WoRMS taxon details

Spirobranchus tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861)

131055  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131055)

accepted
Species
Galeolaria tetracerus (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded recombination)
Pomatoceropsis contierei [misspelling of 'coutierei'] (lapsus for 'coutierei', a name printed correctly in the first line of the description)
Pomatoceropsis jousseaumei Gravier, 1906 (superseded original combination)
Pomatoceros tetraceros Schmarda, 1861 (superseded original combination)
Spirobranchus contierei [misspelling of 'coutierei'] (original name a subjective synonym, here a misspelling in Spirobranchus of 'coutierei')
Spirobranchus contieri [misspelling of 'coutierei'] (original name a subjective synonym, here a misspelling in Spirobranchus of 'coutierei')
Spirobranchus coutierei (Gravier, 1905) (superseded subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
Spirobranchus coutieri [misspelling of 'coutierei'] (original name a subjective synonym, here a misspelling in Spirobranchus of 'coutierei')
Spirobranchus giganteus coutierei (Gravier, 1905) (superseded subsequent combination of subjective synonym)
Vermilia tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded recombination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Pomatoceros tetraceros Schmarda, 1861) Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 30, plate 21, figure 179 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in New South Wales  
type locality contained in New South Wales [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Status regarded to be part of a complex of species by Frank & ten Hove (1992), Fiege & ten Hove (1999: 362), ten Hove &...  
Status regarded to be part of a complex of species by Frank & ten Hove (1992), Fiege & ten Hove (1999: 362), ten Hove & Kupriyanova (2009), and split into a number of taxa by Pillai (2009) [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2020). World Polychaeta database. Spirobranchus tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131055 on 2020-09-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-03-13 07:45:24Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-11-04 07:12:01Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Spirobranchus cervicornis Willey, 1905) Willey, Arthur. (1905). Report on the Polychaeta collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. <em>Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar by W.A. Herdman, with supplementary reports upon the Marine Biology of Ceylon, by Other Naturalists. Part IV. Supplementary Reports.</em> 30: 243-324, plates I-VIII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1936112 [details]   

original description  (of Conopomatus acuiconus Pillai, 1960) Pillai, Telesphore Gottfried. (1960). Some marine and brackish-water serpulid Polychaeta from Ceylon, including new genera and species. <em>Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences).</em> 3(1): 1-40, plates 1-2. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Conopomatus sectoconus Pillai, 1960) Pillai, Telesphore Gottfried. (1960). Some marine and brackish-water serpulid Polychaeta from Ceylon, including new genera and species. <em>Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences).</em> 3(1): 1-40, plates 1-2. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Pomatoceropsis coutierei Gravier, 1905) Gravier, C. 1905. Sur deux types nouveaux de Serpuliens, Pomatoceropsis nov. gen. Coutierei nov. sp. Bonhourella nov. gen. insignis nov. sp. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Ser. 1, 11: 445-451. [details]   

original description  (of Pomatoceropsis jousseaumei Gravier, 1906) Gravier, C. 1906. Sur les Annélides Polychètes de la Mer Rouge (Serpulides). Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 12: 110-115.
page(s): 114 [details]   

original description  (of Pomatoceros multicornis Grube, 1862) Grube, A.E. 1862. Mittheilungen ueber die Serpulen, mit besonderer Beruecksichtigungihrer Deckel. Schles.gesellschaft fur vaterlandische cultur Breslau Jahresber., 39: 53-69. [details]   

original description  (of Pomatoceros elaphus Haswell, 1885) Haswell, William A. (1885 [for year 1884]). The marine annelids of the order Serpulea. Some observations on the their anatomy, with the characteristics of the Australian species. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 9(3): 649-675, plates 31-35., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6602691 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pomatoceros tetraceros Schmarda, 1861) Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 30, plate 21, figure 179 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Serpula (Pomatoceros) tricornis Grube, 1881) Grube, A.E. (1881). Beschreibungen von neuen Anneliden des zoologischen Museums zu Berlin. <em>Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft der naturforschende Freunde zur Berlin.</em> 19(7): 109-117., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8788979
page(s): 115 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Serpula quadricornis Grube, 1878) Grube, Adolph-Eduard. (1878). Annulata Semperiana. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Annelidenfauna der Philippinen nach den von Herrn Prof. Semper mitgebrachten Sammlungen. <em>Mémoires l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.- Pétersbourg.</em> (série 7) 25(8): 1-300., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45379218 [details]   

original description  (of Serpula tricornigera Grube, 1878) Grube, Adolph-Eduard. (1878). Annulata Semperiana. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Annelidenfauna der Philippinen nach den von Herrn Prof. Semper mitgebrachten Sammlungen. <em>Mémoires l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.- Pétersbourg.</em> (série 7) 25(8): 1-300., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45379218 [details]   

original description  (of Spirobranchus semperi Mörch, 1863) Mörch, O. A. L. (1863). Revisio critica Serpulidarum. Et Bidrag til Rørormenes Naturhistorie. <em>Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift.</em> København, Ser. 3, 1: 347-470, pl. 11 [also issued as a separate, 1–124, pl. 11]., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/naturhistoriskti01copeuoft
page(s): 405, plate 11, figures 24-25; note: The existence of figures isn't indicated in the text for this name, but plate 11 has good operculum figures. [details]   

original description  (of Spirobranchus semperi aceros Pixell, 1913) Pixell, Helen L. M. (1913). Polychaeta of the Indian Ocean, together with some species from the Cape Verde Islands. The Serpulidae, with a classification of the genera Hydroides and Eupomatus. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> (Series 2) 16: 69-92., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25257250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spirobranchus semperi papillosus Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) Wesenberg-Lund, Elise. (1949). Polychaetes of the Iranian Gulf. <em>Danish Scientific Investigations in Iran.</em> 4: 247-400. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Spirobranchus semperi acroceros Willey, 1905) Willey, Arthur. (1905). Report on the Polychaeta collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. <em>Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar by W.A. Herdman, with supplementary reports upon the Marine Biology of Ceylon, by Other Naturalists. Part IV. Supplementary Reports.</em> 30: 243-324, plates I-VIII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1936112 [details]   

original description  (of Spirobranchus elatensis Pillai, 2009) Pillai, T. G. (2009). Descriptions of new serpulid polychaetes from the Kimberleys of Australia and discussion of Australian and Indo-West Pacific species of Spirobranchus and superficially similar taxa. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 61(2): 93-199., available online at http://australianmuseum.net.au/journal/Pillai-2009-Rec-Aust-Mus-612-93199/
page(s): 165 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Palero, Ferran;Torrado, Hector; Perry, Orly; Kupriyanova, Elena; Ulman, Aylin; Genis-Armero, Rebeca; ten Hove, Harry A.;Capaccioni-Azzati, Romana. (2020). Following the Phoenician example: western Mediterranean colonization by Spirobranchus cf. tetraceros (Annelida: Serpulidae). <em>Scientia Marina.</em> 84(1): efirst 1-10., available online at https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04976.20A [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Huang ZG. & Lin S. (1993). Biofouling of Deep Bay buoys. In: Morton B, editor. Proceedings of the first internationl conference on the marine biology of Hong Kong and the south China Sea. The marine biology of the South China Sea. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.1: pp 153-165.  [details]   

additional source Fauvel, Pierre. (1930). Annélides polychètes de Nouvelle-Calédonie, receuillies par Mme A. Pruvot-Fol en 1928. <em>Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale.</em> 69(5): 501-562., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k54546138/f603.item [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596
page(s): 803, figure 38.3 l,m,n; note: records as Spirobranchus tetraceros for Mozambique and Madagascar [details]   

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. <em>Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev.</em> 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Ben Eliahu, M. Nechama and Fiege, D. 1996. Serpulid tube-worms (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the central and eastern Mediterranean with particular attention to the Levant Basin. Senckenbergiana maritima, 28(1/3): 1-51, 12 figures, 7 tables.
page(s): 33, 34, 38 [details]   

additional source Frank, U. and Hove, Harry A. ten 1992. In vitro exposure of Spirobranchus giganteus and S. tetraceros (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) to various turbidities; branchial morphologies an expression of filtering strategies? Oebalia 18: 45-52. [details]   

additional source Fiege, D., Hove, Harry A. ten. 1999. Redescription of Spirobranchus gaymardi (Quatrefages, 1866) (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) from the Indo-Pacific with remarks on the Spirobranchus giganteus complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London 126: 355-364.
page(s): 362 [details]   

additional source Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 6 (2): 63-118., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273213810_Annotated_list_of_marine_alien_species_in_the_Mediterranean_with_records_of_the_worst_invasive_species [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kupriyanova, Elena; Sun, Yanan; ten Hove, Harry A.; Wong, Eunice; Rouse, Greg W. (2015). Serpulidae (Annelida) of Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4019(1): 275-353., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4019.1.13
page(s): 337; note: records for Lizard Island, and two body figures [details]   

redescription Hove, H. A. (1970). Serpulinae (Polychaeta) from the Caribbean: I - the genus Spirobranchus. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 32: 1-57. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference Ehlers, Ernst. (1907). Neuseeländische Anneliden. II. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse. Neue Folge.</em> 5(4): 3-31., available online at http://goo.gl/Jpqjvv
page(s): 29; note: mentioned in text flow recombined as Spirobranchus tetraceros, in a record for Spirobranchus cariniferus of New Zealand [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Editor's comment see remarks under Spirobranchus arabicus Monro, 1937 and the nomina nuda Spirobranchus cristatus Grube, 1862 and Spirobranchus kuwaitensis Pillai, 2009 as well [details]

Editor's comment an additional synonym might be Vermetus indicus Daudin, 1800, also as Pomatoceros? indicus; Spirobranchus tricornis non Mörch, sensu authors, from non-Caribbean localities mostly belong to S. tetraceros as well. [details]

Editor's comment The deep sea record by MESNIL & FAUVEL, 1939, p. 34. [Banda Sea, 4892m] is most probably a switch of two adjacent (in time) locality numbers of the Siboga expedition. All records known to me are shallower than 50 meters, this is a shallow water species only.  [details]

Introduced species remark Spirobranchus tetraceros is a not a single circumtropical species (as per claim in Zenetos et al. 2010), but instead is part of a large complex of both tropical and warm-temperate morphologically similar species (Palero et al. 2020). The Spirobranchus species invading Eastern and now Western Mediterranean is not S. tetraceros sensu stricto. That latter species is apparently restricted to South-eastern Australia. The complex is now being revised and the identity and origin of the invader to the Mediterranean will be determined shortly. [details]

Status regarded to be part of a complex of species by Frank & ten Hove (1992), Fiege & ten Hove (1999: 362), ten Hove & Kupriyanova (2009), and split into a number of taxa by Pillai (2009) [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal in Lebanese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin : Shipping [details]
LanguageName 
English four-tooth tubeworm  [details]
German Vierzahn-Röhrenwurm  [details]
Japanese ムツエダカンサシゴカイ  [details]