WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818

130359 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130359)
accepted
Species

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hombergii kersivalensis McIntosh, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys kersivalensis McIntosh, 1908 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 314 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype  , locality France (Atlantic Ocean)  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype , locality France (Atlantic Ocean) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Large (up to 200 mm) robust free-living...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Large (up to 200 mm) robust free-living bristle worms with a flattened body. The small head features
an eversible proboscis with papillae, horny jaws and four short antennae. The dorsal parapodial flaps have a clearly visible papilla-like projection. It is pink to flesh-coloured; the gills are red. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The species is common near the coast, in the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The species is common near the coast, in the Wadden Sea and almost the entire Delta area, with high densities in the Oosterschelde. N. hombergii is furthermore abundant in the southern part of the Dogger Bank. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Although Nephtys hombergii can be found across...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Although Nephtys hombergii can be found across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea, the species chiefly occurs in the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the densities did not exceed 100 ind./m2 whereas densities of more than 300 ind./m2 were observed in the 1994-2001 period. [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Nephtys hombergii. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130359 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-05-06 14:28:45Z
changed
2008-07-16 08:06:51Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 314 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Czerniavsky, 1882) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1882). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 57(1): 146-198., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34267696 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Czerniavsky, 1882) Heinen, Adolf. (1911). Die Nephthydeen und Lycorideen der Nord- und Ostsee, einschliesslich der verbindenden Meeresteile. Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen (Abteilung Kiel), Neue Folge. 13: 1-87, plate I, 5 maps., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/53069#page/11/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys langerhansi Czerniavsky, 1882) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1882). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 57(1): 146-198., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34267696 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys macandrewi Baird, 1873) Baird, W. (1873). Description of some new species of Annelida and Gephyrea in the collection of the British Museum. Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 11: 94-97., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100042#page/106/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys maeotica Czerniavsky, 1882) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1882). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 57(1): 146-198., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34267696 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys neapolitana Grube, 1840) Grube, E. (1840). Actinien, Echinodermen und Würmer des Adriatischen- und Mittelmeers, nach eigenen Sammlungen beschrieben von Adolph Eduard Grube. Koenigsberg. 92 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40483#page/5/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis scolopendroides Delle Chiaje, 1828) delle Chiaje, Stefano. (1828). [POLYCHAETA context, Vol.3] Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del Regno di Napoli. Volume 3. 1-232. Stamperia della Societa' Tipografica. Napoli. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40491 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis scolopendroides Delle Chiaje, 1828) Hansen G. Armauer 1882. Recherches sur les annélides recueillies par M. le professeur Édouard van Benedon pendant son voyage au Brésil et à la Plata. Memoires Couronnes et Memoires des Savants Etrangers publies par L'Academie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique 44(3): 1-29. Plates 1-7. (pagination restarts within issues), available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29048#page/437/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis clava Blainville, 1825) Blainville, Henri M. D. de. (1825). NERÉIDE Nereis (Chétopodes ), [alphabetical dictionary entry]. [multi-volume book] Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'apres l'état actuel de nos connaisance, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. vol. 34, pp. 408-455. Strasbourg and Paris, FG Levrault., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25303363
page(s): 439, also plates as Nephtys hombergii [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi vasculosa McIntosh, 1908) McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

taxonomy source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi [auct. misspellings]) Bobretzky, N. (1881). Dopolnenia k faune Annelid Chernogo morya [Additions/supplement to the annelid fauna of the Black Sea]. Zapiski Kievskago obshchestva estestvoispytateleĭ [Mémoires de la Société des Naturalistes de Kiew]. 6(2): 183-212, plates 6 & 7., available online at https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100422735
note: usage for Black Sea and description, including synonymy of Nephthys scolopendroides (Delle Chiaje, 1828) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Ravara, Ascensão ; Cunha, Marina R. ; Pleijel, Fredrik 2010: Nephtyidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from southern Europe. Zootaxa 2682: 1-68. , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2010/f/zt02682p068.pdf
page(s): 45 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Czerniavsky, 1882) Rainer, Sebastian F. 1989. Redescription of Nephtys assimilis and N. kersivalensis (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida) and a key to Nephtys from Northern Europe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 69: 875-889. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Czerniavsky, 1882) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys neapolitana Grube, 1840) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis scolopendroides Delle Chiaje, 1828) Augener, H. 1934. Polychaeten aus den Zoologischen Museen von Leiden und Amsterdam. IV Schluss. Zoologische Mededeelingen s'Rijks Museum van Natuurlijke Historie Leiden, 17: 67-160., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/318471 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys maeotica Czerniavsky, 1882) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys macandrewi Baird, 1873) Hartman, O. (1950). Polychaetous annelids. Goniadidae, Glyceridae and Nephtyidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions. 15(1): 1-181. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys langerhansi Czerniavsky, 1882) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys scolopendroides (Delle Chiaje, 1828)) McIntosh, W. C. (1900). Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. XX. 1. On the Reproduction and Development of Pholoe minuta, O. Fabr. 2. On the British Nephthydidae. 3. On Nephthys (Aglaophanus)[sic] inermis, Ehlers, from the 'Porcupine'. 4. On the Nephthydidae of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. Series. Series 7. vol. 5(27):254-268, pl.7,8.
page(s): 258 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis splendida [auct. attributed to Blainville, 1825]) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 271; note: listing as "splendida Blainville, 1825" "indeterminable" [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis splendida [auct. attributed to Blainville, 1825]) Blainville, Henri M. D. de. (1825). NERÉIDE Nereis (Chétopodes ), [alphabetical dictionary entry]. [multi-volume book] Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'apres l'état actuel de nos connaisance, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. vol. 34, pp. 408-455. Strasbourg and Paris, FG Levrault., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25303363
page(s): 439; note: includes name N. splendida with intended name Nereis clava, thus creating later uncertainty which should be used. Blainville intended the name to be Nereis clava [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis splendida [auct. attributed to Blainville, 1825]) Blanchard, E.; Castelnau, F.; Lucas, P. H. (1840). Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés, annelides, crustacés, arachnides, myriapodes et insectes. [Book, 5 volumes, Annelides volume 4]. M. Duménil, 1840, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/47104
page(s): 19; note: usage of Nereis splendida Blainville as synonym of Nephtys hombergii [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi [auct. misspellings]) Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi [auct. misspellings]) Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi [auct. misspellings]) McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi [auct. misspellings]) Ostroumoff A. (1896). [Résultats scientifiques de I'expédition d'Atmanai] II Polychaeta. Bulletin de l'Académie impériale des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg. (5)4(4): 111-119., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/93790#page/204/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hombergi vasculosa McIntosh, 1908) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis scolopendroides Delle Chiaje, 1828) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis clava Blainville, 1825) Blainville H.M.D. de. (1816 -1830). Planches. 2e partie: Règne Organisé. Zoologie - Vers et Zoophytes. in: plates volumes of "Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles ..." (F. Cuvier, ed.). pp. 1-32, and 68 unnumbered plates arranged according to the index. Levrault, Paris & Strasbourg., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78647
page(s): un-numbered plate; note: In the figure caption for Nephtys "de Homberg" Blainville adds "(N. clava Diction.)" [details]   

redescription  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis clava Blainville, 1825) Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 483 [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis clava Blainville, 1825) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 434; note: places "Nereis clava Leach" as incertae sedis [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype , locality France (Atlantic Ocean) [details]
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years. Generally, the females breed once each year, beginning in their second year. Breeding takes place between April and June and the larvae are planktonic.


N. hombergii is potentially a long-lived species, viz. up to 5 years, as determined from the annual rings in its jaws.


N. hombergii is a burrowing predator of juvenile molluscs, crustaceans and other polychaetes. lt also feeds on carrion, diatoms and detritus. Studies in the Wadden Sea have shown this species to be sensitive to low winter temperatures. After cold winters the reduced population showed an increase in production (Clark, 1962; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Kirkegaard, 1978; Beukema, 1979; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Beukema & Essink, 1986; Sips, 1988; Fish & Fish, 1989; Mathivat-lailier & Cazaux, 1991; Olive & Morgan, 1991; Rainer, 1991). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Large (up to 200 mm) robust free-living bristle worms with a flattened body. The small head features
an eversible proboscis with papillae, horny jaws and four short antennae. The dorsal parapodial flaps have a clearly visible papilla-like projection. It is pink to flesh-coloured; the gills are red. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The species is common near the coast, in the Wadden Sea and almost the entire Delta area, with high densities in the Oosterschelde. N. hombergii is furthermore abundant in the southern part of the Dogger Bank. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Although Nephtys hombergii can be found across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea, the species chiefly occurs in the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the densities did not exceed 100 ind./m2 whereas densities of more than 300 ind./m2 were observed in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat It is not found in the clean sandy substrates in the Southern Bight, in contrast to N. cirrosa and N. longosetosa. Other studies, however, have reported it from sand, muddy sand, mud and gravel. The species seems to dominate at locations with regularly or permanente low oxygen concentrations (Fallesen & Jorgensen, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Nephtys hombergii prefers fine sediments: in sediments with a median grain size less than 50 μm the
species reaches a relative occurrence of > 90%. The higher the median grain size, the lower the relative occurrence. Nephtys hombergii is no longer found in sediments with a median grain size exceeding 500 μm. Although N. hombergii can be found in sediments with both high and low mud content, the general trend is that the relative occurrence increases as the mud content increases. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A robust nephtyid that is markedly rectangular in cross section. Differences with other the Nephtys species are the combination of lacking dorsal cirri, incised parapodial lobes and distinctly curved gills. The body is maximally 150 mm long with 200 segments. lt is pink to flesh-coloured, with a pearly sheen and red gills (Fish & Fish, 1989; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Sips, 1988; Hayward & Ryland, 1990; Rainer, 1991). [details]
 

Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandzager  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcatworm  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornephtysUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarput  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOpalwurm  [details]