WoRMS taxon details

Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843)

130644  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130644)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofEulalia sanguinea Örsted, 1843) Örsted, Anders Sandoe. 1843. Annulatorum danicorum conspectus. Volume Fasc. 1 Maricolae (Quæstio ab universitate Hafniensi ad solvendum proposita et proemio ornata). 1-52. Librariae Wahlianae. Hafniae (Copenhagen)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/11849 [details]   
Type locality contained in Danish Exclusive Economic Zone  
type locality contained in Danish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Distribution Fide Oliveira et al (2015) all prior Brazilian records (Duarte & Nalesso 1996; Duarte 1980; Morgado & Amaral 1984; Nogueira 2000; Amaral et...  
Distribution Fide Oliveira et al (2015) all prior Brazilian records (Duarte & Nalesso 1996; Duarte 1980; Morgado & Amaral 1984; Nogueira 2000; Amaral et al. 2006–12) of Eumida sanguinea should be referred to Eumida dracodermica. [details]

Description Bristle worm with a rather corpulent, ventrally flattened body up to 60 mm long. The uniform segments feature distinct...  
Description Bristle worm with a rather corpulent, ventrally flattened body up to 60 mm long. The uniform segments feature distinct parapodia on which the dorsal lamellas are clearly visible. The head has two large black eyes and five antennae, one of which in the middle of the head. Four pairs of rather long, thin tentacles. The colour varies from greyish white with brown spots to reddish brown with white transverse bands. Eumida sanguinea often lives in association with the sand mason Lanice conchilega[details]

Distribution Eumida sanguinea mainly occurs in the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 the species had a low frequency of occurrence but...  
Distribution Eumida sanguinea mainly occurs in the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 the species had a low frequency of occurrence but was found across the entire near-coastal zone. The density was limited to a maximum of only 800 ind./m2. In the 1994-2001 period the frequency of occurrence increased, but the species appeared to be absent in the eastern coastal zone. The highest frequency of occurrence and density levels (up to 3,500 ind./m2) were observed in the western coastal zone and in the southern part of the Zeeland Banks. [details]

Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Georgia, Gulf of Mexico, Venezuela, Mexico, Indian Ocean  
Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Georgia, Gulf of Mexico, Venezuela, Mexico, Indian Ocean [details]

Distribution E. sanguinea has a patchy distribution in the sandy sediments of the Dutch Continental Shelf. lt is furthermore found in...  
Distribution E. sanguinea has a patchy distribution in the sandy sediments of the Dutch Continental Shelf. lt is furthermore found in the Oosterschelde and in the eastern and western Wadden Sea. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130644 on 2018-05-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofEulalia flavescens Bobretzky, 1868) Bobretzky, N. (1868). [Bristle worms (Annulata Chaetopoda) Bay of Sebastopol] [Original] Щетинконогие черви (Annulata Chaetopoda) Севастопольской бухты. Verhandlunger der Naturforschender Versammlung, St.Petersburg, Ser. Zoologie [also Russian journal title: Труды 1-го съезда русских естествоиспытателей в Санкт-Петербурге, Отдел зоологии (Proceedings of the 1st Congress of Russian Naturalists in St. Petersburg, Department of Zoology)]. 137-160, plates 1-2 [In Russian].
page(s): p.153 (fig. 41-43) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEulalia sanguinea Örsted, 1843) Örsted, Anders Sandoe. 1843. Annulatorum danicorum conspectus. Volume Fasc. 1 Maricolae (Quæstio ab universitate Hafniensi ad solvendum proposita et proemio ornata). 1-52. Librariae Wahlianae. Hafniae (Copenhagen)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/11849 [details]   

original description  (ofEulalia granulosa Verrill, 1873) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEumidia americana Verrill, 1873) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEulalia pistacia Verrill, 1873) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEulalia (Eumida) pallida Claparède, 1868) Claparède, É. (1868). Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 19(2): 313-584, plates I-XVI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50163#page/375/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofEumida communis Gravier, 1896) Gravier, C. 1896. Recherches sur les Phyllodociens. Bulletin scientifique de la France et de la Belgique, 29: 298-389. [details]   

original description  (ofEumida maculosa Webster, 1879) Webster, Henry E. (1879). The Annelida Chaetopoda of the Virginian coast. Transactions of the Albany Institute. 9: 202-269, plates I-XI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/137886#page/216/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source Hartman, O. (1942). A review of the types of polychaetous annelids at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection, Yale University. 8(1): 1-98. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hartman, O. 1944. New England Annelida. Part 2. Including the unpublished plates by Verrill with reconstructed captions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 82(7): 331-343., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1052 [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Dauvin, J.-C.; Dewarumez, J.-M.; Gentil, F. (2003). Liste actualisée des espèces d’Annélides Polychètes présentes en Manche [An up to date list of polychaetous annelids from the English Channel]. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 44(1): 67-95., available online at http://www.sb-roscoff.fr/sites/www.sb-roscoff.fr/files/documents/station-biologique-roscoff-dauvinal2003-3835.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

source of synonymy Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofEulalia sanguinea Örsted, 1843) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEulalia sanguinea Örsted, 1843) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofEulalia sanguinea Örsted, 1843) Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEulalia sanguinea Örsted, 1843) McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEulalia flavescens Bobretzky, 1868) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofEulalia granulosa Verrill, 1873) Hartman, O. (1942). A review of the types of polychaetous annelids at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection, Yale University. 8(1): 1-98. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofEulalia pistacia Verrill, 1873) Hartman, O. (1942). A review of the types of polychaetous annelids at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection, Yale University. 8(1): 1-98. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofEumidia americana Verrill, 1873) Hartman, O. 1944. New England Annelida. Part 2. Including the unpublished plates by Verrill with reconstructed captions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 82(7): 331-343., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1052 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEumida communis Gravier, 1896) McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEumida maculosa Webster, 1879) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofEulalia (Eumida) pallida Claparède, 1868) Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source  (ofEulalia flavescens Bobretzky, 1868) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS)
note: listing [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Census of Marine Life (2012). SYNDEEP: Towards a first global synthesis of biodiversity, biogeography and ecosystem function in the deep sea. Unpublished data (datasetID: 45), available online at http://www.comlsecretariat.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/SYNDEEP-Towards-a-first-global-synthesis-of-biodiversity-biogeography-and-ecosystem-function-in-the-deep-sea-Eva-Ramirez-Llodra-et-al..pdf [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Sun, Y. N. (2011). Biodiversity and Phylogeny of Coral-associated Polychaetes. Mphil Thesis, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.  [details]   

context source (Schelde) Vanosmael, C. (1977). Studie van het macrobenthos ter hoogte van de monding van de Westerschelde en de Belgische kust. MSc Thesis. Rijksuniversiteit Gent, Faculteit der Wetenschappen: Gent. 70 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Distribution Fide Oliveira et al (2015) all prior Brazilian records (Duarte & Nalesso 1996; Duarte 1980; Morgado & Amaral 1984; Nogueira 2000; Amaral et al. 2006–12) of Eumida sanguinea should be referred to Eumida dracodermica. [details]

From other sources
Biology E. sanguinea breeds in early summer and has planktonic larvae. In the estuarine Delta area juvenile benthic stages are mainly observed in June-July. E. sanguinea is a predatory carnivore and is itself eaten by fish. The species has been observed to live as a commensal of the tubicolous polychaete Lanice conchilega (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Description Bristle worm with a rather corpulent, ventrally flattened body up to 60 mm long. The uniform segments feature distinct parapodia on which the dorsal lamellas are clearly visible. The head has two large black eyes and five antennae, one of which in the middle of the head. Four pairs of rather long, thin tentacles. The colour varies from greyish white with brown spots to reddish brown with white transverse bands. Eumida sanguinea often lives in association with the sand mason Lanice conchilega[details]

Distribution Eumida sanguinea mainly occurs in the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 the species had a low frequency of occurrence but was found across the entire near-coastal zone. The density was limited to a maximum of only 800 ind./m2. In the 1994-2001 period the frequency of occurrence increased, but the species appeared to be absent in the eastern coastal zone. The highest frequency of occurrence and density levels (up to 3,500 ind./m2) were observed in the western coastal zone and in the southern part of the Zeeland Banks. [details]

Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Georgia, Gulf of Mexico, Venezuela, Mexico, Indian Ocean [details]

Distribution E. sanguinea has a patchy distribution in the sandy sediments of the Dutch Continental Shelf. lt is furthermore found in the Oosterschelde and in the eastern and western Wadden Sea. [details]

Habitat Eumida sanguinea occurs in a wide spectrum of sediment types: the species only avoids sediments with a median grain size > 500 μm or with a mud content > 40%. An optimum is reached in sediments with a median grain size of 150-250 μm and a mud content of 10-40%. The high relative occurrence in sediments with a mud content of 80-90% is considered relatively unreliable in view of the low number of observations for this mud content. [details]

Habitat E. sanguinea has been reported from muddy sand, among algae and also under stones, in kelp holdfasts and among old shells (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Morphology A species with a stout, dorsally convex body, up to 30 mm in length and made up of 60-140 segments. The uniform segments have distinct parapodia bearing a dorsal lamella. The head has two fairly large black eyes and five antennae. The colour is variable, ranging from greyish white with brown spots through yellowish green to reddish brown with white transverse bands (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]