WoRMS banner

WoRMS RSS feed RSS
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 
AphiaID: 130359

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida incertae sedis (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtyidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys Cuvier, 1817
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Czerniavsky, 1882 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi vasculosa McIntosh, 1908
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys langerhansi Czerniavsky, 1882 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys macandrewi Baird, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys maeotica Czerniavsky, 1882
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys neapolitana Grube, 1840
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys scolopendroides (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (superseded combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis scolopendroides Delle Chiaje, 1828
Sources  original description Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. 1818. [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie] Paris, Deterville, 612 pp, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/12712 [details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. 2004. Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here][details]

redescription Ravara, Ascensão ; Cunha, Marina R. ; Pleijel, Fredrik 2010: Nephtyidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from southern Europe. Zootaxa 2682: 1-68. , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2010/f/zt02682p068.pdf
page(s): 45 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandzager  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcatworm  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornephtysUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarput  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOpalwurm  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hombergii kersivalensis McIntosh, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys kersivalensis McIntosh, 1908
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRussian part of the Black Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUkrainian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Specimen  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype , locality France (Atlantic Ocean) [details]
Feedingtypes  omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (68 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (7 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (17 nucleotides; 1 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years. Generally, the females breed once each year, beginning in their second year. Breeding takes place between April and June and the larvae are planktonic.


N. hombergii is potentially a long-lived species, viz. up to 5 years, as determined from the annual rings in its jaws.


N. hombergii is a burrowing predator of juvenile molluscs, crustaceans and other polychaetes. lt also feeds on carrion, diatoms and detritus. Studies in the Wadden Sea have shown this species to be sensitive to low winter temperatures. After cold winters the reduced population showed an increase in production (Clark, 1962; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Kirkegaard, 1978; Beukema, 1979; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Beukema & Essink, 1986; Sips, 1988; Fish & Fish, 1989; Mathivat-lailier & Cazaux, 1991; Olive & Morgan, 1991; Rainer, 1991). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Large (up to 200 mm) robust free-living bristle worms with a flattened body. The small head features
an eversible proboscis with papillae, horny jaws and four short antennae. The dorsal parapodial flaps have a clearly visible papilla-like projection. It is pink to flesh-coloured; the gills are red. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The species is common near the coast, in the Wadden Sea and almost the entire Delta area, with high densities in the Oosterschelde. N. hombergii is furthermore abundant in the southern part of the Dogger Bank. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Although Nephtys hombergii can be found across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea, the species chiefly occurs in the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the densities did not exceed 100 ind./m2 whereas densities of more than 300 ind./m2 were observed in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat It is not found in the clean sandy substrates in the Southern Bight, in contrast to N. cirrosa and N. longosetosa. Other studies, however, have reported it from sand, muddy sand, mud and gravel. The species seems to dominate at locations with regularly or permanente low oxygen concentrations (Fallesen & Jorgensen, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Nephtys hombergii prefers fine sediments: in sediments with a median grain size less than 50 μm the
species reaches a relative occurrence of > 90%. The higher the median grain size, the lower the relative occurrence. Nephtys hombergii is no longer found in sediments with a median grain size exceeding 500 μm. Although N. hombergii can be found in sediments with both high and low mud content, the general trend is that the relative occurrence increases as the mud content increases. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A robust nephtyid that is markedly rectangular in cross section. Differences with other the Nephtys species are the combination of lacking dorsal cirri, incised parapodial lobes and distinctly curved gills. The body is maximally 150 mm long with 200 segments. lt is pink to flesh-coloured, with a pearly sheen and red gills (Fish & Fish, 1989; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Sips, 1988; Hayward & Ryland, 1990; Rainer, 1991). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130359
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-05-06 14:28:45Z  changed  Appeltans, Ward
2008-07-16 08:06:51Z  checked  Fauchald, Kristian
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Nephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130359 on 2014-07-31
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License