WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844

130544

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130544

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares ottonis Grube, 1846 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares tenuis Haswell, 1883 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOps digitata Carrington, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia brachycera Marion, 1876 (subjective synonym)

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia fusiformis collaris Hartman, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia collaris Hartman, 1955 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1841 & 1844. [POLYCHAETA context] Descrizione e Notomia degli Animali Invertebrati della Sicilia Citeriore osservati vivi negli anni 1822-1830. [Tome 1, 98 pp.; Tome 2, 146 pp; Tome 3, 142 pp [Molluschi Acefali, Bracciopedi, Cirropedi, Crostacei, Anellosi]; Tome 4, 142 pp.; Tome 5, 165 pp. [1841, incl. Annelosi Afroditici]; Tome 6-7, pl. 1-173 [1841], pl. 174-181 [1844]; Tome 8 (Appendici, osservazioni critiche, indice generale), 48 pp. [1844] Napoli, Stabilimento Tipografico di C. Batelli e Co., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10031
page(s): v.8:31, plate 175 (1844) [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Tube-living bristle worm with a cylindrical...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Tube-living bristle worm with a cylindrical body up to 100 mm long. The head features a crown of six
short, branched and membraneous gills. The segments number 30 and differ in length. The flexible
tube of cemented sand grains and shell fragments is longer than the worm itself. The worm is able to
withdraw from the end protruding from the sediment surface, which subsequently bends down. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Owenia fusiformis has a limited distribution...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Owenia fusiformis has a limited distribution on the Belgian part of the North Sea: in both periods the species was only observed in the near-coastal zone with the exception of eastern coastal zone. Whereas O. fusiformis was only found in low densities in the 1976-1986 period (maximum 15 ind./m2), densities up to 500 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the northern part of the Oyster Ground. The species is also found in the southern part of the study area, viz. near the coast and in the easternmost part of the Oosterschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Owenia fusiformis. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130544 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1841 & 1844. [POLYCHAETA context] Descrizione e Notomia degli Animali Invertebrati della Sicilia Citeriore osservati vivi negli anni 1822-1830. [Tome 1, 98 pp.; Tome 2, 146 pp; Tome 3, 142 pp [Molluschi Acefali, Bracciopedi, Cirropedi, Crostacei, Anellosi]; Tome 4, 142 pp.; Tome 5, 165 pp. [1841, incl. Annelosi Afroditici]; Tome 6-7, pl. 1-173 [1841], pl. 174-181 [1844]; Tome 8 (Appendici, osservazioni critiche, indice generale), 48 pp. [1844] Napoli, Stabilimento Tipografico di C. Batelli e Co., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10031
page(s): v.8:31, plate 175 (1844) [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares aedificator Andrews, 1891) Andrews, Ethan Allen. (1891). Report upon the Annelida Polychaeta of Beaufort, North Carolina. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 14(852): 277-302, plates XII-XVIII., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7543195 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares occidentale Johnson, 1901) Johnson, Herbert Parlin. (1901). The Polychaeta of the Puget Sound region. Proceedings of the Boston Society for Natural History. 29(18): 381-437, plates 1-19., available online at http://www.archive.org/stream/proceedingsbost07unkngoog#page/n436/mode/2up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares orientalis Grube, 1878) Grube, A.E. 1878. Annulata Semperiana. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Annelidenfauna der Philippinen. Memoires de L'Academie Imperiale.des Sciences de St.Petersbourg., Ser. 7, 25(8): 1-300., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/162068#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares ottonis Grube, 1846) Grube, Adolph-Eduard 1846. Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Zweiter Beitrag: Corephorus elegans Gr., Ammochares Ottonis Gr., Dasymallus caducus Gr., Scalis minax Gr. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 12: 161-171,plate 5, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13704924 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOps digitata Carrington, 1865) Carrington, B. 1865. On the chaetopod annelids of the Southport sands. Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophical Society of, Manchester, 1865: 176-188. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia filiformis Claparède, 1870) Claparède, Édouard 1870. Les Annélides Chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Seconde partie. Annélides sédentaires. Mémoires de la Société de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Genève, 20(1): 1-225., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/lesannlidesch02clap [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares tenuis Haswell, 1883) Haswell, William A. (1883). On some new Australian tubicolous annelids. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 7(4): 633-638., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6462370 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia brachycera Marion, 1876) Marion, A. F. 1876. Sur les Annelides de Marseille. Rev.sci.nat.Montpellier, 4: 301-312. [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. 1914. Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accompliés par le Prince Albert I, 46: 1-432., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18640#9 [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1915. A monograph of the British Annelids. Volume III. Part I. Text. Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. 1-368. Ray Society. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118632#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Helm, Conrad; Vöcking, Oliver; Kourtesis, Ioannis; Hausen, Harald. (2016). Owenia fusiformis – a basally branching annelid suitable for studying ancestral features of annelid neural development. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 16(1)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0690-4
note: larval development [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Augener, H. 1934. Polychaeten aus den Zoologischen Museen von Leiden und Amsterdam. IV Schluss. Zoologische Mededeelingen s'Rijks Museum van Natuurlijke Historie Leiden, 17: 67-160., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/318471 [details]   

additional source Augener, H. (1914). Polychaeta II: Sedentaria. pp. 1-72. In: Michaelsen, W. and Hartmeyer, R. (Eds.). Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Ergebnisse der Hamburger südwest-australischen Forschungsreise 1905. Volume 5. Gustav Fischer. Jena. [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Dauvin, J.C. and Thiebaut, Eric. (1994). Is Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje a cosmopolitan species?. Mémoires du Muséum national D'histoire naturelle. 162: 383-404.
note: maintain that Owenia fusiformis is widely distributed [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOps digitata Carrington, 1865) McIntosh, W.C. 1915. A monograph of the British Annelids. Volume III. Part I. Text. Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. 1-368. Ray Society. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118632#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 356 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia brachycera Marion, 1876) Fauvel, P. 1914. Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accompliés par le Prince Albert I, 46: 1-432., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18640#9 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia filiformis Claparède, 1870) Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares ottonis Grube, 1846) McIntosh, W.C. 1915. A monograph of the British Annelids. Volume III. Part I. Text. Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. 1-368. Ray Society. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118632#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares tenuis Haswell, 1883) Augener, H. (1914). Polychaeta II: Sedentaria. pp. 1-72. In: Michaelsen, W. and Hartmeyer, R. (Eds.). Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Ergebnisse der Hamburger südwest-australischen Forschungsreise 1905. Volume 5. Gustav Fischer. Jena. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares orientalis Grube, 1878) Augener, H. (1914). Polychaeta II: Sedentaria. pp. 1-72. In: Michaelsen, W. and Hartmeyer, R. (Eds.). Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Ergebnisse der Hamburger südwest-australischen Forschungsreise 1905. Volume 5. Gustav Fischer. Jena. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares aedificator Andrews, 1891) McIntosh, W.C. 1915. A monograph of the British Annelids. Volume III. Part I. Text. Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. 1-368. Ray Society. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118632#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares occidentale Johnson, 1901) Augener, H. (1914). Polychaeta II: Sedentaria. pp. 1-72. In: Michaelsen, W. and Hartmeyer, R. (Eds.). Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Ergebnisse der Hamburger südwest-australischen Forschungsreise 1905. Volume 5. Gustav Fischer. Jena. [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Budaeva N.E., Jirkov I.A., Savilova T.A., Paterson G.L.J. (2014). Deep-sea fauna of European seas: An annotated species check-list of benthic invertebrates living deeper than 2000 m in the seas bordering Europe. Polychaeta. Invertebrate Zoology. Vol.11. No.1: 217–230 [in English]. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Lam WY. (2007). Response of marine macrobenthic communities upon recovery from organic pollution. Mphil thesis. City University of Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Delle Chiaje, 1844. [Tome 8 and plates 174-181 were published in 1844 according to Sherborn] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment Biologists should be wary of cryptic species in Owenia, and that not all information recorded under Owenia fusiformis in the past (it was regarded as worldwide) may relate to that species. Deepsea records of O. fusiformis are likely to be misidentifications. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date 1844. [Tome 8 and plates 174-181 were published in 1844 according to Sherborn] [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Main spawning period is short, viz. from June to July. The larvae remain in the plankton for at least four weeks. This species seems able to adapt its reproductive strategy to different environmental conditions. In more temperate waters O. fusiformis produces a distinctive type of planktotrophic larva and breeding occurs in autumn.


O. fusiformis lives in tubes that are partly buried in the sediment and partly extended from the sediment. It is able to live in low oxygen concentrations for a short time.


O. fusiformis selectively ingests suspended and deposited particles. It feeds by means of the lobed tentacular crown, either in an upright position or bent over to the sediment surface, thereby exposing its anterior part. The species is often found in stomachs of flatfish, haddock and cod (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Fish & Fish, 1989; Gentil et al., 1990). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Tube-living bristle worm with a cylindrical body up to 100 mm long. The head features a crown of six
short, branched and membraneous gills. The segments number 30 and differ in length. The flexible
tube of cemented sand grains and shell fragments is longer than the worm itself. The worm is able to
withdraw from the end protruding from the sediment surface, which subsequently bends down. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Owenia fusiformis has a limited distribution on the Belgian part of the North Sea: in both periods the species was only observed in the near-coastal zone with the exception of eastern coastal zone. Whereas O. fusiformis was only found in low densities in the 1976-1986 period (maximum 15 ind./m2), densities up to 500 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the northern part of the Oyster Ground. The species is also found in the southern part of the study area, viz. near the coast and in the easternmost part of the Oosterschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Although Owenia fusiformis can be found in fine to coarse sediments (150 to 500 μm) the species only reaches a high relative occurrence in the finer sediments. Sediment has to contain mud to be suitable for O. fusiformis. The highest relative occurrence is reached in sediments with a mud content of 10 to 40%. Owenia fusiformis does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 40%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat In the study area O. fusiformis is predominantly found in substrates composed of fine sand with a high mud content, such as occur in the Oyster Ground. The distribution of this species is thought to be determined by temperature (Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A species with a long, cylindrical body lacking parapodia. The frontal end of the body consists of a circle of short, fringed tentacles. The maximum length amounts to 50 mm with 30 segments. The body is greenish or yellowish, with paler transverse bands. The tube is characteristic, tapering towards one end and composed of overlapping shell fragments or sand grains (Fager, 1964; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
detritus feeder [details]
filter feeder [details]
suspension feeder [details]
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortubeworm  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspindelförmige Owenie  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorチマキゴカイ  [details]