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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806) 
AphiaID: 131177

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis (Genus)
Status alternate representation
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis Blainville, 1828
Sources 
source of synonymy Foster, Nancy Marie 1971. Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands, 36(129): 1-183. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemshoornworm  [details]
Direct child
taxa (2)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis squamata mendanai Gibbs, 1971
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis squamata saipanensis (Hartman, 1954)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Caribbean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCaribbean Sea [details]
Colombia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorColombia [details]
Cuba
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCuba [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMexico [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBanc d'Arguin [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Panama
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPanama [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
Venezuela
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorVenezuela [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
suspension feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (8 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (22 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (8 nucleotides; 6 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The larvae of this species have been recorded from March to July, with highest numbers in May-July. Fertilization is external and the larva is free-swimming for approximately five weeks before it settles. Although spionids generally are considered deposit feeders, S. squamata almost exclusively acts as a suspension feeder, using its long palps to catch floating particles. The species is a common food item for demersal fish and is also eaten by birds. lt lives at depths of about 40 cm in the sediment inside vertical, loosely constructed burrows lined with mucus. It has also been observed free-living, swimming in spirals (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Dauer, 1983; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and occasionally at the Dogger Bank. lt is absent from the Oyster Ground. S. squamata furthermore occurs in the western and eastern Wadden Sea as well as in the Delta area, viz. in the eastern part of the Westerschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: New Enlgand to Florida [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The species lives in fine to medium sand and sometimes in slightly muddy sand. lt shows a very strong preference for well sorted sediments (Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology This species closely resembles S. bonnieri, but differs from that species by the median antennae, which forms a low ridge without a free tip, and the gills, which are free of the upper parapodial lobes in the hind region of the body. The maximum length is 50 mm with around 200 segments. It is bluish green in colour and the gills are red (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling In Müller (2004) as Scololepis squamata [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131177
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131177 on 2014-07-24
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License