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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
AphiaID: 124392

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuechinoidea (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrregularia (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtelostomata (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangoida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrissidina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLoveniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardiinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium Gray, 1825
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidetus cordatus (Pennant, 1777) (transferred to Echinocardium)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidetus kurtzii Girard, 1852 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidetus Kürtzii Girard, 1852 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidetus novae zealandiae Perrier, 1869 (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidetus novaezealandiae Perrier, 1869 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidetus zealandicus (Gray, 1851) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphidotus cordatus (Pennant, 1777) (misspelling & transferred to Echinocardium)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium australe Gray, 1851 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium caudatum (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatus (Pennant, 1777) (incorrect declination of species name)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium kurtzii (Girard, 1852) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium sebae Gray, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium stimpsonii A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium zealandicum Gray, 1851 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus cordatum Pennant, 1777 (transferred to Echinocardium)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus cordatus Pennant, 1777 (transferred to Echinocardium)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus arcuarius Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus cordatus (Pennant, 1777) (transferred to Echinocardium)
Sources  original description Pennant, T., (1777) British Zoology, vol. IV. Crustacea. Mollusca. Testacea: i-viii, 1-154, Plates 1-93. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127011
page(s): 236 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoririqi zemër i detit  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeeklitUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhartegel  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsea-potatoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorheart-urchin  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoroursin-coeurUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoroursin de sable  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkleiner Herzigel  [details]
Japanese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOkame-bunbuku  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsandsjømus  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsandsjømus  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorerizo corazón  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhjärtsjöborre  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Adriatic Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdriatic Sea [details]
Aegean Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegean Sea [details]
Central Mediterranean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentral Mediterranean [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevantine Basin [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWestern Mediterranean [details]
From other sources
Baelt Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelt Sea [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKoksijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLombardsijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEnglish Channel [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic Coast of France [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCalais [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Kattegat
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKattegat [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorÖresund [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Mediterranean part] [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeeland [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOosterschelde [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Cape (Norway) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Coast of Norway [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Sweden
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBohuslän [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom [details]
Wadden Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWadden Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBassian [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCape Howe [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCentral New Zealand [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChatham Island [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNortheastern New Zealand [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth New Zealand [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
grazer [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudanthessius sauvagei Canu, 1892 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicropontius ovoides Gooding, 1957 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (17 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (293 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (52 nucleotides; 27 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 0-230 m [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Breeding occurs in summer. The pelagic larvae are sometimes found in enormous quantities and likewise the young can be found in large amounts on the sediment surface. The growth rate of E. cordatum varies with the environment. It grows faster in shallow, sandy than in deep, muddy areas, possibly under the influence of temperature. The species can live for 10 to 20 years (Mortensen, 1927; Wolff, 1973; Fish & Fish, 1989; Rees & Dare, 1993).


Depending on the temperature, the species digs a few centimetres to about 20 cm deep into the sediment. A respiratory channel (chimney) leads from the hole to the surface and one or two sanitary drains are located horizontally behind the echinoid. The animal is isolated from the sediment by a mucus veil, which plasters the burrow. E. cordatum plays an important role in sediment bioturbation (Mortensen, 1927; De Ridder et al., 1987; Fish & Fish, 1989; Rees & Dare, 1993). E. cordatum is a non-selective deposit feeder. lt collects particles from the s [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreeding Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The cordiform body of the sea potato is protected by a calcite skeleton and measures up to 60 mm.
The skeleton is covered with soft spines that lie flat on the body and point towards the back. Yellowish brown in colour. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Lower shore and subtidal to 200 m depth, burrowing in sand or muddy sand, all round the British Isles. Apparently cosmopolitan in temperate seas [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Cosmopolitan (World Oceans) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the 1976-1986 period Echinocardium cordatum was mainly found near the Flemish Banks (maximum 50 ind./m2) whereas it was absent in the eastern coastal zone and near the Hinder Banks. In the 1994-2001 period the species is clearly distributed more widely: E. cordatum was only absent in the eastern coastal zone and reached densities up to 200 ind./m2. As the species lives burrowed in the sand (up to 20 cm deep) there is a real chance that the Van Veen grab fails to scoop up E. cordatum. Consequently, the species may have a broader distribution than mentioned here. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution This cosmopolitan echinoderrn was found in about half of all samples. The species is very abundant north of the Dutch Wadden islands and is also present in Delta and the western part of the Wadden Sea. The distribution of the biomass is very patchy. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEcology Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, deposit feeder. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (west Pacific Ocean, NZ, South Africa, Gulf of California, north Atlantic Ocean), depth range 0-230? m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The fact that E. cordatum is present in the entire area (North Sea) indicates that the echinoderm is not very selective with regard to the type of sediment, although a slight preference for sandy bottoms can be detected. Earlier investigations suggest that, indeed, sandy substrates may be favoured (Rees & Dare, 1993). In a study along a transect in the central and southern North Sea, Duineveld & Jenness (1984) found E. cordatum to account for 50% of the benthic biomass at sandy sites and 5% at muddy sites. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Echinocardium cordatum occurs in sediments with a wide range of grain sizes (median grain size up to 650 μm), but clearly prefers sediments with a median grain size of 200 to 300 μm (relative occurrence ± 40%). The species is only found in sediments with a low mud content (< 20%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology This sea urchin has a heart-shaped test, usually 40-50 mm in length. lt is covered with a large number of closely set spines, most of them directed backwards. In profile the highest point of the test lies towards the posterior. lt is yellow-brown in colour (Mortensen, 1927; Southward, 1972; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Unknown (Britain) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Picture of Echinocardium cordatum
Picture of Echinocardi...
Picture of Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
Picture of Echinocardi...
Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
Echinocardium cordatum...
Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
Echinocardium cordatum...
Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
Echinocardium cordatum...
Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
Echinocardium cordatum...
Skeleton heart-urchin
Skeleton heart-urchin
Donegal beach - buncrana
Donegal beach - buncrana
Zeeklit
Zeeklit
zeeklit
zeeklit
zeeklit
zeeklit
Zeeklitten
Zeeklitten
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124392
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Hansson, Hans
2006-07-18 06:32:47Z  changed  Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-03-19 14:42:39Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
  
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  Citation: Kroh, A. (2014). Echinocardium cordatum. In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124392 on 2014-09-17
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License