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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) 
AphiaID: 130537

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolecida (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbiniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Species)
Status alternate representation
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger (Müller, 1776)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos Blainville, 1828
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia arctica Hansen, 1878 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia muelleri Rathke, 1843 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus armiger Müller, 1776
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos canadensis McIntosh, 1901 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos elongatus Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos jeffreysii McIntosh, 1905 (subjective synonym)
Sources 
redescription Zhadan, A. E. 1998. [Taxonomy of the genus Scoloplos (Orbiniidae) in the White, Barents and North Seas]. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 77(2): 177-190, 7 figures, 2 tables. [details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwapenworm  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbristleworm  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKiemenringelwurmUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbewehrter Pfahlwurm  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger trioculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Central Atlantic Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Danish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality North Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Coast of England [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStoecharthrum giardi Caullery & Mesnil, 1899 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (51 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (163 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (921 nucleotides; 81 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Macrozoobenthos communities of Svalbard 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The sexes are separate. No breeding is observed below water temperatures of 5 °C. Breeding occurs in early spring and is synchronized with spring tides. There also exist reports of a second breeding period. In some habitats the larvae probably have a benthic development and in other places a short planktonic stage. S. armiger is a fast growing species, breeding for the first time in its second year and living for about four years. S. armiger builds a burrow system in the upper 10-15 cm of the sediment and crawls through the top layer as well. lt does not roam on the sediment surface. S. armiger is relatively tolerant to low winter temperatures. This species shows a distinct and identifiable food preference for organic detritus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Kirkegaard, 1978; Beukerna, 1979; Fish & Fish, 1989; Bosselmann, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Bristle worm measuring up to 120 mm long. The head part is pointed without any visible appendages.
The rest of the body consists of numerous segments and can be subdivided into two regions; the central region (segment 12-22) is flattened whereas the posterior region is long and semicylindrical. Gills are present from segment 9 onwards. Colour: orange to deep red. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. armiger occurs in almost the entire area, except for the central part of the Oyster Ground. The polychaete is also abundant in the Wadden Sea and in almost the whole Delta area. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Scoloplos armiger is a widely spread species that was only found scarcely in the eastern coastal zone (1994-2001 period). In the same period the species was mainly distributed near the western coastal zone, the Flemish and Zeeland Banks, where the species reached a very high distribution frequency. The distribution frequency on the Zeeland Banks was remarkably lower. High densities were recorded in both periods: up to 5,000 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Labrador to Massachusetts; Bering Sea to California; Central America; north Japan Sea [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Found from the intertidal zone to 2013 m depth; prefers sea grass beds and sand, mud and gravel substrates. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The species inhabits a wide range of sediment types, ranging from coarse to fine sand. In the study area it prefers substrates composed of fine sand. S. armiger is also known to occur in anoxic sediments and in sea grass beds (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Scoloplos armiger is found in all sediment types but prefers sediments with a median grain size of 200 to 350 μm that are enriched with mud (mud content up to 40%). The relative occurrence of the species in such sediments exceeds 50%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology The species superficially resembles a Scolelepis. The head is pointed sharply, smooth and lacks antenna or palps. The body is thin, fragile and reaches a maximum length of 80 mm with more than 200 segments. Parapodia in the front region have simple, short lobes. Those in tail region are more complex with more prominent lobes and dorsal gills. Gills are present on the dorsal surface from about the 12th segment onward. The colour is bright orange-pink or red, with the main blood
vessels clearly visible (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Subfamily: Orbiniinae, according to Trott (2004). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130537
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2007-08-03 23:39:31Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130537 on 2014-11-26
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