WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776)

130537 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130537)
accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus armiger Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Danish Exclusive Economic Zone  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Danish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Bristle worm measuring up to 120 mm long. The...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Bristle worm measuring up to 120 mm long. The head part is pointed without any visible appendages.
The rest of the body consists of numerous segments and can be subdivided into two regions; the central region (segment 12-22) is flattened whereas the posterior region is long and semicylindrical. Gills are present from segment 9 onwards. Colour: orange to deep red. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. armiger occurs in almost the entire area,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. armiger occurs in almost the entire area, except for the central part of the Oyster Ground. The polychaete is also abundant in the Wadden Sea and in almost the whole Delta area. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Scoloplos armiger is a widely spread species...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Scoloplos armiger is a widely spread species that was only found scarcely in the eastern coastal zone (1994-2001 period). In the same period the species was mainly distributed near the western coastal zone, the Flemish and Zeeland Banks, where the species reached a very high distribution frequency. The distribution frequency on the Zeeland Banks was remarkably lower. High densities were recorded in both periods: up to 5,000 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Labrador to Massachusetts; Bering Sea...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Labrador to Massachusetts; Bering Sea to California; Central America; north Japan Sea [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Subfamily: Orbiniinae, according to Trott (2004).  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Subfamily: Orbiniinae, according to Trott (2004). [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130537 on 2017-11-22

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-08-03 23:39:31Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-08-23 02:25:03Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus armiger Müller, 1776) Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia arctica Hansen, 1878) Hansen, G. Armauer 1879. Annelider fra den norske Nordhavsexpedition i 1877. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, Christiania 24(3): 267-272., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/37034#page/309/mode/1up
page(s): 269 plate 2 figs. 1-8 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia muelleri Rathke, 1843) Rathke, H. (1843). Beiträge zur Fauna Norwegens. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum, Breslau & Bonn. 20: 1-264c., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11613 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos canadensis McIntosh, 1901) McIntosh, W.C. 1901. Chaetopoda. 68-88. IN: Whiteaves (Ed.). Catalogue of the marine invertebrata of eastern Canada. S.W. Dawson. Ottawa. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos jeffreysii McIntosh, 1905) McIntosh, W.C. 1905. Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. 26. 1. On the Pacific, Atlantic and Japanese Palolo. 2. On the British Goniadidae and Ariciidae. 3. On the same groups found in the 'Porcupine' Expeditions of 1869 and 1870. 4. On the same groups dredged by Dr. Whiteaves of Canada in 1872 and 1873. 5. On the same groups procured by Canon Norman in Norway and Finmark. 6. On some Japanese Glyceridae. 7. On the form described as Hemipodus magellanicus in the Challenger. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 715: 33-57. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos elongatus Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 2.. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 286 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1910. A monograph of the British annelids. Polychaeta. Syllidae to Ariciidae. Ray Society of London, 2(2): 233-524., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McIn [details]   

additional source Webster, Henry E. and Benedict, James E. (1887). The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine. U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries. 1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15839855 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Eisig, Hugo. (1914). Zur Systematik, Anatomie und Morphologie der Ariciiden nebst Beiträgen zur generellen Systematik. Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel. 21(6): 153-600, plates 10-27., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/181156#page/179/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Zhadan, A. E. 1998. [Taxonomy of the genus Scoloplos (Orbiniidae) in the White, Barents and North Seas]. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 77(2): 177-190, 7 figures, 2 tables. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus armiger Müller, 1776) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

redescription  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger (Müller, 1776)) Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Orbiniidae Hartman, 1942. pages 1-26. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger (Müller, 1776)) Bleidorn, Christoph, Kruse, Inken, Albrecht, Sylvia and Bartolomaeus, Thomas 2006. Mitochondrial sequence data expose the putative cosmopolitan polychaete Scoloplos armiger (Annelida, Orbiniidae) as a species complex. BMC-Evolutionary Biology 6(47): unpaginated (13). [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger (Müller, 1776)) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger (Müller, 1776)) Luttikhuizen, Pieternella C.; Bol, Anneke; Cardoso, Joana F.M.F.; Dekker, Rob. 2011. Overlapping distributions of cryptic Scoloplos cf. armiger species in the western Wadden Sea. Journal of Sea Research 66(3): 231-237.  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia arctica Hansen, 1878) Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus armiger Müller, 1776) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia muelleri Rathke, 1843) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos jeffreysii McIntosh, 1905) Eisig, Hugo. (1914). Zur Systematik, Anatomie und Morphologie der Ariciiden nebst Beiträgen zur generellen Systematik. Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel. 21(6): 153-600, plates 10-27., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/181156#page/179/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos elongatus Quatrefages, 1866) Fauvel, Pierre. (1909). Deuxième note préliminaire sur les polychètes provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice, ou déposées dans la Musée Océanographique de Monaco. Bulletin de l'Institute Océanographique de Monaco. 142: 1-76., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46491917
page(s): 1 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos canadensis McIntosh, 1901) McIntosh, W.C. 1910. A monograph of the British annelids. Polychaeta. Syllidae to Ariciidae. Ray Society of London, 2(2): 233-524., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McIn [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Morton B. & Morton JE. (1983). The sea shore ecology of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The sexes are separate. No breeding is observed below water temperatures of 5 °C. Breeding occurs in early spring and is synchronized with spring tides. There also exist reports of a second breeding period. In some habitats the larvae probably have a benthic development and in other places a short planktonic stage. S. armiger is a fast growing species, breeding for the first time in its second year and living for about four years. S. armiger builds a burrow system in the upper 10-15 cm of the sediment and crawls through the top layer as well. lt does not roam on the sediment surface. S. armiger is relatively tolerant to low winter temperatures. This species shows a distinct and identifiable food preference for organic detritus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Kirkegaard, 1978; Beukerna, 1979; Fish & Fish, 1989; Bosselmann, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Bristle worm measuring up to 120 mm long. The head part is pointed without any visible appendages.
The rest of the body consists of numerous segments and can be subdivided into two regions; the central region (segment 12-22) is flattened whereas the posterior region is long and semicylindrical. Gills are present from segment 9 onwards. Colour: orange to deep red. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. armiger occurs in almost the entire area, except for the central part of the Oyster Ground. The polychaete is also abundant in the Wadden Sea and in almost the whole Delta area. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Scoloplos armiger is a widely spread species that was only found scarcely in the eastern coastal zone (1994-2001 period). In the same period the species was mainly distributed near the western coastal zone, the Flemish and Zeeland Banks, where the species reached a very high distribution frequency. The distribution frequency on the Zeeland Banks was remarkably lower. High densities were recorded in both periods: up to 5,000 ind./m2 (1994-2001 period). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic; Labrador to Massachusetts; Bering Sea to California; Central America; north Japan Sea [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Found from the intertidal zone to 2013 m depth; prefers sea grass beds and sand, mud and gravel substrates. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The species inhabits a wide range of sediment types, ranging from coarse to fine sand. In the study area it prefers substrates composed of fine sand. S. armiger is also known to occur in anoxic sediments and in sea grass beds (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Scoloplos armiger is found in all sediment types but prefers sediments with a median grain size of 200 to 350 μm that are enriched with mud (mud content up to 40%). The relative occurrence of the species in such sediments exceeds 50%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology The species superficially resembles a Scolelepis. The head is pointed sharply, smooth and lacks antenna or palps. The body is thin, fragile and reaches a maximum length of 80 mm with more than 200 segments. Parapodia in the front region have simple, short lobes. Those in tail region are more complex with more prominent lobes and dorsal gills. Gills are present on the dorsal surface from about the 12th segment onward. The colour is bright orange-pink or red, with the main blood
vessels clearly visible (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Subfamily: Orbiniinae, according to Trott (2004). [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
Host of
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwapenworm  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbristleworm  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKiemenringelwurmUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbewehrter Pfahlwurm  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorヨロイホコムシ  [details]