WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)

140302 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140302)
accepted
Species
marine
da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802 [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802
page(s): 198-199 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A solid shell with a more or less triangular...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves cover the shell. The growth
lines are clearly visible. Measures up to 30 mm long. Fresh specimens are cream-coloured or yellowish white with a dun epidermis. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001 period, however, a preference for the near-coastal zone could be observed. Very high concentrations (up to 1,300 ind./m2) were especially observed near the western near-coastal zone. [details]
Gofas, S. (2004). Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140302 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

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original description da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra deltoides Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome cinquième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra euxinica Krynicki, 1837) Krynicki A.J. (1837) Conchylia tam terrestria, quam fluviatilia et e maribus adjacentibus Imperii Rossici indigena, quae pro mutua offeruntur historiae naturalis cultoribus commutatione. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 10(2): 50–64, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41311962 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra lactea Poli, 1791) Poli J.X. 1791. Testacea Utriusque Siciliae eorumque historia et anatome. vol. 1., pp. 1-74, i-lxii, pl. 1-18. Parma, Regio Typographeio., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k98949k [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra striata T. Brown, 1827) Brown, T. (1827). Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland. Drawn from nature. W.H. Lizars and D. Lizars, Edinburgh and S. Highley, London. 144 pp., 52 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127868 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra triangula Brocchi, 1814) Brocchi, G. B. (1814) Conchiologia fossile subapennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Apennini e sul suolo adiacente. Milano Vol. I: pp. LXXX + 56 + 240; Vol. II, p. 241-712, pl. 1-16 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802
page(s): 198-199 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. inaequalis Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 420 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. tenuis Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 420 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. transversa Pallary, 1902) Pallary, P. (1902). Liste des mollusques testacés de la baie de Tanger. Journal de Conchyliologie. 50: 1-39, pl. 1., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16318852
page(s): 35 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. conemenosi Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy E., Dautzenberg P. & Dollfus G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, november 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, august 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, may 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, april 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, april 1891; pp. 221-272, pl. 38-44, april 1892; pp. 273-320, pl. 45-51, may 1892; pp. 321-388, pl. 52-59, november 1893; pp. 389-450, pl. 60-67, december 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, march 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, april 1896; p. 621-690, pl. 89-95, march 1898; p. 693-884, pl. 96-99, october 1898]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103592 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Howson, C. M.; Picton, B. E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. conemenosi Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. transversa Pallary, 1902) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. tenuis Jeffreys, 1864) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. inaequalis Jeffreys, 1864) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula triangula) Gofas, Serge (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula triangula) MedOBIS (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra deltoides Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra triangula Brocchi, 1814) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra striata T. Brown, 1827) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra lactea Poli, 1791) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra euxinica Krynicki, 1837) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology This species probably spawns in winter and early spring. The pelagic larval stage seems to last fairly long. S. subtruncata is a suspension feeder and forms an important food item for diving birds like the Common Scooter that overwinter along the Dutch coast (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves cover the shell. The growth
lines are clearly visible. Measures up to 30 mm long. Fresh specimens are cream-coloured or yellowish white with a dun epidermis. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001 period, however, a preference for the near-coastal zone could be observed. Very high concentrations (up to 1,300 ind./m2) were especially observed near the western near-coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat S. subtruncata lives in bottoms consisting of sand and muddy fine sand (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Tebble, 1966). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Spisula subtruncata occurs in different sediment types: from very fine to coarse sand and from low to high mud content. However, a preference can be observed for rather fine-grained sediments (median grain size 150-250 μm) enriched with mud (mud content of 10-40%). Spisula subtruncata is present in 60% of these sediment types. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A solid shell, somewhat triangular in outline with rounded corners. Large specimens reach 25 mm in length. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves covers the shell. The growth stages are clear. It is dirty white in colour, with a greenish or greyish brown periostracum. The inside of the shell is white (Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990) [details]
 

Feeding Type
suspension feeder [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudanthessius gracilis Claus, 1889 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvælvet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhalfgeknotte strandschelp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsubtruncate surf clamUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcut trough shell  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspisule tronquéeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordouceron triangulaire  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgedrungene Trogmuschel  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΠετσινάκιUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΑχιβαδάκι  [details]