WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840)

130375  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130375)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica. [Continued from vol. iv. p. 375.] Contributions towards a history of Irish Annelids (1). Annals of Natural History; or, Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology. 5: 168-179, 9 text-figures., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19397#page/184/mode/1up
page(s): 178-179, fig. 9 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Irish Exclusive economic Zone  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Irish Exclusive economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster Ground, where it is quite abundant. In the offshore part of the Southern Bight N. longissima is almost absent. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With only eight observations and a maximum...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]
Gil, J.; Bellan, G. (2016). Eunereis longissima. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130375 on 2017-12-12

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-13 18:03:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis tenerifensis Núñez, Brito & Ballacado, 1984) Núñez, J., M. d. C. Brito and J.J. Ballacado (1984). Catálogo provisional de los Anélidos Poliquetos del Archipiélago Canario." Cuadernos Marisqqueros Publ. Téc. 7: 113-148. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica. [Continued from vol. iv. p. 375.] Contributions towards a history of Irish Annelids (1). Annals of Natural History; or, Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology. 5: 168-179, 9 text-figures., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19397#page/184/mode/1up
page(s): 178-179, fig. 9 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteronereis mitis Grube, 1870) Grube, A.E. 1870. Über die Beziehungen der Nereis i.e. S. zu den Heteronereis. Schles.gesellschaft fur vaterlandische cultur Breslau Jahresber., 47: 52-54. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis edenticulata Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis regia Quatrefages, 1850) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1850). Etudes sur les types inferieurs de l'embranchement des Anneles.Memoires su la system nerveux des Annelides. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris. (Series. 3) 14: 329-398, plates 6-10., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13433776 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

additional source Hartman, O. 1959. Capitellidae and Nereidae (marine annelids) from the Gulf side of Florida with a review of freshwater Nereidae. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 9(2): 153-168., available online at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1959/00000009/00000002/art00002 [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A. J. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(1): 51-110., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/61/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Bakken, T.; Wilson, R.S. (2005). Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. Zoologica Scripta. 34(5): 507-547., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis tenerifensis Núñez, Brito & Ballacado, 1984) Núñez, J. ; Brito, M. D. 2006: A new species of Rullierinereis and new records of Nereididae from sublittoral sandy bottoms off Lanzarote (Canary Islands). Scientia Marina 70: 145-150.
page(s): 149 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis tenerifensis Núñez, Brito & Ballacado, 1984) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Malmgren, A. J. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(1): 51-110., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/61/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis regia Quatrefages, 1850) Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteronereis mitis Grube, 1870) Hartman, O. 1959. Capitellidae and Nereidae (marine annelids) from the Gulf side of Florida with a review of freshwater Nereidae. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 9(2): 153-168., available online at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1959/00000009/00000002/art00002 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis edenticulata Quatrefages, 1866) Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Sexually ripe specimens have been observed in April and May. Most probably the larvae have a planktonic development. E. longissima lives in burrows. When conditions become unfavourable it will rapidly and repeatedly move and set up a new tube at other locations. E. longissima is mainly a non-selective deposit feeder, feeding on algae and dead animals. The species itself is eaten by flatfish (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster Ground, where it is quite abundant. In the offshore part of the Southern Bight N. longissima is almost absent. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Its density distribution suggests a preference for substrates with an admixture of mud. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Eunereis longissima is typically found in sediments with a median grain size of 100 to 250 μm. The species has a broad mud content tolerance but tends to prefer (relative occurrence: > 50%) sediments with a mud content of 10-20%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A species with a long, rather flattened body of up to 150 mm in length, with over 200 segments. The head is conical, truncate, with two frontal antennae, two biarticulate palps and four relatively small eyes. The first segments bears four pairs of cirri. Like all nereids, the species has an eversible proboscis and two terminal jaws. The small number of teeth on the proboscis are characteristic for this species. The body segments are rather uniform, with prominent, powerful parapodia bearing distinct lamellae. lt is blue-grey, reddish or pinkish in colour (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzager  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornéreis  [details]