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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835) 
AphiaID: 210999

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApodida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridotidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycheira (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycheira Clark, 1908
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota dubia Semper, 1867
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota incongrua Semper, 1867
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota panaensis Semper, 1867
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota rufescens Brandt, 1835
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiridota variabilis Semper, 1867
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChirodota vitiensis Gräffe in Semper, 1867
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFistularia fusca Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycheira fusca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (suppressed by ICZN Opinion 762)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycheira vitiensis (Semper, 1868)
Sources  basis of record Tortonese, E. (1980). Researches on the coast of Somalia. Littoral Echinodermata. Monitore zoologico italiano NS Supplemento XIII 5: 99-139. (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Comores
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorComores [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia (inaccurate[details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (11 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (1 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Habitat: Found buried in sand in the upper balanoid zone, ususally associated with Patinapta crosslandi Heding and the echiuran Ochetostoma caudex (Lampert) (Thandar, 1989). According to Clark, P. rufescens is very variable in colour, ranging from pale brown or purplish to red brown, deep brown, tending to be almost balck (Thandar, 1989).
General distribution: from the East Coast of Africa, up to South Africa to Easter Island and from Korea to Norhtern Australia and Fiji (Massin, 1996); from East Africa to Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, shallow waters (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark This is a very varied species, hence the number of synonyms. The variations lie not only in colouration and the number of tentacles, tentacle digits and polian vesicles, but also in the size of spicules (Thandar, 1989). Clark has proposed in 1963 to supress the name 'fusca', arguing that 'rufescens' was better known. Cherbonnier argues against this, indicating that the original holotype for fusca still exists, and that it had been redescribed in 1952 by himself. But Rowe & Gates, 1995 reject this statement.
Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Bonin Ils (as 'in insulis Bononsimensibus') (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Polycheira fusca
Polycheira fusca
[image from synonym]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:210999
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-22 11:53:36Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-29 07:24:43Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2010-10-14 14:30:08Z  checked  Paulay, Gustav
  
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  Citation: Paulay, G. (2014). Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=210999 on 2014-07-23
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