WoRMS taxon details

Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835)

210999  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:210999)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofChiridota rufescens Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Echinodermata ordo Holothurina. In: Prodromus Descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in Orbis Terrarum Circumnavigatione Observatorum. Fasc. I: 75 pps. Petropoli. pp. 42-62., available online at https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=9-KK6BsniXcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Prodromus+descriptionis+animalium&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizw_SfnKHVAhVIwbwKHafKCwYQ6AEILTAB#v=onepage&q=Prodromus%20descriptionis%20animalium&f=false [details]   
Description Habitat: Found buried in sand in the upper balanoid zone, ususally associated with Patinapta crosslandi Heding and the...  
Description Habitat: Found buried in sand in the upper balanoid zone, ususally associated with Patinapta crosslandi Heding and the echiuran Ochetostoma caudex (Lampert) (Thandar, 1989). According to Clark, P. rufescens is very variable in colour, ranging from pale brown or purplish to red brown, deep brown, tending to be almost balck (Thandar, 1989).
General distribution: from the East Coast of Africa, up to South Africa to Easter Island and from Korea to Norhtern Australia and Fiji (Massin, 1996); from East Africa to Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, shallow waters (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
WoRMS (2018). Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835). Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=210999 on 2018-02-25
Date
action
by
1997-02-22 11:53:36Z
created
2000-09-29 07:24:43Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-10-14 14:30:08Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofChiridota panaensis Semper, 1867) Semper, C. (1868). Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band. Holothurien. Hefte iv. and v: Unpaginated. [details]   

original description  (ofChiridota rufescens Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Echinodermata ordo Holothurina. In: Prodromus Descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in Orbis Terrarum Circumnavigatione Observatorum. Fasc. I: 75 pps. Petropoli. pp. 42-62., available online at https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=9-KK6BsniXcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Prodromus+descriptionis+animalium&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizw_SfnKHVAhVIwbwKHafKCwYQ6AEILTAB#v=onepage&q=Prodromus%20descriptionis%20animalium&f=false [details]   

original description  (ofChiridota incongrua Semper, 1867) Semper, C. (1868). Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band. Holothurien. Hefte iv. and v: Unpaginated. [details]   

original description  (ofChiridota variabilis Semper, 1867) Semper, C. (1868). Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band. Holothurien. Hefte iv. and v: Unpaginated. [details]   

original description  (ofChiridota dubia Semper, 1867) Semper, C. (1868). Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band. Holothurien. Hefte iv. and v: Unpaginated. [details]   

original description  (ofChirodota vitiensis Gräffe in Semper, 1867) Semper, C. (1868). Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. Zweiter Theil. Wissenschaftliche Resultate. Erster Band. Holothurien. Hefte iv. and v: Unpaginated. [details]   

original description  (ofFistularia fusca Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) Quoy, J.R.C.; Gaimard, J.P. (1834–1835). Voyage de découvertes de l’Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sur le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. J. Tastu, Paris. Zoologie, Mollusques. 3: 1-366 (1834), 367–954 (1835), atlas 107 pls. [details]   

basis of record Tortonese, E. (1980). Researches on the coast of Somalia. Littoral Echinodermata. Monitore zoologico italiano NS Supplemento XIII 5: 99-139. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Thandar, A.S. (1989). A study of two apodous holothurians from Southern Africa. S. Afr. Tydsk. Vir Wetenskap. 85: 451 - 454. [details]   

additional source Cherbonnier, G. (1952). Les Holothuries de Quoy et Gaimard. Mémoires de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, deuxième série = Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, tweede reeks, 44 Institut Royal des Sciences Naturellles de Belgique: Bruxelles. 50, III plates pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofPolycheira fusca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)) Cherbonnier, G. (1988). Echinodermes: Holothurides. Faune de Madagascar 70: 1-292. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofPolycheira fusca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)) Thandar, A.S. (1989). A study of two apodous holothurians from Southern Africa. S. Afr. Tydsk. Vir Wetenskap. 85: 451 - 454. [details]   

additional source  (ofPolycheira fusca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota panaensis Semper, 1867) Thandar, A.S. (1989). A study of two apodous holothurians from Southern Africa. S. Afr. Tydsk. Vir Wetenskap. 85: 451 - 454. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota panaensis Semper, 1867) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota dubia Semper, 1867) Thandar, A.S. (1989). A study of two apodous holothurians from Southern Africa. S. Afr. Tydsk. Vir Wetenskap. 85: 451 - 454. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota dubia Semper, 1867) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota variabilis Semper, 1867) Cherbonnier, G. (1988). Echinodermes: Holothurides. Faune de Madagascar 70: 1-292. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota variabilis Semper, 1867) Cherbonnier, G. (1952). Les Holothuries de Quoy et Gaimard. Mémoires de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, deuxième série = Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, tweede reeks, 44 Institut Royal des Sciences Naturellles de Belgique: Bruxelles. 50, III plates pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota incongrua Semper, 1867) Thandar, A.S. (1989). A study of two apodous holothurians from Southern Africa. S. Afr. Tydsk. Vir Wetenskap. 85: 451 - 454. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota incongrua Semper, 1867) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota rufescens Brandt, 1835) Thandar, A.S. (1989). A study of two apodous holothurians from Southern Africa. S. Afr. Tydsk. Vir Wetenskap. 85: 451 - 454. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChiridota rufescens Brandt, 1835) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Kei LWK. & Lau SCK. (1994). Baseline information survey of shelter island - a potential marine park. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture and Fisheries Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Habitat: Found buried in sand in the upper balanoid zone, ususally associated with Patinapta crosslandi Heding and the echiuran Ochetostoma caudex (Lampert) (Thandar, 1989). According to Clark, P. rufescens is very variable in colour, ranging from pale brown or purplish to red brown, deep brown, tending to be almost balck (Thandar, 1989).
General distribution: from the East Coast of Africa, up to South Africa to Easter Island and from Korea to Norhtern Australia and Fiji (Massin, 1996); from East Africa to Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, shallow waters (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Remark This is a very varied species, hence the number of synonyms. The variations lie not only in colouration and the number of tentacles, tentacle digits and polian vesicles, but also in the size of spicules (Thandar, 1989). Clark has proposed in 1963 to supress the name 'fusca', arguing that 'rufescens' was better known. Cherbonnier argues against this, indicating that the original holotype for fusca still exists, and that it had been redescribed in 1952 by himself. But Rowe & Gates, 1995 reject this statement.
Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Bonin Ils (as 'in insulis Bononsimensibus') (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Japanese ムラサキクルマナマコ  [details]
Polycheira fusca
 Polycheira fusca
[image from synonym]