WoRMS taxon details

Eunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840)

130375  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130375)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofNereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica. [Continued from vol. iv. p. 375.] Contributions towards a history of Irish Annelids (1). <em>Annals of Natural History; or, Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology.</em> 5: 168-179, 9 text-figures., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19397#page/184/mode/1up
page(s): 178-179, fig. 9 [details]   
Type locality contained in Irish Exclusive economic Zone  
type locality contained in Irish Exclusive economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Description The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum...  
Description The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Distribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster...  
Distribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster Ground, where it is quite abundant. In the offshore part of the Southern Bight N. longissima is almost absent. [details]

Distribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire...  
Distribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Eunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130375 on 2018-12-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-13 18:03:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofRullierinereis tenerifensis Núñez, Brito & Ballacado, 1984) Núñez, J., M. d. C. Brito and J.J. Ballacado (1984). Catálogo provisional de los Anélidos Poliquetos del Archipiélago Canario." Cuadernos Marisqqueros Publ. Téc. 7: 113-148. [details]   

original description  (ofNereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica. [Continued from vol. iv. p. 375.] Contributions towards a history of Irish Annelids (1). <em>Annals of Natural History; or, Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology.</em> 5: 168-179, 9 text-figures., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19397#page/184/mode/1up
page(s): 178-179, fig. 9 [details]   

original description  (ofHeteronereis mitis Grube, 1870) Grube, A.E. 1870. Über die Beziehungen der Nereis i.e. S. zu den Heteronereis. Schles.gesellschaft fur vaterlandische cultur Breslau Jahresber., 47: 52-54. [details]   

original description  (ofNereis edenticulata Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, A. de. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <em>Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris.</em> <b>Volume 1.</b> 1-588., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofNereis regia Quatrefages, 1850) Quatrefages, A. de. (1850). Etudes sur les types inferieurs de l'embranchement des Anneles.Memoires su la system nerveux des Annelides. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> (Series. 3) 14: 329-398, plates 6-10., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13433776 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Ehlers, E. H. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. <em>Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 2: 269-748, plates XII-XXIV., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Capitellidae and Nereidae (marine annelids) from the Gulf side of Florida with a review of freshwater Nereidae. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean.</em> 9(2): 153-168., available online at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1959/00000009/00000002/art00002 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Malmgren, A. J. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(1): 51-110., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/61/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Bakken, Torkild; Wilson, Robin S. (2005). Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 34(5): 507-547., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology Sexually ripe specimens have been observed in April and May. Most probably the larvae have a planktonic development. E. longissima lives in burrows. When conditions become unfavourable it will rapidly and repeatedly move and set up a new tube at other locations. E. longissima is mainly a non-selective deposit feeder, feeding on algae and dead animals. The species itself is eaten by flatfish (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]

Description The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Distribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster Ground, where it is quite abundant. In the offshore part of the Southern Bight N. longissima is almost absent. [details]

Distribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Habitat Its density distribution suggests a preference for substrates with an admixture of mud. [details]

Habitat Eunereis longissima is typically found in sediments with a median grain size of 100 to 250 μm. The species has a broad mud content tolerance but tends to prefer (relative occurrence: > 50%) sediments with a mud content of 10-20%. [details]

Morphology A species with a long, rather flattened body of up to 150 mm in length, with over 200 segments. The head is conical, truncate, with two frontal antennae, two biarticulate palps and four relatively small eyes. The first segments bears four pairs of cirri. Like all nereids, the species has an eversible proboscis and two terminal jaws. The small number of teeth on the proboscis are characteristic for this species. The body segments are rather uniform, with prominent, powerful parapodia bearing distinct lamellae. lt is blue-grey, reddish or pinkish in colour (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch zager  [details]
French néreis  [details]