WoRMS taxon details

Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758)

207610  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207610)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Note unknown ('Mediterranean and ?Indian Seas")....  
From other sources
Type locality unknown ('Mediterranean and ?Indian Seas"). Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced.
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Description Colour in life: uniformly blue, grey, pink, purple or fawn. This contrasts with Pacific specimens from Palao examined by...  
Description Colour in life: uniformly blue, grey, pink, purple or fawn. This contrasts with Pacific specimens from Palao examined by A.M. Clark where they were all shades of blue (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Guam, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Ceylon bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates (1995) and Kalk (1958)); Lakshadweep (India)(Sastry, 1991).
General distribution: tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-60 m. (Rowe & Gates (1995) and Kalk (1958)); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, coral reefs (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Mah, C.L. (2018). World Asteroidea Database. Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207610 on 2018-02-21
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-26 07:19:20Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-10-22 04:26:17Z
changed

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original description  (ofLinckia typus Nardo, 1834) Nardo, J.D. (1834). De Asteriis. Isis von Oken. 1834: 716-717., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/87984#page/388/mode/1up
page(s): 717 [details]   

original description  (ofLinckia browni Gray, 1840) Gray, J. E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals of the Magazine of Natural History. 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up
page(s): 285 [details]   

original description  (ofLinckia crassa Gray, 1840) Gray, J. E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias, Linnaeus). Annals of the Magazine of Natural History. 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up
page(s): 284 [details]   

original description  (ofLinckia hondurae Domantay & Roxas, 1938) Domantay, J.S. and Roxas, H. A. (1938). The Littoral Asteroidea of Port Galera Bay and adjacent waters. Philippine Journal of Science. 65(3): 203-237, 17 plates.
page(s): 221 [details]   

original description  (ofLinckia rosenbergi von Martens, 1866) Martens, E. von (1866). Ueber östasiatiche Echinodermen. I. Asteroiden (Fortsetzung). 3. Seesterne des indischen Archipels. II. Ophiuren. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 32:: 57-88; 133-189., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31351#page/65/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLinckia suturalis von Martens, 1866) Martens, E. von (1866). Ueber östasiatiche Echinodermen. I. Asteroiden (Fortsetzung). 3. Seesterne des indischen Archipels. II. Ophiuren. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 32:: 57-88; 133-189., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31351#page/65/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofOphidiaster clathratus Grube, 1865) Grube, A.E. (1865). der Resultate seines Aufenthaltes auf der Insel Lussin. Jahres-Bericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Cultur. 42: 47-54., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46560306#page/61/mode/1up
page(s): 51 [details]   

original description  (ofOphidiaster miliaris Müller & Troschel, 1842) Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden.1. Asteriae. 2. Ophiuridae. Vieweg: Braunschweig. xxx+134 pp. 12 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159
page(s): 30 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofOphidiaster propinquus Livingstone, 1932) Livingstone, A.A. (1932). Asteroidea. British Museum (Natural History) Scientific Reports / Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29. 4(8): 241-265., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49516829#page/301/mode/1up
page(s): 255 [details]   

original description  (ofLinckia laevigata f. hondurae Domantay & Roxas, 1938) Domantay, J.S. and Roxas, H. A. (1938). The Littoral Asteroidea of Port Galera Bay and adjacent waters. Philippine Journal of Science. 65(3): 203-237, 17 plates.
page(s): 221 [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Williams, S.T. (2000). Species boundaries in the starfish genus Linckia. Marine Biology 136: 137-148. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840)) Jangoux, M. (1973). Les Astéries de lIle Inhaca (Mozambique)(Echinodermata, Asteroidea). I. les espèces récoltées et leur répartition géographique. KMMA Annalen Serie IN-8o - Zoologische wetenschappen Nr 208. 50 pp, 7 pl. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840)) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofLinckia typus Nardo, 1834) Clark, A.M.; Downey, M.E. (1992). Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman & Hall Identification Guides, 3. Chapman & Hall. London, UK. ISBN 0-412-43280-3. xxvi, 794 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

new combination reference  (ofOphidiaster laevigatus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden.1. Asteriae. 2. Ophiuridae. Vieweg: Braunschweig. xxx+134 pp. 12 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159
page(s): 30 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofAsterias laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758)) Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Clark, A. M. (1982). Echinoderms of Hong Kong. In: Morton B, editor. Proceedings of the first international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 1: 485-501. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Colour in life: uniformly blue, grey, pink, purple or fawn. This contrasts with Pacific specimens from Palao examined by A.M. Clark where they were all shades of blue (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Guam, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Ceylon bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates (1995) and Kalk (1958)); Lakshadweep (India)(Sastry, 1991).
General distribution: tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-60 m. (Rowe & Gates (1995) and Kalk (1958)); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, coral reefs (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Type locality unknown ('Mediterranean and ?Indian Seas"). Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced.
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English azure sea star  [details]
Japanese アオヒトデ  [details]