WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys Cuvier, 1817

129370  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129370)

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAonis Savigny, 1822 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentinephtys Imajima, 1987 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys [auctt.] (variant spelling)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys (Aglaophamus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys (Aglaophamus) inermis Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInermonephtys inermis (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys (Aglaophamus) munamaorii Gibbs, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus munamaorii (Gibbs, 1971) (superseded original combination)
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys abranchiata Ehlers, 1913
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys acrochaeta Hartman, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys assignis Hartman, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys assimilis Örsted, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys bangladeshi Hossain & Hutchings, 2016
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys bilobatus Kudenov, 1975
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys brachycephala Moore, 1903
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys brevibranchis Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys bruuni Kirkegaard, 1995
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys bucera Ehlers, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caecoides Hartman, 1938
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys californiensis Hartman, 1938
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys capensis Day
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys chemulpoensis Jung & Hong, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys ciliata (Müller, 1788)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cryptomma Harper, 1986
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cuvieri Quatrefages, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys discors Ehlers, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys dussumieri Quatrefages, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys ectopa Chamberlin, 1919
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys ferruginea Hartman, 1940
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys fluviatilis Monro, 1937
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys furcifera Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys glabra Hartman, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys glossophylla Schmarda, 1861
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys gravieri Augener, 1913
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hudsonica Chamberlin, 1920
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hystricis McIntosh, 1900
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys imbricata Grube, 1857
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys impressa Baird, 1873
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys incisa Malmgren, 1865
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys inornata Rainer & Hutchings, 1977
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys kersivalensis McIntosh, 1908
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys longipes Stimpson, 1856
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys longosetosa Örsted, 1842
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys magellanica Augener, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys mesobranchia Rainer & Hutchings, 1977
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys monroi Hartman, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys multicirrata Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys neopolybranchia Imajima & Takeda, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys oculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys palatii Gravier, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys panamensis Monro, 1928
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys paradoxa Malm, 1874
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys pente Rainer, 1984
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys phasuki Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1986
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys phyllocirra Ehlers, 1887
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys picta Ehlers, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys polybranchia Southern, 1921
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys punctata Hartman, 1938
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys quatrefagesi (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys rickettsi Hartman, 1938
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys sachalinensis Alalykina & Dnestrovskaya, 2015
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys schmitti Hartman, 1938
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys semiverrucosa Rainer & Hutchings, 1977
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys serrata Imajima & Takeda, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys simoni Perkins, 1980
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys sinensis Fauvel, 1932
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys singularis Hartman, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys spiribranchis Ehlers, 1918
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys squamosa Ehlers, 1887
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys sukumoensis Kitamori, 1960
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys triangula Dixon-Bridges, Gladstone & Hutchings, 2014
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys tulearensis Fauvel, 1919
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys yuryi Dnestrovskaya, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys zatsepini Jirkov, 1986

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys australiensis Fauchald, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus australiensis (Fauchald, 1965) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys bononensis Quatrefages, 1850 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys borealis Örsted, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys ciliata (Müller, 1788)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cornuta Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipalponephtys cornuta (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945) (superseded original combination )
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys danida Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1986 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipalponephtys danida (Nateewathana & Hylleberg, 1986) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys dibranchis Grube, 1877 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus dibranchis (Grube, 1877) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys elamellata Eliason, 1951 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus elamellatus (Eliason, 1951) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys inermis Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInermonephtys inermis (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys lyrochaeta Fauvel, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus lyrochaeta (Fauvel, 1902) (synonym via genus original spelling)
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys malmgreni Théel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus malmgreni (Théel, 1879) (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys minuta (Théel, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicronephthys minuta (Théel, 1879) (superseded recombination (strictly a subsequent generic spelling))
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys mirocirris Fauchald, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys gravieri Augener, 1913 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys neotena (Noyes, 1980) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipalponephtys neotena (Noyes, 1980) (superseded recombination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys oligobranchia Southern, 1921 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicronephthys oligobranchia (Southern, 1921) (superseded original combination (Southern's genus spelling Nephthys))
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys parva Clark & Jones, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cornuta Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipalponephtys cornuta (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys pulchra Rainer, 1991 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus pulcher (Rainer, 1991) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys rubella Michaelsen, 1897 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus agilis (Langerhans, 1880) (corrected spelling (originally as Nephthys) and subsequent subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys serratifolia Ehlers, 1897 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys imbricata Grube, 1857 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys serratus Hartman, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys imbricata Grube, 1857 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys signifera Hilbig, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys ferruginea Hartman, 1940 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys sphaerocirrata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicronephthys sphaerocirrata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (superseded combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys vikingensis Paxton, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys longipes Stimpson, 1856 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Cuvier, Georges L., 1817. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. VOLUME 4. Les Zoophytes, les Tables, et les Planches. Deterville, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17709
page(s): Additions & Corrections p.173 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Type species generally said to be Nephtys...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Type species generally said to be Nephtys hombergii Savigny MS in Lamarck (1818). Savigny (1822) as finally published refers to "Nephthys Hombergii. Cuv. Collect. et Règn; anim. tom. IV, pag. 173". However, N. hombergii is not mentioned at all by Cuvier (1817). Cuvier (1817) introduced in "especes de Nephtys" the following six species listed as their original names in Nereis. (Nereis ciliata [Muller, 1776 = Nephtys], Nereis stellifera [Muller, 1788 = Sigalion], Nereis alba [Muller 1776 = Glycera], Nereis maculata [Linnaeus, 1767 = Phyllodoce], Nereis crassa [Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 = Nereis], and 'peut-etre aussi' Nereis punctata [Müller, 1788 = Nereimyra]). Thus N. hombergii was not originally included and cannot be the type species (ICZN Art.67.2) unless it is a synonym of one of the originally included species. Only Nephtys ciliata seems eligible for type species status.
 [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists, influentially including Savigny in "Description de l'Égypte ..." (finally published 1822), then they used a variant spelling of the name adopted in Greek for an Egyptian goddess, transliterated from heiroglyphs as Nebet-het, sister of Isis and Osiris, and companion of Set (see e.g., Wikipedia on Nephthys ).  [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Nephtys. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129370 on 2017-12-15

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-07-16 08:06:51Z
changed
2012-10-25 00:07:53Z
changed
2017-09-05 01:53:38Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Cuvier, Georges L., 1817. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. VOLUME 4. Les Zoophytes, les Tables, et les Planches. Deterville, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17709
page(s): Additions & Corrections p.173 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentinephtys Imajima, 1987) Imajima, Minoru and Takeda, Yasuyo 1987. Nephtyidae (Polychaeta) from Japan. II. The genera Dentinephtys and Nephtys. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Ser. A (Zoology), 13(2): 41-77.
page(s): 43 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAonis Savigny, 1822) Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 1(3):1-128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 45 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

identification resource Dixon-Bridges, Kylie; Gladstone, William; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). One new species of Micronephthys Friedrich, 1939 and one new species of Nephtys Cuvier, 1817 (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida: Nephtyidae) from eastern Australia with notes on Aglaophamus australiensis (Fauchald, 1965) and a key to all Australian species. Zootaxa. 3872(5): 513-540., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3872.5.5
page(s): 531 [tabulation of Australian and Indo-pacific species of Nephtys]] [details]   

identification resource Hossain, M. Belal; Hutchings, Pat. (2016). Nephtys bangladeshi n. sp., a new species of Nephtyidae (Annelida: Phyllodocida) from Bangladesh coastal waters. Zootaxa. 4079(1): 41-52., available online at http://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4079.1.3
page(s): 48; note: Table of Indo-Pacific Nephtys species [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentinephtys Imajima, 1987) Ravara, Ascensão; Wiklund, Helena; Cunha, Marina R. ; Pleijel, Fredrik. 2010: Phylogenetic relationships within Nephtyidae (Polychaeta, Annelida). Zoologica Scripta 39(4): 394-405.
page(s): 63 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys [auctt.]) Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 1(3):1-128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 34 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists, influentially including Savigny in "Description de l'Égypte ..." (finally published 1822), then they used a variant spelling of the name adopted in Greek for an Egyptian goddess, transliterated from heiroglyphs as Nebet-het, sister of Isis and Osiris, and companion of Set (see e.g., Wikipedia on Nephthys ).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Open softshore beaches, but also offshore to deepsea [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling Cuvier first edition "Le Règne Animal ..." (1817 vol.4, p.173) introduces Nephtys, and Lamarck (1818:314) follows that spelling, whether or not it is the same as in Savigny's MS, whereas subsequent 1830 and 1836 editions of Cuvier use the spelling Nephthys as in the Greek form of the name. As finally published Savigny's "Description de l'Égypte ..." (1822) has the Nephthys form. The spelling Nephtys as first published must be followed, and for example Quatrefages (1866:420) adheres to that spelling. But others did not. Prevailing usage today follows the original spelling. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Type species generally said to be Nephtys hombergii Savigny MS in Lamarck (1818). Savigny (1822) as finally published refers to "Nephthys Hombergii. Cuv. Collect. et Règn; anim. tom. IV, pag. 173". However, N. hombergii is not mentioned at all by Cuvier (1817). Cuvier (1817) introduced in "especes de Nephtys" the following six species listed as their original names in Nereis. (Nereis ciliata [Muller, 1776 = Nephtys], Nereis stellifera [Muller, 1788 = Sigalion], Nereis alba [Muller 1776 = Glycera], Nereis maculata [Linnaeus, 1767 = Phyllodoce], Nereis crassa [Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 = Nereis], and 'peut-etre aussi' Nereis punctata [Müller, 1788 = Nereimyra]). Thus N. hombergii was not originally included and cannot be the type species (ICZN Art.67.2) unless it is a synonym of one of the originally included species. Only Nephtys ciliata seems eligible for type species status.
 [details]
 



Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]