WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos Blainville, 1828

129425

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129425

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcandra Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchethus Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabotas Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolaricia Eisig, 1914 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) Blainville, 1828· accepted, alternate representation (superseded nominal subgenus)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos acutissimus Hartmann-Schröder, 1991
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos acutus (Verrill, 1873)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos agrestis Nonato & Luna, 1970
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos bathytatus Blake, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos brevithorax Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos chrysochaeta Wu, 1962
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos cryptospinigerus Dean & Blake, 2015
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos depoorteri Jeldes & Lefevre, 1959
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos intermedius (Hartman, 1965)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos normalis (Day, 1977)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos novaehollandiae (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos pseudosimplex Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos robustus Rullier, 1964
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos sagarensis Misra, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos similis Mackie, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos simplex (Hutchings, 1974)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos suroestense Blake, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos tumidus Mackie, 1991
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos uschakovi Wu, 1962

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) Blainville, 1828 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos Blainville, 1828 (superseded nominal subgenus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) acmeceps Chamberlin, 1919
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) capensis (Day, 1961)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) ehlersi Blake, 1985
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) marsupialis (Southern, 1921)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) spinigerus Gallardo, 1968
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) texana (Maciolek & Holland, 1978)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) acutissimus Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos acutissimus Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 (original alternate representation)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger (Müller, 1776) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (superseded nominal subgenus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos dayi Hartmann-Schröder, 1980 (original alternate representation)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) dayi Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolaricia dubia (Day, 1955) (objective synonym)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) difficilis Day, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos simplex (Hutchings, 1974) (subjective synonym)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) pugettensis Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) riseri Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia riseri (Pettibone, 1957) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) schmitti Pettibone, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalifia schmitti (Pettibone, 1957) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) simplex (Hutchings, 1974) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos simplex (Hutchings, 1974) (unaccepted alternate representation)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos acmeceps Chamberlin, 1919 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) acmeceps Chamberlin, 1919 (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos capensis Day represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) capensis (Day, 1961)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos chevalieri (Fauvel, 1901) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) chevalieri (Fauvel, 1902)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos johnstonei Day, 1934 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) johnstonei (Day, 1934) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos madagascariensis Fauvel, 1919 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos marsupialis Southern, 1921 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) marsupialis (Southern, 1921) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos rubra (Webster, 1879) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) rubra (Webster, 1879)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos texana Maciolek & Holland, 1978 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) texana (Maciolek & Holland, 1978) (superseded original combination)
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos thalassae Amoureux, 1982 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) thalassae Amoureux, 1982

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas Kinberg, 1866 (superseded subsequent subgeneric combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) chevalieri (Fauvel, 1902)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) dendrobranchus Hartman, 1957
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) dendrocirris Day, 1977
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) fimbriatus Hartman, 1957
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) gracilis Pillai, 1961
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) johnstonei (Day, 1934)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) latum (Chamberlin, 1919)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) mazatlanensis Fauchald, 1972
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) naumovi Averincev, 1982
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) rubra (Webster, 1879)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) thalassae Amoureux, 1982
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) tribulosus (Ehlers, 1897)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) uniramus Day, 1961
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (rank upgrade to genus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) ohlini (Ehlers, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) robustus (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas robustus (Kinberg, 1866) (rank upgrade to genus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) verax (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas verax Kinberg, 1866 (superseded subsequent combination)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Naidonereis) [auct. misspelling for Naineris] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris Blainville, 1828 (superseded subsequent rank change of misspelling)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Naidonereis) dubius Augener, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis dubius (Augener, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos bustorus Eisig, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos canadensis McIntosh, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos cylindrifer Ehlers, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos dubia Tebble, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas dubia (Tebble, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos elongata Johnson, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957) (replaced primary homonym; incorrect gender suffix ending)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos elongatus Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) (superseded recombination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos grubei Gravier, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris grubei (Gravier, 1908) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos jeffreysii McIntosh, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos madagascarensis Fauvel, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos mawsoni Benham, 1921 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos mawsoni (Benham, 1921) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos minor Örsted, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris quadricuspida (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos rufa Treadwell, 1941 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos treadwelli Eisig, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas treadwelli (Eisig, 1914) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 493 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated in the original description. The...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated in the original description. The generic name Scoloplos seems to be composed by the Greek and/or Latin word roots scolo, meaning 'thorny' or 'bent', and plo, meaning 'armed', and refers presumably to the spiny bristles referred in the original decription: ''Appendices [...] des dix-sept premiers [segments] formés probablement de deux soies épineuses de chaque côté'' (Blainville, 1828: 493). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordescription ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordescription ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae first present from setiger 5 or later. Accessory papillae never exceeding four, including both ventral and parapodial kinds. Thoracic neurosetae include blunt hooks and crenulated capillaries (may be absent). Abdominal notosetae include crenulated capillaries, furcate setae and spines. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Scoloplos Blainville, 1828. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129425 on 2017-11-19

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-17 10:41:03Z
changed
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-01-11 21:25:40Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 493 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolaricia Eisig, 1914) Eisig, Hugo. (1914). Zur Systematik, Anatomie und Morphologie der Ariciiden nebst Beiträgen zur generellen Systematik. Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel. 21(6): 153-600, plates 10-27., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/181156#page/179/mode/1up
page(s): 426 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcandra Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865 [1866?]. Annulata Nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 251 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchethus Chamberlin, 1919) Chamberlin, Ralph V. 1919. The Annelida Polychaeta [Albatross Expeditions]. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 48: 1-514., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/memoirsofmuseumo4801harv
page(s): 357 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabotas Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865 [1866?]. Annulata Nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 252 [details]   

taxonomy source Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 43; note: genus restricted to species having only inconspicuous spines in thoracic neuropodia accompanied with numerous capillaries, and branchiae from setiger 8–26 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolaricia Eisig, 1914) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolaricia Eisig, 1914) Day, J.H. 1973. New polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina. NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars, 375: 1-140., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.62852
page(s): 84-86 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) Blainville, 1828) Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) Blainville, 1828) Blake, James A. (2000). A new genus and species of polychaete worm (Family Orbiniidae) from methane seeps in the Gulf of Mexico, with a review of the systematics and phylogenetic interrelationships of the genera of Orbiniidae. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 41(4): 435-450., available online at http://application.sb-roscoff.fr/cbm/
note: Leodamas raised to full genus, therefore nominal subgenus Scoloplos becomes superfluous [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis by Blainville (1828: 493): ''Corps alongé, cylindrique, atténué aux extrémités, et composé d'un grand nombre d'articulations. Bouche et anus terminaux à l'extrémité de segmens non modifiés. Appendices dissemblables. Ceux des dix-sept premiers formés probablement de deux soies épineuses de chaque côté, les autres composés: 1.° D'une sorte de renflement costiforme, proéminent et terminé inférieurement par une verrue bifide; 2.° D'une soie simple et courte; 3.° D'une lamelle lancéolée et arquée.''
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated in the original description. The generic name Scoloplos seems to be composed by the Greek and/or Latin word roots scolo, meaning 'thorny' or 'bent', and plo, meaning 'armed', and refers presumably to the spiny bristles referred in the original decription: ''Appendices [...] des dix-sept premiers [segments] formés probablement de deux soies épineuses de chaque côté'' (Blainville, 1828: 493). [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordescription ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae first present from setiger 5 or later. Accessory papillae never exceeding four, including both ventral and parapodial kinds. Thoracic neurosetae include blunt hooks and crenulated capillaries (may be absent). Abdominal notosetae include crenulated capillaries, furcate setae and spines. [details]
 



Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]