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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontocrates altamarinus (Bate & Westwood, 1862) 
AphiaID: 102916

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArthropoda (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrustacea (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacostraca (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumalacostraca (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeracarida (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipoda (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGammaridea (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOedicerotidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontocrates (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPontocrates Boeck, 1871
Sources  basis of record Bellan-Santini, D.; Costello, M.J. (2001). Amphipoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 295-308 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Bay of Biscay
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArcachon Bay [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest-Oléron [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLombardsijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMiddelkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeebrugge [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBray-Dunes [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHendaye [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrevelingen [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHaringvliet [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNeeltje Jans, Binnenhaven [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWalcheren [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOosterschelde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorVoordelta [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesterschelde [details]
Spain
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBasque Coast of Spain [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSan Sebastian [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSantander [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortland [details]
Feedingtype  detritus feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (16 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Generally, breeding behaviour of infaunal amphipods like P. altamarinus is influenced by location. In deeper waters the spring rise in temperature initiates breeding, while in shallower waters it is induced by tidal phasing (Fincham, 1971). Oedicerotids, the amphipod family to which P. altamarinus belongs, burrow through the surface layer of the sediment while feeding. They only use the mouth parts and the gnathopods for collecting food. Aquarium investigations have shown that they ingest loose detritus sifted from the mud and water interface or gathered by the maxillipeds from the material passed to them by the gnathopods (Enequist, 1949). Apparently, P. altamarinus can switch foods at different times of the year: harpacticoids in summer and diatoms and other algae scraped from sand grains in winter (Beare & Moore, 1994). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Amphipod with relatively robust body up to 7 mm long. The eyes are very large and round. Its colour
varies between white and yellow with clear brown patches. The head has a short, pointed rostrum
arched downwards. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution P. altamarinus can be observed most frequently in the area south of the 30 m isobath and is locally very common between 53'30'N and 52'30'N. The species is also found in the sublittoral of the western part of the Dutch Wadden Sea and in the eastern part of the Oosterschelde. lt has also been recorded in the marine pad of the Westerschelde (Cattrijse et al., 1993). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In the 1976-1986 period Pontocrates altamarinus was found to occur across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea, with the exception of the coastal zone. This distribution pattern was extended by observations in the coastal zone in the 1994-2001 period. In both periods P. altamarinus had a low distribution frequency and relatively low densities (1976-1986 period: maximum 130 ind./m2; 1994-2001 period: maximum 30 ind./m2). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Pontocrates altamarinus appears in different sediment types but always with a relatively low occurrence (< 30%). A clear preference for a certain sediment type cannot be identified. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat This amphipod prefers bottoms of fine and medium sand with a low percentage of silt. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology This amphipod has a robust body, up to 7 mm in length. The eyes are very large and rounded. The body is whitish or yellowish in colour, with distinctive dark brown patches. The head has a short down turned, pointed rostrum (Lincoln, 1979; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:102916
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan-Santini, Denise
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  checked  Costello, Mark
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Pontocrates altamarinus (Bate & Westwood, 1862). In: Horton, T.; Lowry, J. & De Broyer, C. (2013 onwards) World Amphipoda Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=102916 on 2014-09-17
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License