WoRMS taxon details

Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778)

213372  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213372)

accepted
Species
Centrechinus setosus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted combination)
Centrostephanus setosum (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Diadema)
Cidarites diadema (Gmelin, 1791) (subjective junior synonym)
Diadema lamarcki (Gmelin, 1791) (subjective junior synonym)
Diadema nudum A. Agassiz, 1864 (subjective junior synonym)
Diadema saxatile (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Diadema setosa (Leske, 1778) (incorrect declination of species name)
Diadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981 (infrasubspecific and unavailable according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.3)
Echinometra setosa Leske, 1778 (transferred to Diadema)
Echinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym - but see below in notes section)
Echinus ſaxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))

Forma Diadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981 accepted as Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (infrasubspecific and unavailable according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.3)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofEchinometra setosa Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 100, 104; pl. 37: figs 1-2, pl. 46: fig. 1, pl. 51: figs 1-2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Amboina, Moluccas. Gray considered as author...  
From other sources
Type locality Amboina, Moluccas. Gray considered as author in Ludwig (1899).
D. setosa place in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
According to Clark & Rowe (1971), some of the records may be interchangeable with D. savignyi.
In Rowe & Gates (1995), status and whereabouts of type specimens undetermined and type locality unknown. [details]
Description Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981).
One specimen with...  
Description Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981).
One specimen with eight parastic eulimid gastropods Echineulima mittrei mittrei (Petit, 1851).
Also distributed in Saudi Arabia (Clark, 1954); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); India (Sastry, 1996).
General distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-70 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213372 on 2018-07-20
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:47:00Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofDiadema turcarum Rumph, 1711) Rumph, G.E. (= Rumphius, G.E.). (1711). Thesaurus imaginum piscium testaceorum. Petrum vander Aa, Lugduni Batavorum. 15 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/137808#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 2; pl. 14: fig. B [details]   

original description  (ofEchinometra setosa Rumphius, 1705) Rumphius, G. E. 1705. D'Amboinsche Rariteitkamer. Amsterdam: Printed by François Halma, 1705. , available online at http://books.google.at/books?id=RjP8XtK7LkoC&printsec=frontcover&hl=de&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
page(s): 35-36; pl. 13: fig. 5 [details]   

original description  (ofDiadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981) Dollfus, R.-P. & Roman, J. 1981. Les Échinides de la mer Rouge. Ministère des Universités, Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Mémoires de la Section des Sciences 9, 1-145.
page(s): 38-39; pl. 5: figs 4-6, pl. 6: figs 1-3 [details]   

original description  (ofCidaris (Diadema) tenuispina Philippi, 1845) Philippi, R. A. 1845. Beschreibung einiger neuer Echinodermen nebst kritischen Bemerckungen über einige weniger bekannte Arten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 11, 344-359., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30279#page/352/mode/1up
page(s): 354 [details]   

original description  (ofDiadema nudum A. Agassiz, 1864) Agassiz, A. (1864). Synopsis of the echinoids collected by Dr. W. Stimpson on the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under the command of Captains Ringgold and Rodgers. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 15 (1863), 352-361., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18294#page/358/mode/1up
page(s): 353-Q126 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus ſaxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofEchinometra setosa Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 100, 104; pl. 37: figs 1-2, pl. 46: fig. 1, pl. 51: figs 1-2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Meric, E.; Verlaque, M.; Galli, P.; Boudouresque, C.; Giangrande, A.; Cinar, M.; Bilecenoglu, M. (2008). Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. Mediterranean Marine Science. 9(1): 119-165., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Bronstein, O., Kroh, A. & Loya, Y. (2016). Reproduction of the long-spined sea urchin Diadema setosum in the Gulf of Aqaba - implications for the use of gonad-indexes. Scientific Reports. 6: 29569., available online at https://doi.org/10.1038/srep29569 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofDiadema saxatile (Linnaeus, 1758)) Bell, F. J. 1909. Report on the echinoderma (other than holothurians) collected by Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner in the western parts of the Indian Ocean. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 2nd Series: Zoology 13, 17-22., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55291#page/35/mode/1up [details]   

additional source  (ofDiadema saxatile (Linnaeus, 1758)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEchinometra setosa Rumphius, 1705) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinometra setosa Rumphius, 1705) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema setosum f. depressa Dollfus & Roman, 1981) Kroh, A. 2010. Index of Living and Fossil Echinoids 1971-2008. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A 112, 195-470., available online at http://verlag.nhm-wien.ac.at/pdfs/112A_195470_Kroh.pdf
page(s): 237 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCentrechinus setosus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 269-275 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofCentrechinus setosus (Leske, 1778)) Jackson, R. T. 1914. Studies of Jamaica Echini. Papers from the Tortugas Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, V: 141-162, available online at https://archive.org/stream/carnegieinstitut18205carn#page/140/mode/2up
page(s): 142-147, 158 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCentrechinus (Diadema) setosus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCentrostephanus setosum (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCidaris (Diadema) tenuispina Philippi, 1845) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCentrostephanus setosus (Leske, 1778)) Lambert, J. (1923). Echinides vivants et fossiles recueillis à Madagascar par M. Raymond Decary. Mém. Soc. Acad. Agric. Sci. Dép. Aube 85: 13-55, 1 pl., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k57204048/f13.image [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema turcarum Rumph, 1711) Décary, R. (1924). Liste d'echinodermes receuillis a Madagascar. Bulletin de l'academie Malgache nouvelle serie Tome IV38-41 [details]   

additional source  (ofDiadema turcarum Rumph, 1711) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofEchinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema setosa (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCidarites diadema (Gmelin, 1791)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema lamarcki (Gmelin, 1791)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema nudum A. Agassiz, 1864) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 256-264 [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Lam KKY. (2001). Algal and sessile invertebrate recruitment onto an experimental PFA-concrete artificial reef in Hong Kong. In: Morton B, editor. Asian Marine Biology 17. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. pp 55-76. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Introduced species impact in Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Human health [details]

Introduced species impact in Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Turkish part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Description Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981).
One specimen with eight parastic eulimid gastropods Echineulima mittrei mittrei (Petit, 1851).
Also distributed in Saudi Arabia (Clark, 1954); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); India (Sastry, 1996).
General distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-70 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Type locality Amboina, Moluccas. Gray considered as author in Ludwig (1899).
D. setosa place in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
According to Clark & Rowe (1971), some of the records may be interchangeable with D. savignyi.
In Rowe & Gates (1995), status and whereabouts of type specimens undetermined and type locality unknown. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Japanese ガンガゼ  [details]