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NameZenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493.
SourceID155063
DOI10.12681/mms.87 [view]
AuthorsZenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N.
Year2010
TitleAlien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution
JournalMediterranean Marine Science
Suffix11(2): 381-493
Type Publication
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
AbstractThe state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: (i) the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED); (ii) the Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED); (iii) the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA); and (iv) the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED). The updated checklist (December 2010) of marine alien species within each subregion, along with their acclimatization status and origin, is provided. A total of 955 alien species is known in the Mediterranean, the vast majority of them having being introduced in the EMED (718), less in the WMED (328) and CMED (267) and least in the Adriatic (171). Of these, 535 species (56%) are established in at least one area. Despite the collective effort of experts who attempted in this work, the number of introduced species remains probably underestimated. Excluding microalgae, for which knowledge is still insufficient, aliens have increased the total species richness of the Mediterranean Sea by 5.9%. This figure should not be directly read as an indication of higher biodiversity, as spreading of so many aliens within the basin is possibly causing biotic homogenization. Thermophilic species, i.e. Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Tropical Atlantic, Tropical Pacific, and circum(sub)tropical, account for 88.4% of the introduced species in the EMED, 72.8% in the CMED, 59.3% in the WMED and 56.1% in the Adriatic. Cold water species, i.e. circumboreal, N Atlantic, and N Pacific, make up a small percentage of the introduced species, ranging between 4.2% and 21.6% and being more numerous in the Adriatic and less so in the EMED. Species that are classified as invasive or potentially invasive are 134 in the whole of the Mediterranean: 108 are present in the EMED, 75 in the CMED, 53 in the Adriatic and 64 in the WMED. The WMED hosts most invasive macrophytes, whereas the EMED has the lion’s share in polychaetes, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
Taxa
(905)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcabaria erythraea (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMelithaea erythraea (Ehrenberg, 1834) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthophora nayadiformis (Delile) Papenfuss, 1968 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopleura gemmata (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcar plicata (Dillwyn, 1817) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcartia (Acanthacartia) fossae Gurney, 1927 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcartia (Odontacartia) centrura Giesbrecht, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrochaetium codicola Børgesen, 1927 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColaconema codicola (Børgesen) H.Stegenga, J.J.Bolton & R.J.Anderson, 1997 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrochaetium robustum Børgesen, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrochaetium spathoglossi Børgesen, 1937 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrochaetium subseriatum Børgesen, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrothamnion preissii (Sonder) E.M.Wollaston, 1968 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrothrix gracilis Kylin, 1907 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActeocina crithodes (Melvill & Standen, 1901) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActeocina mucronata (Philippi, 1849) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActumnus globulus Heller, 1861 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAequorea conica Browne, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAeverrillia setigera (Hincks, 1887) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrocardium richardi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgardhiella subulata (C.Agardh) Kraft & M.J.Wynne, 1979 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgglutinella arenata (Said, 1949) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgglutinella compressa El-Nakhal, 1983 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgglutinella robusta El-Nakhal, 1983 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgglutinella soriformis El-Nakhal, 1983 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaothamnion feldmanniae Halos, 1965 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAhnfeltiopsis flabelliformis (Harvey) Masuda, 1993 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAidanosagitta neglecta (Aida, 1897) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlepes djedaba (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllolepidapedon fistulariae Yamaguti, 1940 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus audouini Coutière, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus edwardsii (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus inopinatus Holthuis & Gottlieb, 1958 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus migrans Lewinsohn & Holthuis, 1978 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus rapacida de Man, 1908 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAluterus monoceros (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlvania dorbignyi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmathina tricarinata (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmothea hilgendorfi (Böhm, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphibalanus eburneus (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphicorina pectinata (Banse, 1957) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiodia (Amphispina) obtecta Mortensen, 1940 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) laevis (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphisorus hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1839 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphistegina lessonii d'Orbigny in Guérin-Méneville, 1832 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphistegina lobifera Larsen, 1976 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphistegina madagascariensis d'Orbigny in Fornasini, 1903 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphogona pusilla Hartlaub, 1909 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnadara granosa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTegillarca granosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnadara natalensis (Krauss, 1848) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnadara transversa (Say, 1822) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAngiola punctostriata (E. A. Smith, 1872) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAngulus flacca [sic] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTellina (Angulus) flacca Römer, 1871 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNitidotellina lux (Hanley, 1844) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnilocra pilchardi Bariche & Trilles, 2006 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplodactylus californicus Hall, 1912 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplodactylus digitatus (Böhm, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnotrichium okamurae Baldock, 1976 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnotrichium furcellatum (J.Agardh) Baldock, 1976 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntigona lamellaris Schumacher, 1817 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntithamnion amphigeneum A.J.K.Millar, 1990 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntithamnion hubbsii E.Y.Dawson, 1962 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntithamnionella boergesenii (Cormaci & G.Furnari) Athanasiadis, 1996 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntithamnionella elegans (Berthold) J.H.Price & D.M.John, 1986 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntithamnionella spirographidis (Schiffner) E.M.Wollaston, 1968 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntithamnionella sublittoralis (Setchell & Gardner) Athanasiadis, 1996 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntithamnionella ternifolia (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Lyle, 1922 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApanthura sandalensis Stebbing, 1900 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApionsoma (Apionsoma) misakianum (Ikeda, 1904) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApionsoma trichocephalus Sluiter, 1902 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApionsoma (Apionsoma) trichocephalus Sluiter, 1902 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplysia parvula Mörch, 1863 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApoglossum gregarium (E.Y.Dawson) M.J.Wynne, 1985 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApogon fasciatus (White, 1790) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOstorhinchus fasciatus (White, 1790) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApogon pharaonis Bellotti, 1874 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti, 1874) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApogon queketti Gilchrist, 1903 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApogon smithi (Kotthaus, 1970) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorJaydia smithi Kotthaus, 1970 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApoprionospio pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAquilonastra burtoni (Gray, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArachnoidea protecta Harmer, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArachnoidella protecta Harmer, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArctapodema australis (Vanhöffen, 1912) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArietellus pavoninus Sars G.O., 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArius parkii Günther, 1864 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArticulina alticostata Cushman, 1944 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidia cannelata Oken, 1820 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAshtoret lunaris (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsparagopsis armata Harvey, 1855 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan de Saint-Léon, 1845 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidosiphon (Akrikos) mexicanus (Murina, 1967) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) elegans (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstacolus insolitus (Schwager, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstacolus sublegumen (Parr, 1950) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVaginulinopsis sublegumen Parr, 1950 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtactodea glabrata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtactodea striata (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtergatis roseus (Rüppell, 1830) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtherinomorus forskalii (Rüppell, 1838) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtys angustatus E. A. Smith, 1872 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtys cylindricus (Helbling, 1779) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAliculastrum cylindricum (Helbling, 1779) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrominius modestus (Darwin, 1854) (additional source)

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Date   action   by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2015-02-02 01:39:34Z  changed  Pagad, Shyama
2015-07-23 11:56:10Z  changed  Dekeyzer, Stefanie
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