WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia hardwicki (Gray, 1840)

213113 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213113)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia forficifer Sladen, 1889 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1953))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetalaster hardwicki Gray, 1840) Gray, J. E. (1840). XXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 6: 175-184., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19590#page/207/mode/1up
page(s): 183 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description: five arms; superomarginal plates...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description: five arms; superomarginal plates paxilliform, not distinguishable from the abactinal plates; oral plates with 4-5 bivalves pedicellariae (Sastry, 1995).
Habitat: sandy areas often burrowing into the surface (Sastry, 1995).
Also distributed in Se Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); India (West Bengal), Tamil Nadu and Maharashira (Sastry, 1995).
General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, depth range 8-220 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995; Sastry, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Mah, C. (2008). Luidia hardwicki. In: Mah, C.L. (2017). World Asteroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213113 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-26 07:19:20Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-10-08 05:13:24Z
changed

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original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetalaster hardwicki Gray, 1840) Gray, J. E. (1840). XXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 6: 175-184., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19590#page/207/mode/1up
page(s): 183 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia forficifer Sladen, 1889) Sladen, W.P. (1889). Report on the Asteroidea. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, Zoology. 30(51): xlii + 893 pages 118 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18948
page(s): 258 [details]   

basis of record Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

additional source Mah, C.L.; McKnight, D.G.; Eagle, M.K.; Pawson, D.L.; Améziane, N.; Vance, D.J.; Baker, A.N.; Clark, H.E.S.; Davey, N. (2009). Phylum Echinodermata: sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sea lilies. In: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 371-400. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gray, J. E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals of the Magazine of Natural History. 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Wai, T. C., Ng, W. C., Leung, K. M. Y. & Williams, G. A. (2011). Stock and ecological status of echinoderms in Hong Kong: evaluation of effectiveness of marine protected areas using sea urchins as model organism. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description: five arms; superomarginal plates paxilliform, not distinguishable from the abactinal plates; oral plates with 4-5 bivalves pedicellariae (Sastry, 1995).
Habitat: sandy areas often burrowing into the surface (Sastry, 1995).
Also distributed in Se Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); India (West Bengal), Tamil Nadu and Maharashira (Sastry, 1995).
General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, depth range 8-220 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995; Sastry, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Indian Ocean. Holotype in Natural History Museum, London (England) 1938.5.12.12 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]