WoRMS taxon details
Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
|Parent|| ||Macrophiothrix H.L. Clark, 1938|
|Orig. name|| ||Ophiothrix aspidota Müller & Troschel, 1842|
Ophiothrix aspidota Müller & Troschel, 1842|
basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]|
additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]
source of synonymy (of Ophiothrix aspidota Müller & Troschel, 1842) Clark, A. M. (1968). Notes on some tropical indo-pacific ophiotrichids and ophiodermatids (Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology. 16(7): 277-322, 1pl. [details]
original description (of Ophiothrix aspidota Müller & Troschel, 1842) Müller, J. H.; Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden. Vieweg: Braunschweig. 1-134., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159 [details]
|Environment|| ||marine, |brackish, fresh, terrestrial
type locality East India [details]|
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Mozambique (doubtful) [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Cargados Carajos [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Seychelles [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Eastern Africa & Madagascar [details]
|Links|| ||To Biodiversity Heritage Library (3 publications) |
To Encyclopedia of Life
To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection
From other sources
Description Disc colour purplish-brown, with some variegation, but never any trace of a longitudinal light stripe (Balinsky, 1957). Disc diameter 10 mm, arms (broken) about 6 times the disc diameter. Disc scales with cylindrical stumps, 2-3 times as long as wide, ending with 2-3 points, more scattered and taper to a single point on the oral side. Radial shield large and bare. Dorsal arm plates variable in shape, white spots chiefly along the distal edge, a large median white mark may appear as a discontinuous longitudinal licht-coloured line, the distal plates may have a white border. Distal edge nearly straight on the proximal ventral arm plates, then more or less concave; usually white with two lateral purple spots; two dark plates may occur every third segment, giving a banded effect. Arm spines not clavate, the lowest one is a transparent hook with 2-3 smooth points, grey colour. Disc blue grey, radial shields with some black spots (Tortonese, 1980).
Habitat: dead coral, coral reef (Balinsky, 1957).
General distribution: from East Africa (previous reports are uncertain) perhaps to Philippines (Tortonese, 1980); tropical Indo-Pacific, also in Australia in Kalk (1958).
Also distributed in W India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies (according to Clark & ,Rowe (1971) needs confirmation) and Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]
Type locality 'Ostindien'
The records of Balinsky (1957) from Mozambique and Koehler (1957) from Madagascar may have been based on material of M. robillardi (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]
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| || ||Citation: Stöhr, S. (2015). Macrophiothrix aspidota. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2015) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213196 on 2016-08-26|
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