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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cirrosa (Ehlers, 1868) 
AphiaID: 130357

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida incertae sedis (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtyidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys Cuvier, 1817
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ehlersi Heinen, 1911 (subjective synonym)
Sources  original description Ehlers, E. 1868. Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume II. xx, 269-748. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2081 [details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. 2004. Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here][details]

redescription Ravara, Ascensão ; Cunha, Marina R. ; Pleijel, Fredrik 2010: Nephtyidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from southern Europe. Zootaxa 2682: 1-68. , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2010/f/zt02682p068.pdf
page(s): 41 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandzager  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwhite catworm  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornephtysUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarput  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cirrosa longicornis Jakubova, 1930
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtypes  carnivore [details]
predator [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (6 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (8 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (4 nucleotides; 1 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Breeding occurs in March and August. The species presumably has planktonic larvae.


Analyses of its gut contents has shown this species to be a predator of small invertebrates (Clark, 1962; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Olive & Morgan, 1991). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Medium-sized (up to 100 mm) free-living bristle worms with a flattened body. The small head bears an eversible proboscis with papillae, horny jaws and four short antennae. The species distinguishes itself from other Nephtys species by typical parapodial flaps and a branchial cirrus that, on the last parapodia, is as long as the gill. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. cirrosa is a dominant species in the Southern Bight with high densities at the Brown Bank and near the coast. lt is furthermore common at the Dogger Bank. Only few individuals are found in the Oyster Ground. Low densities are furthermore reported from the Delta area and the western Wadden Sea. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Nephtys cirrosa was widely spread on the Belgian part of the North Sea, where the species was observed from the coastal zone to the open sea in rather large quantities and with a high frequency of occurrence. Maximum density of N. cirrosa in the 1976-1986 period was 100 ind./m2 whereas densities up to 1,000 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The distribution of N. cirrosa appears to be strongly related to the grain size of the sediment, i.e. it prefers clean, coarse to fine sandy sediments as found in the Southern Bight (Rainer, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Nephtys cirrosa is found in sediments with a median grain size of 250 to 550 μm and reaches a very high relative occurrence (> 80%). However, N. cirrosa can also be found in finer and coarser sediments. The species is observed in mud-poor sediments as well as in mud-rich sediments, but nevertheless displays a slight preference for low mud content levels (< 10%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A relatively slender nephtyid polychaete of a few centimetres long and about 95 segrnents. Apart from its dimensions, N. cirrosa differs from the other Nephtys species by the absence of dorsal cirri, the serrated sculpture of the chaetae and the small size and shape of the gills. lt is yellowish white with red gills (Wolff, 1973; Sips, 1988; Hayward & Ryland, 1990; Olive & Morgan, 1991). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130357
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Nephtys cirrosa (Ehlers, 1868). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130357 on 2014-11-01
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License