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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 
AphiaID: 148715

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunicata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidiacea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStolidobranchia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyelidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotrylloides (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotrylloides Milne-Edwards, 1841
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotrylloides aurantium Oka, 1927 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotrylloides carnosum Oka, 1927 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotrylloides lateritium Beniaminson, 1975 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotrylloides violaceum Oka, 1927 (incorrect original spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotryllus aurantius (Oka, 1927) (synonym)
Sources  original description Oka, A. (1927) Zur kenntnis der japanishen Botryllidae (Vorlaufige Mitteilung) Proc. Imp. Acad., 3: 607-609. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorslingerzakpijpUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone slingerzakpijp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcolonial sea squirt  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbotrylle violet  [details]
Environment marine, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
Bay of Biscay
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBay of Biscay (introduced: alien[details]
Canada
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanada (introduced: alien[details]
Celtic Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCeltic Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Italy
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorItaly (introduced: origin unknown[details]
Mexico
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMexico (introduced: alien[details]
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDutch part of the North Sea (introduced: alien[details]
United Kingdom
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited Kingdom (introduced: alien[details]
United States
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited States (introduced: alien[details]
(no group)
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreskens [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorYerseke [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone (introduced: alien[details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDelivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGuide to the exotic species of San Francisco bay - Botrylloides violaceus 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (14 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (40 nucleotides; 19 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Chordata Collection 
Notes 
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Dutch part of the North Sea (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Italy (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species management in Canadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence (Marine Region) : yes [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Bay of Biscay (IHO Sea Area) : Due to its abundance, wide distribution, and frequent dominance, this ascidian is likely to have substantial impacts on shipping, aquaculture, and fisheries.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Canada (Nation) : Due to its abundance, wide distribution, and frequent dominance, this ascidian is likely to have substantial impacts on shipping, aquaculture, and fisheries.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Mexico (Nation) : Due to its abundance, wide distribution, and frequent dominance, this ascidian is likely to have substantial impacts on shipping, aquaculture, and fisheries.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United Kingdom (Nation) : Due to its abundance, wide distribution, and frequent dominance, this ascidian is likely to have substantial impacts on shipping, aquaculture, and fisheries.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United States (Nation) : Due to its abundance, wide distribution, and frequent dominance, this ascidian is likely to have substantial impacts on shipping, aquaculture, and fisheries.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Italy (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: general [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Italy (Nation) : Recreational equipment: accidental with recreational equipment [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Italy (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Italy (Nation) : Probably introduced with shellfish culture from Japan. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Italy (Nation) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAlien species The colony-forming sea squirt Botrylloides violaceus was originally only found in the northwest of the Pacific Ocean. Transported via attachment to ship hulls or to living marine organisms, the species reached Europe before 1998, where it spread further through attachment on yachts. Established colonies of this sea squirt were observed for the first time along the Belgian coast in 2004 in the port of Zeebrugge. Different colonies of this species are known to display different colourations (including pink, yellow and orange). Occasionally different specimens within a single colony can display a different colouration.  [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
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Carcinus maenas and Botrylloides violaceus
Carcinus maenas and Bo...
Botrylloides violaceus
Botrylloides violaceus
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:148715
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-03-29 08:12:19Z  created  Claus, Simon
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z  checked  Sanamyan, Karen
2009-07-20 21:22:57Z  changed  Gittenberger, Arjan
  
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  Citation: Gittenberger, A.; Sanamyan, K. (2014). Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927. In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2014) Ascidiacea World Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=148715 on 2014-09-20
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