WoRMS source details

Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.)
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Acanthaster echinites (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Acanthaster mauritiensis de Loriol, 1885 accepted as Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Acanthocidaris Mortensen, 1903 (basis of record)
Acanthocidaris curvatispinis (Bell, 1892) (additional source)
Acanthocidaris maculicollis (de Meijere, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Acaudina Clark, 1908 (basis of record)
Acaudina leucoprocta (H.L. Clark, 1938) (basis of record)
Actinometra distincta Carpenter, 1888 accepted as Phanogenia distincta (Carpenter, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Actinometra maculata Carpenter, 1888 accepted as Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) (source of synonymy)
Actinopyga bannwarthi Panning, 1944 (basis of record)
Actinopyga plebeja (Selenka, 1867) accepted as Actinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) (source of synonymy)
Alecto palmata Müller, 1841 accepted as Lamprometra palmata (Müller, 1841) (source of synonymy)
Allostichaster Verrill, 1914 (additional source)
Amblypneustes pulchellus (H.L. Clark, 1928) (new combination reference)
Amphimetra AH Clark, 1909 (additional source)
Amphimetra molleri (AH Clark, 1908) (additional source)
Amphimetra nematodon (Hartlaub, 1890) accepted as Heterometra nematodon (Hartlaub, 1890) (basis of record)
Amphimetra spectabilis AH Clark, 1918 (additional source)
Amphiodia Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Amphiophiura Matsumoto, 1915 (additional source)
Amphioplus depressa (Ljungman, 1867) accepted as Amphioplus (Lymanella) depressus (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Amphioplus impressa (Ljungman, 1867) accepted as Amphioplus (Amphichilus) impressus (Ljungman, 1867) (additional source)
Amphioplus lucidus Koehler, 1922 represented as Amphioplus (Amphioplus) lucidus Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Amphiura Forbes, 1843 (additional source)
Amphiura duncani Lyman, 1882 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) duncani Lyman, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Antedon afra Hartlaub, 1890 accepted as Tropiometra afra (Hartlaub, 1890) (additional source)
Antedon parviflora (AH Clark, 1912) (additional source)
Antedon pinniformis Carpenter, 1881 accepted as Amphimetra pinniformis (Carpenter, 1881) (basis of record)
Antedon serripinna Carpenter, 1881 accepted as Oligometra serripinna (Carpenter, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Antedon spicata Carpenter, 1881 accepted as Stephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) (source of synonymy)
Aphelodactyla irania Heding, 1940 accepted as Acaudina leucoprocta (H.L. Clark, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Aporometra HL Clark, 1938 (additional source)
Aporometra occidentalis HL Clark, 1938 (additional source)
Aporometra paedophora (HL Clark, 1909) (additional source)
Aporometra wilsoni (Bell, 1888) (additional source)
Aporometridae HL Clark, 1938 (additional source)
Araeosoma Mortensen, 1903 (additional source)
Aspidodiadema A. Agassiz, 1878 (additional source)
Asterias cylindricus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Ophidiaster cylindricus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Dactylosaster cylindricus (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Asterias milleporella Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Fromia milleporella (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Asterias obtusangula Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Oreaster obtusangulus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Pseudoreaster obtusangulus (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Asterias planci Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Asterina coronata von Martens, 1866 accepted as Aquilonastra coronata (von Martens, 1866) (basis of record)
Asteroceras Lyman, 1879 accepted as Astroceras Lyman, 1879 (basis of record)
Asteroceras pleiades Baker, 1980 accepted as Astroceras pleiades Baker, 1980 (basis of record)
Asterometra AH Clark, 1907 (additional source)
Asterometra acerba AH Clark, 1909 accepted as Asterometra anthus AH Clark, 1907 (additional source)
Asterometra anthus AH Clark, 1907 (additional source)
Asterometra mirifica AH Clark, 1909 (additional source)
Asterometridae Gislén, 1924 (additional source)
Asteronyx Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Asterope Müller & Troschel, 1840 accepted as Asteropsis Müller & Troschel, 1840 (basis of record)
Asteroschema Örstedt & Lütken in Lütken, 1856 (additional source)
Asthenosoma Grube, 1868 (additional source)
Astroboa granulatus (H.L. Clark, 1938) (additional source)
Astroboa nigra Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Astrocladus granulatus H.L. Clark, 1938 accepted as Astroboa granulatus (H.L. Clark, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Astrogonium Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Goniaster L. Agassiz, 1836 (additional source)
Astropecten monacanthus Sladen, 1883 (basis of record)
Astropecten phragmorus Fisher, 1913 accepted as Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Astropecten velitaris von Martens, 1865 (basis of record)
Astrophiura Sladen, 1879 (basis of record)
Astrophyton nudum Lyman, 1874 accepted as Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Astrothamnus papillatus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (source of synonymy)
Astrothorax Döderlein, 1911 (basis of record)
Astrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (additional source)
Austrometra thetidis (HL Clark, 1911) (additional source)
Bathyplotes moseleyi (Théel, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Bohadschia graeffei (Semper, 1868) accepted as Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Bollonaster pectinatus (Sladen, 1883) (basis of record)
Breynia Desor in Agassiz & Desor, 1847 (basis of record)
Brissopsis L. Agassiz, 1840 (additional source)
Brissopsis luzonicus (Gray, 1851) accepted as Brissopsis luzonica (Gray, 1851) (basis of record)
Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) (additional source)
Brissus Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Brissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Brissus unicolor (Leske, 1778) (additional source)
Caenopedina A. Agassiz, 1869 (additional source)
Capillaster asterias AH Clark, 1931 (basis of record)
Capillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Capillaster sentosa (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) (additional source)
Caymanostella Belyaev, 1974 (additional source)
Cenolia AH Clark, 1916 (basis of record)
Cenolia spanoschistum (HL Clark, 1916) (additional source)
Cenolia tasmaniae (AH Clark, 1918) (additional source)
Cenolia trichoptera (Müller, 1846) (additional source)
Cenometra AH Clark, 1911 (basis of record)
Ceramaster Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Ceramaster patagonicus (Sladen, 1889) (basis of record)
Charitometra AH Clark, 1907 (basis of record)
Charitometra basicurva (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Charitometridae AH Clark, 1909 (additional source)
Chiridota dubia Semper, 1867 accepted as Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Chiridota incongrua Semper, 1867 accepted as Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Chiridota panaensis Semper, 1867 accepted as Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Chiridota rufescens Brandt, 1835 accepted as Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Chondrocloea Östergren, 1898 accepted as Synaptula Örstedt, 1849 (basis of record)
Choriaster granulatus Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Abrolhos Archipelago for Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) 
Aldabra for Ophiarachnella macracantha H.L. Clark, 1909 
Arafura Sea for Homalometra denticulata (Carpenter, 1888) 
Ashmore Reef for Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Ashmore Reef for Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Ashmore Reef for Clarkcomanthus littoralis (Carpenter, 1888) 
Ashmore Reef for Comanthus suavia Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Ashmore Reef for Heterometra sarae AH Clark, 1941 
Ashmore Reef for Himerometra robustipinna (Carpenter, 1881) 
Ashmore Reef for Oxycomanthus exilis Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Australia for Zygometra microdiscus (Bell, 1882) 
Bass Strait for Cenolia benhami (AH Clark, 1916) 
Bass Strait for Cenolia tasmaniae (AH Clark, 1918) 
Bass Strait for Cenolia trichoptera (Müller, 1846) 
Bird Island for Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) 
Bluff Island for Oxycomanthus exilis Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Bohol for Metalia dicrana H.L. Clark, 1917 
Darwin for Himerometra magnipinna AH Clark, 1908 
Double Island Point for Heterometra crenulata (Carpenter, 1882) 
Durban for Comanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) 
Elizabeth Reef for Oxycomanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) 
European waters (ERMS scope) for Fromia milleporella (Lamarck, 1816) 
European waters (ERMS scope) for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Fremantle for Amphimetra tessellata (Müller, 1841) 
Great Barrier Reef for Clarkcomanthus albinotus Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Great Barrier Reef for Clarkcomanthus luteofuscum (HL Clark, 1915) 
Great Barrier Reef for Comanthina nobilis (Carpenter, 1884) 
Great Barrier Reef for Oxycomanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) 
Great Barrier Reef for Oxycomanthus comanthipinna (Gislén, 1922) 
Great Barrier Reef for Oxycomanthus exilis Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Holothuria Banks for Amphimetra pinniformis (Carpenter, 1881) 
Indian Ocean for Echinus diadema Linnaeus, 1758 
Keeper Reef for Comissia pectinifer AH Clark, 1911 
Lady Musgrave Island for Himerometra robustipinna (Carpenter, 1881) 
Larantuka for Ophiocoma ternispina von Martens, 1870 
Lesser Sunda for Acanthocidaris maculicollis (de Meijere, 1904) 
Lizard Island (Queensland) for Comissia pectinifer AH Clark, 1911 
Lizard Island (Queensland) for Himerometra persica AH Clark, 1907 
Lizard Island (Queensland) for Oxycomanthus mirus Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Lord Howe Island for Cenolia glebosus Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Luzon for Nardoa tuberculata Gray, 1840 
Malay Archipelago for Porocidaris maculicollis De Meijere, 1904 
Mauritius for Acanthocidaris curvatispinis (Bell, 1892) 
Mauritius for Actinopyga mauritiana (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Mauritius for Asterina wega Valenciennes (MS) in Perrier, 1869 
Mauritius for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Mauritius for Echinaster sladeni de Loriol, 1893 
Mauritius for Leiaster leachi (Gray, 1840) 
Mauritius for Leiaster leachi (Gray, 1840) 
Mauritius for Valvaster striatus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Monte Bello Islands for Heterometra crenulata (Carpenter, 1882) 
New Guinea for Amphimetra pinniformis (Carpenter, 1881) 
New Year Island for Comatella stelligera (Carpenter, 1888) 
Norfolk Island for Cenolia spanoschistum (HL Clark, 1916) 
Norfolk Island for Comissia norfolkensis McKnight, 1977 
North West Cape for Clarkcomanthus luteofuscum (HL Clark, 1915) 
Northern Territory for Himerometra magnipinna AH Clark, 1908 
Northern Territory for Homalometra denticulata (Carpenter, 1888) 
Papua New Guinean Exclusive Economic Zone for Comanthus suavia Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986 
Papua New Guinean Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Port Denison for Daidalometra arachnoides (AH Clark, 1909) 
Port Gregory for Clarkcomanthus albinotus Rowe, Hoggett, Birtles & Vail, 1986  (doubtful)
Port Hedland for Capillaster asterias AH Clark, 1931 
Port Phillip Bay for Aporometra wilsoni (Bell, 1888) 
Port Walcott for Comaster multifidus (Müller, 1841) 
Prince of Wales Channel for Actinometra maculata Carpenter, 1888 
Queensland for Heterometra crenulata (Carpenter, 1882) 
Queensland for Heterometra nematodon (Hartlaub, 1890) 
Queensland for Heterometra quinduplicava (Carpenter, 1888) 
Red Sea for Amphioplus personatus (Koehler, 1905) 
Red Sea for Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Red Sea for Fromia monilis (Perrier, 1869) 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Theelothuria) hamata Pearson, 1913 
Red Sea for Ophiothrix triloba von Martens, 1870 
Reunion for Keraiaphorus maillardi Michelin, 1862 
Rodriguez for Stephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) 
Rodriguez for Stephanometra indica (Smith, 1876) 
Rowley Shoals for Oxycomanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) 
Scott Reef for Oxycomanthus bennetti (Müller, 1841) 
Somalia for Plesiocolochirus dispar (Lampert, 1889) 
South Africa (country) for Alecto wahlbergii Müller, 1843 
Swain Reefs for Amphimetra tessellata (Müller, 1841) 
Tasmania for Cenolia benhami (AH Clark, 1916) 
Tasmania for Cenolia tasmaniae (AH Clark, 1918) 
Tasmania for Cenolia trichoptera (Müller, 1846) 
West Australia for Culcitaster anamesus H.L. Clark, 1914 
West Indian Ocean for Macrophthalmus (Chaenostoma) boscii Audouin, 1826 
West Indian Ocean for Ophiarachnella macracantha H.L. Clark, 1909 
West Indian Ocean for Ophiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 
Zamboanga for Comaster distinctus (Carpenter, 1888) 
Holotype ZMLU, identified as Comatula (Comatula) pectinata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Holotype, identified as Ptilometra australis (Wilton, 1843)
Holotype ZMUC 1-61 [318], identified as Heterometra sarae AH Clark, 1941
Holotype ZMH 168-187 [185], identified as Heterometra nematodon (Hartlaub, 1890)
Holotype NNM 173-217 [175, 180], identified as Amphimetra pinniformis (Carpenter, 1881)
Holotype 179-189 [184], identified as Amphimetra tessellata (Müller, 1841)
Holotype BMNH 1881.10.26.151, identified as Zygometra microdiscus (Bell, 1882)
Holotype BMNH 1881.10.26.212, identified as Zygometra elegans (Bell, 1882)
Syntype BM 1884.11.12.7 (2), 1887.12.6.11 (6), 1893.7.8.8-10 (3), identified as Aporometra wilsoni (Bell, 1888)
Holotype BMNH 1888.11.9.29, identified as Homalometra denticulata (Carpenter, 1888)
Lectotype BMNH 1888.11.9.4, identified as Eudiocrinus semperi Carpenter, 1882
Holotype BMNH 1888.11.9.89, identified as Heterometra quinduplicava (Carpenter, 1888)
Holotype BM 1890.5.7.440, locality Arafura Sea, identified as Paragonaster ctenipes Sladen, 1889
Holotype ZMH 2287, identified as Tropiometra afra (Hartlaub, 1890)
Holotype USNM 25440, identified as Himerometra magnipinna AH Clark, 1908
Holotype MCZ 291, identified as Himerometra persica AH Clark, 1907
Holotype ZMH 487-526 [507], identified as Heterometra crenulata (Carpenter, 1882)
Holotype MCZ 964, identified as Aporometra occidentalis HL Clark, 1938
Holotype AM AM E6302, identified as Comatula (Comatula) cratera HL Clark, 1916
Syntype MNHN ECCH 13, identified as Ptilometra macronema (Müller, 1846)
Holotype ZSIC IM, identified as Zygometra andromeda AH Clark, 1912
Holotype AM J 8480, identified as Aporometra paedophora (HL Clark, 1909)
Syntype MNHN MNHN EcCS1008, identified as Comatula (Validia) rotalaria Lamarck, 1816
 Authority

Cherbonnier (1952) cites (Quoy & Gaimard) as authority - Quoy & Gaimard and Jaeger seemed to have published ... [details]

 Authority

L. Agassiz, 1846 as author in Clark & Rowe (1971). In Subgenus (Fibularia) Lamarck, 1816. Lectotype Muséum ... [details]

 Authority

Ljungman, 1867 in Cherbonnier & Guille (1978). [details]

 Authority

Sometimes referred to Lütken in Agassiz (1872) (e.g. by Rowe & Gates 1995, p. 249) due to the fact that Agassiz ... [details]

 Depth range

0-109 m. [details]

 Depth range

0-12 m. [details]

 Depth range

2-32 m. [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)). Ecology: benthic, inshore. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan and South ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, norh Australia, Philippine, China ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippines, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954), Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995), Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Guam, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Andaman Is. (Sastry, 1997); Arabian Sea (presumed to be from ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Onotoa Atoll (Clark, 1954); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). General ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Maldive Islands, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, China, south ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East indies, north Australia, Philippines, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf and Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian ... [details]

 Description

Also from the Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940). [details]

 Description

Appearance in life: shaggy, orange-brown above, light red band of tube feet about half the width of sole running ... [details]

 Description

Arm length to 20 mm, disc diameter to 6 mm. Similar to Ophiochaeta hirsuta, but genus instantly recognisable by ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: background blue-green with deep blue markings, deep fawn with brown markings or pale fawn with ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: burgundy with irregular white flecking (Sloan et al., 1979 ). Also distributed in Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: dark grey-green dorsal surface with paler irregular patches on disc and pale bands on arms ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep purple above, much paler below (Sloan et al., 1979). Also distributed in Saipan, New ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: pale flesh tone with large brick-red patches, especially proximally, arm tips black (Sloan et al., ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: red on pink or grey background, furrow spines white with pink tube feet juveniles mottled ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: the shiny skin uniform burgundy (Sloan et al., 1979). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: tubercles yellow with orange tips, papular areas blue-grey with paulae green; remainder of aboral ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: variable, from harlequin deep purple, red orange and pink with orange yellow tips to arms, through ... [details]

 Description

Colour: Disc patterned with gray, yellow and white; arms with dark longitudinal lines. Description: disc diameter 25 ... [details]

 Description

Coulour in life: very variable with predominant colour ranging from black to fawn. This may pale progressively ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 4 cm, disc diameter to 9 mm. Disc completely covered with granules, otherwise similar to ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 30 cm, disc diameter to 6 cm. Characteristic high tubercules on dorsal side of disc and ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 40 mm, disc diameter to 8 mm. Disc scales bearing granules. Disc variable in colour from ... [details]

 Description

Description: body rather narrower in its anterior half. Uniformly brown, but a clear ring is around the small ... [details]

 Description

Description: five arms; superomarginal plates paxilliform, not distinguishable from the abactinal plates; oral ... [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, western Indian Ocean (Mascarene Is.), west Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: Usually found concealed under rock or in narrow crevices (Thandar, 1990). Also distributed in SE Arabia, ... [details]

 Description

The genus is mainly tropical, but occurs southward to South Africa and the Australian seas, and northward to ... [details]

 Description

This species in known from the East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, suspension feeder. General ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Seleo Island (Clark, 1954); east Indies, north australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Indo-Pacific, East Indies (Pearson, 1910). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995; East Indies and Philippines (Clark & Rowe (1971)). Ecology: ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in SE Arabia, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Samoa (Clark, 1954); East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995) and in New Guinea, Tonga Islands and Ceylon (Chadwick, 1908) . ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954); Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Tuamotus, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954; Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, Philippines, china and south Japan (Clark & Rowe (1971)); Australia ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, detritus ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in bay of Bengal, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, north Australia and Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in north Australia in Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Seleo Island, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Philippine Islands, S Japan, Caroline Islands (A.M. Clark, 1993 ); East Indies, Philippine, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Salomon (Clark, 1911); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe (1971)); ... [details]

 Distribution

Also recorded from Sandwich Is. (Selenka, 1867). [details]

 Distribution

Also recorded from the Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940). [details]

 Distribution

Also reported from Philippines, south-east Australia (A.M. Clark, 1974); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: ... [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, & NW of Port Hedland, WA, Australia; Depth range: 0-103 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lizard I. to Bushy I., QLD, Australia; Depth range: 0-55 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lord Howe I., Tasman Sea; Murray Is. to Swain Reefs, QLD, Australia; Depth range: 0-?130 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lord Howe I., Tasman Sea; Houtman Abrolhos, WA, to Tweed River, NSW, Australia; Depth range: ... [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lizard I. to Britomart Reef, QLD, Australia; Depth range: 0-40 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Houtman Abrolhos, WA, to Darwin, NT, Australia; Depth Range: 0-27 m  [details]