WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum (Leske, 1778)

213372  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213372)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrechinus setosus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrostephanus setosum (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Diadema)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidarites diadema (Gmelin, 1791) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema lamarcki (Gmelin, 1791) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema nudum A. Agassiz, 1864 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema saxatile (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosa (Leske, 1778) (incorrect declination of species name)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981 (infrasubspecific and unavailable according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.3)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra setosa Leske, 1778 (transferred to Diadema)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym - but see below in notes section)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus ſaxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))

Forma Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (infrasubspecific and unavailable according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.3)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra setosa Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 100, 104; pl. 37: figs 1-2, pl. 46: fig. 1, pl. 51: figs 1-2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNote Amboina, Moluccas. Gray considered as author...  
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Amboina, Moluccas. Gray considered as author in Ludwig (1899).
D. setosa place in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
According to Clark & Rowe (1971), some of the records may be interchangeable with D. savignyi.
In Rowe & Gates (1995), status and whereabouts of type specimens undetermined and type locality unknown. [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: black, red ring around anus...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981).
One specimen with eight parastic eulimid gastropods Echineulima mittrei mittrei (Petit, 1851).
Also distributed in Saudi Arabia (Clark, 1954); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); India (Sastry, 1996).
General distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-70 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Kroh, A. (2013). Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2017). World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213372 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:47:00Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema turcarum Rumph, 1711) Rumph, G.E. (= Rumphius, G.E.). (1711). Thesaurus imaginum piscium testaceorum. Petrum vander Aa, Lugduni Batavorum. 15 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/137808#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 2; pl. 14: fig. B [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra setosa Rumphius, 1705) Rumphius, G. E. 1705. D'Amboinsche Rariteitkamer. Amsterdam: Printed by François Halma, 1705. , available online at http://books.google.at/books?id=RjP8XtK7LkoC&printsec=frontcover&hl=de&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
page(s): 35-36; pl. 13: fig. 5 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981) Dollfus, R.-P. & Roman, J. 1981. Les Échinides de la mer Rouge. Ministère des Universités, Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Mémoires de la Section des Sciences 9, 1-145.
page(s): 38-39; pl. 5: figs 4-6, pl. 6: figs 1-3 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris (Diadema) tenuispina Philippi, 1845) Philippi, R. A. 1845. Beschreibung einiger neuer Echinodermen nebst kritischen Bemerckungen über einige weniger bekannte Arten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 11, 344-359., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30279#page/352/mode/1up
page(s): 354 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema nudum A. Agassiz, 1864) Agassiz, A. (1864). Synopsis of the echinoids collected by Dr. W. Stimpson on the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under the command of Captains Ringgold and Rodgers. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 15 (1863), 352-361., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18294#page/358/mode/1up
page(s): 353-Q126 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus ſaxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra setosa Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 100, 104; pl. 37: figs 1-2, pl. 46: fig. 1, pl. 51: figs 1-2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Meric, E.; Verlaque, M.; Galli, P.; Boudouresque, C.; Giangrande, A.; Cinar, M.; Bilecenoglu, M. (2008). Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. Mediterranean Marine Science. 9(1): 119-165., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Bronstein, O., Kroh, A. & Loya, Y. (2016). Reproduction of the long-spined sea urchin Diadema setosum in the Gulf of Aqaba - implications for the use of gonad-indexes. Scientific Reports. 6: 29569., available online at https://doi.org/10.1038/srep29569 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema saxatile (Linnaeus, 1758)) Bell, F. J. 1909. Report on the echinoderma (other than holothurians) collected by Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner in the western parts of the Indian Ocean. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 2nd Series: Zoology 13, 17-22., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55291#page/35/mode/1up [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema saxatile (Linnaeus, 1758)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra setosa Rumphius, 1705) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra setosa Rumphius, 1705) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981) Kroh, A. 2010. Index of Living and Fossil Echinoids 1971-2008. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A 112, 195-470., available online at http://verlag.nhm-wien.ac.at/pdfs/112A_195470_Kroh.pdf
page(s): 237 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrechinus setosus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 269-275 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrechinus setosus (Leske, 1778)) Jackson, R. T. 1914. Studies of Jamaica Echini. Papers from the Tortugas Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, V: 141-162, available online at https://archive.org/stream/carnegieinstitut18205carn#page/140/mode/2up
page(s): 142-147, 158 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrechinus (Diadema) setosus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrostephanus setosum (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris (Diadema) tenuispina Philippi, 1845) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrostephanus setosus (Leske, 1778)) Lambert, J. (1923). Echinides vivants et fossiles recueillis à Madagascar par M. Raymond Decary. Mém. Soc. Acad. Agric. Sci. Dép. Aube 85: 13-55, 1 pl., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k57204048/f13.image [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema turcarum Rumph, 1711) Décary, R. (1924). Liste d'echinodermes receuillis a Madagascar. Bulletin de l'academie Malgache nouvelle serie Tome IV38-41 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema turcarum Rumph, 1711) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosa (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidarites diadema (Gmelin, 1791)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema lamarcki (Gmelin, 1791)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema nudum A. Agassiz, 1864) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Lam KKY. (2001). Algal and sessile invertebrate recruitment onto an experimental PFA-concrete artificial reef in Hong Kong. In: Morton B, editor. Asian Marine Biology 17. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. pp 55-76. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIntroduced species impact in Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Human health [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIntroduced species impact in Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Turkish part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981).
One specimen with eight parastic eulimid gastropods Echineulima mittrei mittrei (Petit, 1851).
Also distributed in Saudi Arabia (Clark, 1954); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); India (Sastry, 1996).
General distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-70 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Amboina, Moluccas. Gray considered as author in Ludwig (1899).
D. setosa place in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
According to Clark & Rowe (1971), some of the records may be interchangeable with D. savignyi.
In Rowe & Gates (1995), status and whereabouts of type specimens undetermined and type locality unknown. [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavisodalis dilatatus Dojiri & Humes, 1982 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavisodalis sentifer Dojiri & Humes, 1982 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinirus diadematis Jacob-Judah, 1975 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinirus laxatus Humes & Cressey, 1961 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinosocius dentatus Humes & Cressey, 1961 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinosocius elatensis Jacob-Judah, 1975 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinosocius finitimus Dojiri & Humes, 1982 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinosocius gulicolus Dojiri & Humes, 1982 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinosocius pectinatus Humes & Cressey, 1961 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPreherrmannella campanulipes Humes & Cressey, 1961 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPreherrmannella idonea Humes & Cressey, 1961 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSenariellus diadematis Humes, 1977 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorガンガゼ  [details]