WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868

130357 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130357)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868 (genus spelling variant)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Heinen, 1911 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868) Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Medium-sized (up to 100 mm) free-living...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Medium-sized (up to 100 mm) free-living bristle worms with a flattened body. The small head bears an eversible proboscis with papillae, horny jaws and four short antennae. The species distinguishes itself from other Nephtys species by typical parapodial flaps and a branchial cirrus that, on the last parapodia, is as long as the gill. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. cirrosa is a dominant species in the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. cirrosa is a dominant species in the Southern Bight with high densities at the Brown Bank and near the coast. lt is furthermore common at the Dogger Bank. Only few individuals are found in the Oyster Ground. Low densities are furthermore reported from the Delta area and the western Wadden Sea. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Nephtys cirrosa was widely...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Nephtys cirrosa was widely spread on the Belgian part of the North Sea, where the species was observed from the coastal zone to the open sea in rather large quantities and with a high frequency of occurrence. Maximum density of N. cirrosa in the 1976-1986 period was 100 ind./m2 whereas densities up to 1,000 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2015). Nephtys cirrosa. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130357 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2015-05-19 08:44:45Z
changed

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original description Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868) Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Heinen, 1911) Heinen, Adolf. (1911). Die Nephthydeen und Lycorideen der Nord- und Ostsee, einschliesslich der verbindenden Meeresteile. Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen (Abteilung Kiel), Neue Folge. 13: 1-87, plate I, 5 maps., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/53069#page/11/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Heinen, 1911) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1882). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 57(1): 146-198., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34267696 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Ravara, Ascensão ; Cunha, Marina R. ; Pleijel, Fredrik 2010: Nephtyidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from southern Europe. Zootaxa 2682: 1-68. , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2010/f/zt02682p068.pdf
page(s): 41 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868) McIntosh, W. C. (1900). Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. XX. 1. On the Reproduction and Development of Pholoe minuta, O. Fabr. 2. On the British Nephthydidae. 3. On Nephthys (Aglaophanus)[sic] inermis, Ehlers, from the 'Porcupine'. 4. On the Nephthydidae of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. Series. Series 7. vol. 5(27):254-268, pl.7,8.
page(s): 261 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Heinen, 1911) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Heinen, 1911) Rainer, Sebastian F. 1989. Redescription of Nephtys assimilis and N. kersivalensis (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida) and a key to Nephtys from Northern Europe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 69: 875-889. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Heinen, 1911) Rainer, S. F. (1991). The genus Nephtys (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida) of northern Europe: A review of species, including the description of N. pulchra sp. n. and a key to the Nephtyidae. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen. 45(1-2): 65-96., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02365637
page(s): 72 [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Breeding occurs in March and August. The species presumably has planktonic larvae.


Analyses of its gut contents has shown this species to be a predator of small invertebrates (Clark, 1962; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Olive & Morgan, 1991). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Medium-sized (up to 100 mm) free-living bristle worms with a flattened body. The small head bears an eversible proboscis with papillae, horny jaws and four short antennae. The species distinguishes itself from other Nephtys species by typical parapodial flaps and a branchial cirrus that, on the last parapodia, is as long as the gill. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. cirrosa is a dominant species in the Southern Bight with high densities at the Brown Bank and near the coast. lt is furthermore common at the Dogger Bank. Only few individuals are found in the Oyster Ground. Low densities are furthermore reported from the Delta area and the western Wadden Sea. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Nephtys cirrosa was widely spread on the Belgian part of the North Sea, where the species was observed from the coastal zone to the open sea in rather large quantities and with a high frequency of occurrence. Maximum density of N. cirrosa in the 1976-1986 period was 100 ind./m2 whereas densities up to 1,000 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The distribution of N. cirrosa appears to be strongly related to the grain size of the sediment, i.e. it prefers clean, coarse to fine sandy sediments as found in the Southern Bight (Rainer, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Nephtys cirrosa is found in sediments with a median grain size of 250 to 550 μm and reaches a very high relative occurrence (> 80%). However, N. cirrosa can also be found in finer and coarser sediments. The species is observed in mud-poor sediments as well as in mud-rich sediments, but nevertheless displays a slight preference for low mud content levels (< 10%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A relatively slender nephtyid polychaete of a few centimetres long and about 95 segrnents. Apart from its dimensions, N. cirrosa differs from the other Nephtys species by the absence of dorsal cirri, the serrated sculpture of the chaetae and the small size and shape of the gills. lt is yellowish white with red gills (Wolff, 1973; Sips, 1988; Hayward & Ryland, 1990; Olive & Morgan, 1991). [details]
 

Feeding Type
carnivore [details]
predator [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandzager  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwhite catworm  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornephtysUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarput  [details]