WoRMS source details

Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls.
5916
Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E.
1971
Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms
Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History)
London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls
Publication
Distribution tables and annotated keys to the shallow-water echinoderms of the Indo-West Pacific.
Indo West Pacific Region
Benthos
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Actinometra multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Capillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Amphimetra ensifer (AH Clark, 1909) (additional source)
Amphimetra laevipinna (Carpenter, 1882) (additional source)
Amphimetra tessellata (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Amphiodia dividua Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphiodia microplax Burfield, 1924 represented as Amphiodia (Amphispina) microplax Burfield, 1924 (basis of record)
Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Amphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) represented as Amphioplus (Lymanella) hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Amphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) represented as Amphioplus (Lymanella) hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Amphioplus laevis (Lyman, 1874) represented as Amphioplus (Lymanella) laevis (Lyman, 1874) (basis of record)
Amphioplus personatus (Koehler, 1905) represented as Amphioplus (Amphioplus) personatus (Koehler, 1905) (basis of record)
Amphioplus timsae Mortensen, 1926 (basis of record)
Amphiura (Amphiura) dejectoides H.L. Clark, 1939 (basis of record)
Amphiura africana J.B. Balinsky, 1957 represented as Amphiura (Fellaria) africana (J.B. Balinsky, 1957) (basis of record)
Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) candida Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Anthenea aspera Döderlein, 1915 (additional source)
Anthenea australiae Döderlein, 1915 (additional source)
Anthenea viguieri Döderlein, 1915 (basis of record)
Archaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Archaster typicus Müller & Troschel, 1840 (basis of record)
Asterias multiradiata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Capillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Asterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) accepted as Aquilonastra cepheus (Muller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) (basis of record)
Asterodiscides helonotus (Fisher, 1913) (basis of record)
Asteropsis carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Astroboa clavata (Lyman, 1861) (basis of record)
Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (basis of record)
Astropecten granulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Astropecten mauritianus Gray, 1840 (basis of record)
Astropecten orsinii Leipoldt, 1895 (basis of record)
Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Astropyga Gray, 1825 (basis of record)
Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Athyone transitoria (Vaney, 1905) Cherbonnier, 1955 (basis of record)
Bohadschia graeffei (Semper, 1868) accepted as Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper, 1868) (basis of record)
Bohadschia koellikeri (Semper, 1868) (basis of record)
Bohadschia similis (Semper, 1868) accepted as Bohadschia vitiensis (Semper, 1868) (basis of record)
Breynia desori Gray, 1851 accepted as Breynia desorii Gray, 1851 (basis of record)
Capillaster coccodistoma (Carpenter, 1882) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Capillaster macrobrachius (Hartlaub, 1890) (additional source)
Capillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Capillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Capillaster sentosus (Carpenter, 1888) (additional source)
Cenometra cornuta AH Clark, 1911 accepted as Cenometra bella (Hartlaub, 1890) (source of synonymy)
Cenometra emendatrix (Bell, 1892) (basis of record)
Cenometra herdmani AH Clark, 1909 accepted as Cenometra bella (Hartlaub, 1890) (source of synonymy)
Chaetodiadema Mortensen, 1903 (basis of record)
Chaetodiadema granulatum Mortensen, 1903 (basis of record)
Chiridota eximia Haacke, 1880 accepted as Chiridota rigida Semper, 1867 (basis of record)
Clypeaster Lamarck, 1801 (basis of record)
Clypeaster amplificatus Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Clypeaster fervens Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Clypeaster humilis (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Clypeaster rarispinus de Meijere, 1903 (basis of record)
Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Colobocentrotus (Podophora) atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Colochirus quadrangularis Troschel, 1846 (basis of record)
Comanthina schlegelii (Carpenter, 1881) accepted as Comaster schlegelii (Carpenter, 1881) (additional source)
Comanthus samoanus (AH Clark, 1909) accepted as Comanthus wahlbergii (Müller, 1843) (basis of record)
Comaster multibrachiatus (Carpenter, 1888) accepted as Phanogenia multibrachiata (Carpenter, 1888) (basis of record)
Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840) (additional source)
Cryptopelta callista H.L. Clark, 1938 (basis of record)
Culcita coriacea Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) (basis of record)
Cyrtechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (basis of record)
Decametra chadwicki (AH Clark, 1911) (basis of record)
Decametra mollis AH Clark, 1912 (basis of record)
Diadema Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Dichrometra afra AH Clark, 1912 accepted as Dichrometra flagellata (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Diploporaster barbatus Mortensen, 1950 (basis of record)
Diploporaster savignyi (Fourtau, 1904) (basis of record)
Dorometra aegyptica (AH Clark, 1911) (additional source)
Dorometra mauritiana (AH Clark, 1911) (additional source)
Dougaloplus A.M. Clark, 1970 (basis of record)
Dougaloplus echinatus (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) (basis of record)
Echinocyamus australis (Des Moulins, 1835-37) accepted as Mortonia australis (Desmoulins, 1837) (basis of record)
Echinocyamus megapetalus H.L. Clark, 1914 (basis of record)
Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 accepted as Sculpsitechinus auritus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (basis of record)
Echinolampas alexandri de Loriol, 1876 (basis of record)
Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Echinoneus abnormis de Loriol, 1883 accepted as Echinoneus abnormalis de Loriol, 1883 accepted as Koehleraster abnormalis (de Loriol, 1883) (basis of record)
Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 (basis of record)
Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Echinothrix Peters, 1853 (basis of record)
Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (basis of record)
Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Euretaster cribrosus (von Martens, 1867) (basis of record)
Ferdina flavescens Gray, 1840 (basis of record)
Fibularia ovulum Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Fromia ghardaqana Mortensen, 1938 (basis of record)
Fromia nodosa A.M. Clark, 1967 (basis of record)
Gomophia watsoni (Livingstone, 1936) (basis of record)
Goniodiscaster copperingeri (Bell, 1884) accepted as Goniodiscaster rugosus (Perrier, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Gymnechinus robillardi (de Loriol, 1883) (basis of record)
Aldabra for Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Aldabra for Ophiochaeta hirsuta Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophiomastix caryophyllata Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Bay of Bengal for Amphimetra molleri (AH Clark, 1908) 
Bay of Bengal for Craspedometra acuticirra (Carpenter, 1882) 
Bay of Bengal for Echinaster luzonicus (Gray, 1840) 
Bay of Bengal for Heterometra bengalensis (Hartlaub, 1890) 
Bay of Bengal for Heterometra crenulata (Carpenter, 1882) 
Bay of Bengal for Heterometra philiberti (Müller, 1849) 
Bay of Bengal for Heterometra pulchra AH Clark, 1912 
Bay of Bengal for Heterometra quinduplicava (Carpenter, 1888) 
Bay of Bengal for Heterometra reynaudi (Müller, 1846) 
Bay of Bengal for Heterometra singularis AH Clark, 1909 
Bay of Bengal for Himerometra robustipinna (Carpenter, 1881) 
Bay of Bengal for Metrodira subulata Gray, 1840 
Bombay for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Canonniers Point for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
Ceylon for Metrodira subulata Gray, 1840 
China for Amphimetra molleri (AH Clark, 1908) 
China for Amphimetra tessellata (Müller, 1841) 
China for Heterometra crenulata (Carpenter, 1882) 
China for Heterometra variipinna (Carpenter, 1882) 
China for Himerometra magnipinna AH Clark, 1908 
China for Himerometra robustipinna (Carpenter, 1881) 
China Sea for Amphimetra laevipinna (Carpenter, 1882) 
China Sea for Craspedometra acuticirra (Carpenter, 1882) 
Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone for Temnopleurus reevesi (Gray, 1855) 
Delagoa Bay for Heterometra delagoae (Gislén, 1938) 
East Africa for Heterometra africana (AH Clark, 1911) 
East Africa for Heterometra delagoae (Gislén, 1938) 
East Africa for Heterometra gravieri AH Clark, 1911 
East Africa for Heterometra joubini AH Clark, 1911 
East Africa for Heterometra madagascarensis (AH Clark, 1911) 
East Africa for Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) 
East Africa for Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
East India for Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
East Indies for Amphimetra ensifer (AH Clark, 1909) 
East Indies for Amphimetra molleri (AH Clark, 1908) 
East Indies for Amphimetra tessellata (Müller, 1841) 
East Indies for Craspedometra acuticirra (Carpenter, 1882) 
East Indies for Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
East Indies for Heterometra affinis (Hartlaub, 1890) 
East Indies for Heterometra amboinae (AH Clark, 1912) 
East Indies for Heterometra bengalensis (Hartlaub, 1890) 
East Indies for Heterometra crenulata (Carpenter, 1882) 
East Indies for Heterometra nematodon (Hartlaub, 1890) 
East Indies for Heterometra philiberti (Müller, 1849) 
East Indies for Heterometra producta (AH Clark, 1908) 
East Indies for Heterometra pulchra AH Clark, 1912 
East Indies for Heterometra quinduplicava (Carpenter, 1888) 
East Indies for Heterometra sarae AH Clark, 1941 
East Indies for Heterometra singularis AH Clark, 1909 
East Indies for Heterometra variipinna (Carpenter, 1882) 
East Indies for Himerometra bartschi AH Clark, 1908 
East Indies for Himerometra magnipinna AH Clark, 1908 
East Indies for Metrodira subulata Gray, 1840 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Actinopyga crassa Panning, 1944 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Actinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Actinopyga lecanora (Jaeger, 1833) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Actinopyga mauritiana (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Actinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Actinopyga plebeja (Selenka, 1867) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphiura africana J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphiura kalki Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Anapta gracilis Semper, 1867 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Archaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Asteropsis carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astroboa clavata (Lyman, 1861) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astropecten granulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astropecten monacanthus Sladen, 1883 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Bohadschia koellikeri (Semper, 1868) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Bohadschia marmorata Jaeger, 1833 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Brissopsis luzonicus (Gray, 1851) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Brissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Capillaster multiradiata (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Chiridota stuhlmanni Lampert, 1896 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Chiridota violacea (J. Müller, 1849) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster fervens Koehler, 1922 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster humilis (Leske, 1778) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster rarispinus de Meijere, 1903 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Culcita coriacea Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Holotype, geounit Egypt, identified as Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
 Authority

Authority given as '(Klein)' in Mortensen (1931) and as 'Agassiz' in Decary (1924). Type data: status and ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep brown above with deep red tips to spines, tube feet fawn (Humphreys, 1981). Associated with ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf. General distribution: tropical, western Indian Ocean, west Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 50 mm, disc diameter to 6 mm. Disc smooth, arms with three lateral spines at each ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. integer, but differs in arrangement of disc scales and shape of the arm plates. Richmond, ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. integer, but differs in arrangement of disc scales and shape of the arm plates. (Richmond, ... [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, west Pacific (also Red Sea), depth range 6-40 m. (Rowe & ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 27 mm, disc diameter to 3.5 mm. Disc and arms mottled grey, pale blue and cream. ... [details]

 Description

Disc covered by very fine scales. Radial shields three times as long as broad, distally contiguous. Oral shields ... [details]

 Description

Disc covered by fine imbricated scales, one slightly larger plate in each interradius dorsally. Radial shields ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal , East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep pink centre to disc grading through white to light purple arm tips (Humphreys, 1981). ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed around Philippine Islands (Clark & Rowe, 1971) to the South West of Japan (Rowe, 1977). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: pale grey with irregular brown markings, uniformly pale grey below. Some with commensal polynoid ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. nuda, but with thorny granules of varying size over the body and arms (Richmond 1997). Also ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 40 cm, disc diameter to 10 cm. Colour uniformly black. Habitat: coral reefs, usually ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia and Philippines (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Coulour in life: paxillae vary from cream through grey-green to brown, usually with darker patterning variable in ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: bold camouflage pattern in deep brown and beige, tube feet spread over surface give white dotted ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). Habitat: very shallow waters; coastal ... [details]

 Description

Littoral and down to 39 fathoms (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

 Description

Description: primary tubercles perforate and crenulate; ambulacra abruptly narrowing on oral side with spaced ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine ... [details]

 Description

Description: test flat, pentagonal, corners rounded, margin slightly thick; oral ambulacral furrows prominent up to ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, pakistan, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: black to deep purple-brown, peristome reddish-brown (Humphreys, 1981). Also recorded in Hawaiian ... [details]

 Description

According to Clark & Rowe (11971), known from Mauritius (and East Africa) and from temperate but not tropical ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: dark grey background with small irregular pink patches mostly adjacent to black tubercles, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Also recorded in Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan and Maldive area (Clark & Rowe (1971)); Maldives (Marshall & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981). One specimen ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: golden brown to dark brown with large irregular brown markings transversely on arms (Humphreys, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Description: test flat, slightly broader than long; peristome slightly anterior; periproct on the oral side, in the ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: variable, spine colour purple/green spines with purple tips and grey-green base or jungle green ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep red unlike Aldabra specimens which are green (Humphreys, 1981). Also recorded from 'Coin ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: deep rounded vertical burrows in dead coral rocks (Sastry, 1997). Also distributed in SE Arabia, W India, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Tuamotus and Guam (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippines, China, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area and Ceylon (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954); Ceylon bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, Ceylon and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Tuamotus, Saipan, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly mid brown (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Canton ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, west Indian and Pakistan (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Littoral and down to 12 fathoms in Clark (1911). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf ( (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Amboina (Selenka, 1867); East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: grey-brown to green-brown sometimes with globular appearance (Clark & Rowe, 1971). The colour is ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: mid brown above with gnarled appearance (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in Celebes and Amboina ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China ... [details]

 Description

Also recorded from the Philippines, Iranian Gulf and Ceylon (Heding, 1940); Persian Gulf, Ceylon, north Australia ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: background off-white with pale purplish brown blotches, dark pigment surrounding mouth and anus ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia and Persian Gulf (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: burgundy with irregular pink markings on arms, madreporite and patch at tip of each arm purple, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly fawn (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly blue, grey, pink, purple or fawn. This contrasts with Pacific specimens from Palao ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Japan and north of Australia (Lambert, 1923); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabian, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Disc colour purplish-brown, with some variegation, but never any trace of a longitudinal light stripe (Balinsky, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. ... [details]

 Description

Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Arms moderately long, about nine times the disc diameter. ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: disc colour bluish with dark blue spots, spotted radial shields, ventrally lighter blue with dark ... [details]

 Description

Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Distribution: known only from Mauritius (Clark, 1968); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Cylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, ... [details]

 Description

General distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean (Tortonese, 1980). Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: slate grey with purplish borders to supero-marginals, medreporite with circle of ten purplish ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: granules between plates mid brown, rest black, abactinal surface light grey-brown. Eaten by shrimp ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)). Ecology: benthic, inshore. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Coloration: aboral disc colour green to brownish, with some variegation, with a dark spot near the distal end of ... [details]

 Description

Colour: olive-greenish on a white background (Balinsky, 1957). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: ... [details]

 Description

Colour (in alcohol): disc greyish-brown, the arms distinctly banded with rusty brown; the arm spines somewhat ... [details]

 Description

Colour greenish, without conspicuous markings (Balinsky, 1957). Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Hexamerous species. Colour in life: green background, disc with more or less regular dark and light green markings, ... [details]