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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778) 
AphiaID: 140302

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactroidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula subtruncata (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula Gray, 1837
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra deltoides Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra euxinica Krynicki, 1837
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra lactea Poli, 1791
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra striata T. Brown, 1827
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. conemenosi Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. inaequalis Jeffreys, 1864 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. tenuis Jeffreys, 1864 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra subtruncata var. transversa Pallary, 1902 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra triangula Brocchi, 1814
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula triangula (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778
Sources  original description Da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson XII + 254 + VIII p., 17 pl: , available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvælvet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhalfgeknotte strandschelp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcut trough shell  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspisule tronquée  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgedrungene Trogmuschel  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΠετσινάκιUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΑχιβαδάκι  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Algeria
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorJijel  [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKoksijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWenduine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeebrugge [details]
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUkrainian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAlgiers Bay [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanaries [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGoote Bank [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudanthessius gracilis Claus, 1889 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (2 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (51 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (4 nucleotides; 1 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Bivalves of the British Isles webpage at National Museum of Wales 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology This species probably spawns in winter and early spring. The pelagic larval stage seems to last fairly long. S. subtruncata is a suspension feeder and forms an important food item for diving birds like the Common Scooter that overwinter along the Dutch coast (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves cover the shell. The growth
lines are clearly visible. Measures up to 30 mm long. Fresh specimens are cream-coloured or yellowish white with a dun epidermis. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001 period, however, a preference for the near-coastal zone could be observed. Very high concentrations (up to 1,300 ind./m2) were especially observed near the western near-coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat S. subtruncata lives in bottoms consisting of sand and muddy fine sand (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Tebble, 1966). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Spisula subtruncata occurs in different sediment types: from very fine to coarse sand and from low to high mud content. However, a preference can be observed for rather fine-grained sediments (median grain size 150-250 μm) enriched with mud (mud content of 10-40%). Spisula subtruncata is present in 60% of these sediment types. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A solid shell, somewhat triangular in outline with rounded corners. Large specimens reach 25 mm in length. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves covers the shell. The growth stages are clear. It is dirty white in colour, with a greenish or greyish brown periostracum. The inside of the shell is white (Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990) [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140302
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
  
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  Citation: Gofas, S. (2014). Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140302 on 2014-11-28
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License