WoRMS taxon details

Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)

213377  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213377)

accepted
Species
Astropyga calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Cidaris calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Cidaris calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (subjective junior synonym)
Cidarites calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema calamare (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema calamarium (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix aequalis (Gray, 1855) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix annellata Peters, 1853 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix clavata (Gray, 1855) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinotrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (misspelling for Echinothrix calamaris)
Echinus calamaris Pallas, 1774 (tranferred to Echinothrix)
Echinus calamarus Pallas, 1774 (transferred to Echinothrix)
Garelia aequalis Gray, 1855 (subjective junior synonym)
Garelia clavata Gray, 1855 (subjective junior synonym)
Savignya frappieri Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. Berolini. Fasciculus 10, pp. 1–41, 4 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88619#page/103/mode/1up
page(s): 31-32; pl. 2: figs 4-8 [details]   
Note East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in...  
From other sources
Type locality East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Description Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines...  
Description Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines light maroon (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Solomon Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific IS. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971).; Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean; depth range 0-90 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213377 on 2018-02-24
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:14:26Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofAstropyga desorii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Agassiz, L. & Desor, P. J. E. 1846. Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie 6, 305-374., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47986#page/311/mode/1up
page(s): 345 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. Berolini. Fasciculus 10, pp. 1–41, 4 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88619#page/103/mode/1up
page(s): 31-32; pl. 2: figs 4-8 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEchinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEchinothrix annellata Peters, 1853) Peters, W. (1853). Über die an der Küste von Mossambique beobachteten Seeigel und insbesondere über die Gruppe der Diademen. Abhandlungen der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.1854: 101-119, 1 pl., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/92694#page/161/mode/1up
page(s): 117-118 [details]   

original description  (ofGarelia aequalis Gray, 1855) Gray J.E. 1855. An arrangement of the Families of Echinida, with Descriptions of some New Genera and Species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 23, 35-39., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96679#page/787/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofGarelia clavata Gray, 1855) Gray J.E. 1855. An arrangement of the Families of Echinida, with Descriptions of some New Genera and Species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 23, 35-39., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96679#page/787/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofSavignya frappieri Michelin, 1862) Michelin, H. (1862). Annex A. Echinides et Stellerides. In: Maillard, L. (eds). Notes sur l'Île de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris : Palais Royal, Galerie D'Orléans. 1-7, pls 14-16(1)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48997#page/355/mode/1up
page(s): 4; pl. 15: figs 1-9 [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) James, D.B & J.S. Pearse (1969). Echinoderms from the Gulf of Suez and the Northern Red Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. India 11(1-2): 79-125. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) James, D.B & J.S. Pearse (1969). Echinoderms from the Gulf of Suez and the Northern Red Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. India 11(1-2): 79-125. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCidaris calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCidaris calamaris (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCidarites calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema calamare (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema calamarium (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinothrix aequalis (Gray, 1855)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofEchinothrix aequalis (Gray, 1855)) Bölsche, W. 1865. Zusammenstellung der bis jetzt bekannten Echiniden aus der Gruppe der Diademiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 31, 324-336., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31586#page/332/mode/1up
page(s): 333 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinothrix annellata Peters, 1853) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofGarelia clavata Gray, 1855) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinotrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus calamarus Pallas, 1774) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofGarelia aequalis Gray, 1855) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinothrix clavata (Gray, 1855)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofEchinothrix clavata (Gray, 1855)) Bölsche, W. 1865. Zusammenstellung der bis jetzt bekannten Echiniden aus der Gruppe der Diademiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 31, 324-336., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31586#page/332/mode/1up
page(s): 333 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinothrix desorii (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAstropyga calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAstropyga desorii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862)) Lambert, J. (1923). Echinides vivants et fossiles recueillis à Madagascar par M. Raymond Decary. Mém. Soc. Acad. Agric. Sci. Dép. Aube 85: 13-55, 1 pl., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k57204048/f13.image [details]   

additional source  (ofDiadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofSavignya frappieri Michelin, 1862) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Thompson, G. B. (1982). Underwater observations on the distribution of regular sea urchins in Hong Kong. In: Proceedings of the first international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China (ed. Morton, B.), vol. 2, pp655-671. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines light maroon (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Solomon Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific IS. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971).; Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean; depth range 0-90 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Type locality East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English banded urchinbanded sea urchin  [details]
German Calamaris-Seeigel  [details]
Japanese トックリガンガゼモドキ  [details]