WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806)

131177 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131177)
alternate representation
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and occasionally at the Dogger Bank. lt is absent from the Oyster Ground. S. squamata furthermore occurs in the western and eastern Wadden Sea as well as in the Delta area, viz. in the eastern part of the Westerschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: New Enlgand to Florida  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: New Enlgand to Florida [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131177 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine heteropoda Webster, 1879) Webster, Henry E. (1879). The Annelida Chaetopoda of the Virginian coast. Transactions of the Albany Institute. 9: 202-269, plates I-XI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/137886#page/216/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus cirratulus Delle Chiaje, 1831) delle Chiaje, Stefano 1829 [1831]. [POLYCHAETA context. Vol.4] Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del Regno di Napoli. Volume IV. i-viii, 1-214. Stamperia della Societa' Tipografica. Napoli., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40485
page(s): 196 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis foliata Dalyell, 1853) Dalyell, John Graham. (1853). The Powers of the Creator displayed in the Creation: or, observations on life amidst the various forms of the humbler tribes of animated nature with practical comments and illustrations. volume 2 [Vermes, etc] pp.359. John van Voorst. London., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18804951 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine capensis McIntosh, 1924) McIntosh, W.C. 1924. Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. 46. 1. On Mercierella. 2. Prelimiary account of a second contribution to South African polychaetes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser. 9, 14: 1-52. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Revision of some genera of polychaete worms of the family Spionidae, including the description of a new species of Scolelepis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 76: 89-104., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34604970 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Uebelacker, Joan M.; Johnson, Paul G. (eds). (1984). Taxonomic guide to the polychaetes of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Final report to the Minerals Management Service, contract 14-12-001-29091. Volumes 1-7, Barry M. Vittor & Associates. Mobile, Alabama., available online at https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002201750 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus cirratulus Delle Chiaje, 1831) Claparède, Édouard 1870. Les Annélides Chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Seconde partie. Annélides sédentaires. Mémoires de la Société de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Genève, 20(1): 1-225., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/lesannlidesch02clap
page(s): 66 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbricus cirratulus Delle Chiaje, 1831) Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine capensis McIntosh, 1924) Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine cirratulus (Delle Chiaje, 1831)) Dauvin, J.-C.; Dewarumez, J.-M.; Gentil, F. (2003). Liste actualisée des espèces d’Annélides Polychètes présentes en Manche [An up to date list of polychaetous annelids from the English Channel]. Cah. Biol. Mar. 44(1): 67-95 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine cirratulus (Delle Chiaje, 1831)) Day, John H.; Morgans, J.F.C. (1956). The Ecology of South African estuaries. Part 7. The Biology of Durban Bay. Annals of the Natal Museum. 13(3): 259-312, plate IV. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine cirratulus (Delle Chiaje, 1831)) Fauchald, K. (2007). World Register of Polychaeta. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta [details]   

redescription  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine cirratulus (Delle Chiaje, 1831)) Claparède, Édouard 1870. Les Annélides Chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Seconde partie. Annélides sédentaires. Mémoires de la Société de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Genève, 20(1): 1-225., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/lesannlidesch02clap
page(s): 66 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine cirratulus (Delle Chiaje, 1831)) McIntosh, William Carmichel. (1915). Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. A Monograph of the British Marine Annelids. The Ray Society, London, 3 (1): i-viii, 1-368 (text)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38532650 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis foliata Dalyell, 1853) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerine heteropoda Webster, 1879) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Revision of some genera of polychaete worms of the family Spionidae, including the description of a new species of Scolelepis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 76: 89-104., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34604970 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Lam WY. (2007). Response of marine macrobenthic communities upon recovery from organic pollution. Mphil thesis. City University of Hong Kong. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The larvae of this species have been recorded from March to July, with highest numbers in May-July. Fertilization is external and the larva is free-swimming for approximately five weeks before it settles. Although spionids generally are considered deposit feeders, S. squamata almost exclusively acts as a suspension feeder, using its long palps to catch floating particles. The species is a common food item for demersal fish and is also eaten by birds. lt lives at depths of about 40 cm in the sediment inside vertical, loosely constructed burrows lined with mucus. It has also been observed free-living, swimming in spirals (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Dauer, 1983; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and occasionally at the Dogger Bank. lt is absent from the Oyster Ground. S. squamata furthermore occurs in the western and eastern Wadden Sea as well as in the Delta area, viz. in the eastern part of the Westerschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: New Enlgand to Florida [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The species lives in fine to medium sand and sometimes in slightly muddy sand. lt shows a very strong preference for well sorted sediments (Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology This species closely resembles S. bonnieri, but differs from that species by the median antennae, which forms a low ridge without a free tip, and the gills, which are free of the upper parapodial lobes in the hind region of the body. The maximum length is 50 mm with around 200 segments. It is bluish green in colour and the gills are red (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling In Müller (2004) as Scololepis squamata [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
suspension feeder [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemshoornworm  [details]