WoRMS taxon details

Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768)

124043  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124043)

accepted
Species
Asterias johnstoni Gray in Johnston, 1836 (Synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Astrogonium phrygianum (Parelius, 1768) (subsequent name by Muller & Troschel, 1842)
Goniaster abbensis Forbes, 1843 (Synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Goniaster equestris (Linnaeus, 1758) (A synonym according to Muller & Troschel (1842))
Goniaster phrygianus (Parelius, 1768) (subsequent name used by Norman 1865: 123)
Hippasteria aleutica Clark & Jewett, 2011 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961 (Subspecies according to Downey in Clark & Downey (1992))
Hippasteria colossa Djakonov, 1950 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria cornuta Gray, 1840 (synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Hippasteria derjungini Djakonov, 1950 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria europaea Gray, 1840 (synonym of Astrogonium (=Hippasteria) phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) according to Muller & Troschel, 1842)
Hippasteria johnstoni (Gray, 1836) (synonym according to Muller and Troschel (1842))
Hippasteria kurilensis Fisher, 1911 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria mammifera Djakonov, 1950 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria pedicellaris Djakonov, 1950 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria phrygiana argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria phrygiana phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria plana Gray, 1840 (synonym according to Mortensen (1927))
Hippasteria spinosa Verrill, 1909 (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 (A forma according to Downey in Clark & Downey (1992))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Parelius, J. (1768). Beskrivelse over Nogle Korstrold. <em>Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Skrifter.</em> 4: 423–428, pl. 14.
page(s): 425 [details]   
Distribution In depths of 20 to more than 200 m; rather rare off the northeast coast, as far south as Yorkshire, in the central North...  
Distribution In depths of 20 to more than 200 m; rather rare off the northeast coast, as far south as Yorkshire, in the central North Sea, off the Shetland Islands and NW Ireland. [details]

Distribution Arctic to Cape Cod   
Distribution Arctic to Cape Cod  [details]
Mah, C.L. (2019). World Asteroidea Database. Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124043 on 2019-10-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-11-08 11:26:04Z
checked
2008-12-14 04:28:08Z
changed
2010-02-13 05:01:06Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Parelius, J. (1768). Beskrivelse over Nogle Korstrold. <em>Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Skrifter.</em> 4: 423–428, pl. 14.
page(s): 425 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria plana Gray, 1840) Gray, J.E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (<i>Asterias</i>, Linnaeus). <em>Annals of the Magazine of Natural History.</em> 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria (Nehippasteria) insignis Dons, 1937) Dons, C. (1937). Zoologische Notizen XXXIV. <i>Hippasteria insignis</i> n. sp. <em>Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Forhandlinger.</em> 10: 16–19.
page(s): 16 [details]   

original description  (of Asterias equestris Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Astrogonium aculeatum Barrett, 1857) Barrett, L. (1857). Descriptions of four new species of Echinodermata. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 2nd series, vol. 20: 46-48., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2365677#page/60/mode/1up
page(s): 47 [details]   

original description  (of Goniaster abbensis Forbes, 1843) Forbes, E. (1843). On a new British starfish of the genus <i>Goniaster</i>. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 11: 280, one plate., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2326446#page/304/mode/1up
page(s): 280 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria cornuta Gray, 1840) Gray, J.E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (<i>Asterias</i>, Linnaeus). <em>Annals of the Magazine of Natural History.</em> 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria europaea Gray, 1840) Gray, J.E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (<i>Asterias</i>, Linnaeus). <em>Annals of the Magazine of Natural History.</em> 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria insignis Dons, 1937) Dons, C. (1937). Zoologische Notizen XXXIV. <i>Hippasteria insignis</i> n. sp. <em>Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Forhandlinger.</em> 10: 16–19.
page(s): 16 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria phrygiana argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961) Bernasconi, I. (1961).Una nueva especie de asteroideo. Neotropica 7(22): 1-2.
page(s): 1 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926) Clark, H. L. (1926). VII. Echinoderms from the South African Fisheries & Marine Biological Survey-pt. 2. <em>Sea-stars (Asteroidea). Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa.</em> 4: 1-33.
page(s): 13 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926) Clark, H. L. (1926). VII. Echinoderms from the South African Fisheries & Marine Biological Survey-pt. 2. <em>Sea-stars (Asteroidea). Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa.</em> 4: 1-33.
page(s): 13 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria hyadesi Perrier, 1891) Perrier, E. (1891). Echinoderma I. Stellérides. Mission Scientifique du Cap Horn, 1882-83. 6.Zoologie (3), Paris. 1-198 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34621706
page(s): K.128 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961) Bernasconi, I. (1961).Una nueva especie de asteroideo. Neotropica 7(22): 1-2.
page(s): 1 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria colossa Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 46 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria derjungini Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 46 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria kurilensis Fisher, 1911) Fisher, W.K. (1911). Asteroidea of the North Pacific and adjacent waters. 1. Phanerozonia and Spinulosida. Bulletin of the US National Museum, 76: xiii+420 pp.122 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7840387 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria mammifera Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria pedicellaris Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria spinosa Verrill, 1909) Verrill, A.E. (1909). Description of new genera and species of starfishes from the North Pacific coast of America. American Journal of Science 28: 59-70., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40247723
page(s): 63 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria trojana Fell, 1958) Fell, H. B. (1958). Deep-sea echinoderms of New Zealand. <em>Zoology Publications from Victoria University of Wellington.</em> 24: 1-40., available online at http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-Vic24Zool.html
page(s): 11 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Hippasteria leiopelta armata Fisher, 1911) Fisher, W.K. (1911). Asteroidea of the North Pacific and adjacent waters. 1. Phanerozonia and Spinulosida. Bulletin of the US National Museum, 76: xiii+420 pp.122 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7840387
page(s): 230 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria aleutica Clark & Jewett, 2011) Clark, R.N. and Jewett, S.C. 2011. A new sea star of the genus <i>Hippasteria</i> (Asteroidea; Goniasteridae) from the Aleutian Islands. <i>Zootaxa</i> 2963: 48-54., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/2/zt02963p054.pdf [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gosner, 1977 [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Rowe, F. W. E.; Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. <em>In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia'.</em> 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne). [details]   

additional source Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mah, C.L.; McKnight, D.G.; Eagle, M.K.; Pawson, D.L.; Améziane, N.; Vance, D.J.; Baker, A.N.; Clark, H.E.S.; Davey, N. (2009). Phylum Echinodermata: sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sea lilies. In: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 371-400. [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Breeding Large yolky eggs. Larva not known. [details]

Distribution In depths of 20 to more than 200 m; rather rare off the northeast coast, as far south as Yorkshire, in the central North Sea, off the Shetland Islands and NW Ireland. [details]

Distribution Arctic to Cape Cod  [details]

Habitat bathyal and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]
 

LanguageName 
German knotiger Seestern  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål prakstsjøstjerne [from synonym]knuddersjøstjerne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk prakstsjøstjerne [from synonym]knuddersjøstjerne  [details]
Swedish hästsjöstjärna  [details]
USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

Hippasteria spinosa
 Hippasteria spinosa
[image from synonym]

To CSIRO Marine Invertebrate Image Collection (MIIC-03244): Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768)
To CSIRO Marine Inv...
[hosted externally]

To CSIRO Marine Invertebrate Image Collection (MIIC-03245): Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768)
To CSIRO Marine Inv...
[hosted externally]

To MNHN Type collection (IE-2014-78)
To MNHN Type collec...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria hyadesi Perrier (USNM E43921) arm, ventral view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria hyadesi Perrier (USNM E43921) ventral view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria trojana (1) E13768)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria trojana E13768)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 080308)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]