815) 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax thomsoni (Herapath, 1865) 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus brunneus (Forbes in Thompson, 1840) 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPawsonia saxicola (Brady & Robertson, 1871) 
Atlantic Coast of France for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone roscovita Hérouard, 1889 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda placenta (Pennant, 1777) 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon bifida (Pennant, 1777) 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina gibbosa (Pennant, 1777) 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsi Düben & Koren in Düben, 1844 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Azores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
Bay of Biscay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus regalis (Cuvier, 1817) 
Belfast Lough for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax thomsoni (Herapath, 1865) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Acrocnida) brachiata (Montagu, 1804) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon bifida (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon bifida (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAslia lefevrei (Barrois, 1882) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina gibbosa (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster papposus (Linnaeus, 1767) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster (Echinaster) sepositus (Retzius, 1783) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium flavescens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium pennatifidum Norman, 1868 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia oculata (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia oculata (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia oculata (Pennant, 1777) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidoplax digitata (Montagu, 1815) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptasterias (Leptasterias) muelleri (M. Sars, 1846) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptasterias (Leptasterias) muelleri celtica A.M. Clark in Clark & Downey, 1992 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptometra celtica (M'Andrew & Barrett, 1857) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptopentacta elongata (Düben & Koren, 1846) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta bergensis (Östergren, 1905) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeptosynapta inhaerens (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia ciliaris (Philippi, 1837) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia ciliaris (Philippi, 1837) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsi Düben & Koren in Düben, 1844 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopentadactyla mixta (Östergren, 1898) Deichmann, 1944 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus brunneus (Forbes in Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus brunneus (Forbes in Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus brunneus (Forbes in Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus lacteus (Forbes & Goodsir, 1839) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocten affinis (Lütken, 1858) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeltis securigera Düben & Koren, 1846 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida Forbes, 1839 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura ophiura (Linnaeus, 1758) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacucumaria hyndmani (Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPawsonia saxicola (Brady & Robertson, 1871) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPawsonia saxicola (Brady & Robertson, 1871) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorania (Porania) pulvillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorania (Porania) pulvillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorania (Porania) pulvillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) 
British Isles for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudothyone raphanus (Düben & Koren, 1846) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

(Forbes M.S. in Thompson, 1840) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

(Gunnerus, 1767) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Ayres, 1851 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Koren, 1844 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

M. Sars, 1861 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Auricularia larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Auricularia larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Auricularia larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Barrel - shaped, red larvae. Early spring [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Bipinnaria larva. Summer. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Bipinnaria larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Bipinnaria larva. Winter-spring. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Brachiolaria larva. Spring. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Brood young under membrane [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Broods young in spring [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Broods young. Spring [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Can reproduce by fission [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Direct development? Winter [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Doliolaria larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Doliolaria larva. Spring [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Doliolatia larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer - autumn [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Early sumer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Spring to autumn [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. January to May [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. February to May [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Eggs released, larvae not known. Juveniles of the Arctic species G. eucnemis are known to live on, or in, the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Eggs, attached to genital pinnules, hatch to barrel-shaped ciliated larva; settlement stage is pentacrinoid. All ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Eggs, shed freely, larvae and pentacrinoid as in A. bifida[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Hermaphrodite, possibly self-fertilising, viviparous. May-September? [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Hermaphrodite. Planktonic brachiloraia larva. Spring - summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Large eggs, probable direct development [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Large eggs, probably direct development [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Large eggs. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Large eggs; non-pelagic development [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Large eggs; probably direct development [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Large red eggs. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Lecithotrophic, probaly planktonic larva. Spring [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Mature early summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Mature in summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Non-feeding barrel-shaped red larva. February - March [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Spring - Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. April-May [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Autumn. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Ophipluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Planktonic bipinnaria and brachilaria larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Probably involves planktonic larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Probably involving planktonic larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Probably ophiopluteus larva [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Probably planktonic larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Protandrous hermaphrodite; eggs are laid in creviices, but are not brooded. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Simultaneous hermaphrodite. Eggs are laid in masses and are brooded for three weeks under the humped body. May-June. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Viviparous, can contain several developing young [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Yolky eggs, probably direct development [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Yolky eggs, probably direct development [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Breeding

Yolky eggs. Spring [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

20 to more than 200 m depth, in muddy sand and fine gravel, Irish Sea, Clyde and North Sea [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

20 to more than 200 m depth, in muddy sand and fine gravel, Irish Sea, Clyde and North Sea [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

4 to 20 m depth, in coarse sand, near Helgoland in the southern North Sea (Menker, 1970). The type specimen was ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

40 to 70 m, in muddy sand, northern North Sea; reported from the Isle of Man, 2 m depth [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

A deep water species, found occasionally between 100 and 200 m near the edge of the continental shelf to the west ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At 10 m in fine glutinous black mud in Strangford Lough, Nnorthern Ireland, also found in mud and shell gravel at ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At 20 to 30 m depth, crevice-living; apparently rare, found near Plymouth (Devon), Galway (Ireland) and Les ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At about 10 to 20 m depth, in sand, Galway Bay (Ireland) and Plymouth (southwest England); probably overlooked elsewhere [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At about 20 m depth in muddy sand or fine gravel; Isle of Man, Galway, probably overlooked elsewhere [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At about 50 m depth, on sand, apparently rather rare in the Western English Channel, reported from the Isle of Man ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At depths of 10 to more than 20 m, in soft sediments with shell gravel, all round the Britsh Isles, except perhaps ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At depths of more than 100 m, on sand and gravel, off northern and western coasts of the British Isles [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At more than 150 m depth, on mud or muddy sand, near the edge of the continental shelf, off western Ireland [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

At the edge of the continental shelf in depths of 130 m to 200 m, to the west of Ireland and around Shetland [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Common on the lower shore and sublittoral region of the northern coast of British Isles and down to at least 100 m ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Deeper than 200 m, on stones and gravel. Vars flemingii and norvegicus occur in the western Channel, off western ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Epifaunal on soft sediments in Carlingford Lough, Irish east coast; otherwise uncertain because of confusion with ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Found at about 30 m depth, burrowing in sand, near Plymouth and in werstern Ireland, probably overlooked elsewhere [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Found in 115 - 120 m depth near the Shetlands and off western Ireland [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From 10 to more than 200 m depth, buried in sand or muddy san, around the wstern coats of the British Isles, from ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From 5 to more than 200 m depth, in muddy sand or mud, all round the British Isles, except, possibly, the southeast [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From 50 to more than 200 m depth, on mud, off western Ireland and western Scotland, including the Minch and the Clyde [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From about 10 to more than 200 m depth, common on sand, muddy sand and fine gravel, all round the British Isles [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal to nearly 200 m depth, on rock and gravel, on west and southwest coasts of the British Isles, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal to about 50 m depth, on rocks or stones, with a preference for vertical faces; common around ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal to more than 200 m depth, mainly on coarse sand and gravel, all round the British Isles [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal to more than 200 m depth, among rocks, stones and seaweed; northern Scotland, Orkeny, Shetland and ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal to 50 m depth, typical of the algal zone. British distribution not completely known, but it ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal to more than 200 m depth, on shell or gravel grounds, S. pallidus tends to live within the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal, down to more than 200 m depth, on rocky and stony shores and offshore rough grounds, Scotland, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From low intertidal, but mainly in the sublittoral zone, down to 40 m depth, occasionally deeper, on rocks, stones ... [details]