WoRMS taxon details

Mactra Linnaeus, 1767

138158  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138158)

accepted
Genus
Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (type by subsequent designation)
Deikea Mayer-Eymar, 1872 · unaccepted (synonym)
Mactra (Mactra) Linnaeus, 1767 · alternate representation
Mactra (Nannomactra) Iredale, 1930 · alternate representation
Telemactra Iredale, 1929 · unaccepted (synonym)
Trigonella da Costa, 1778 · unaccepted (synonym)

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  1. Species Mactra abbreviata Lamarck, 1818
  2. Species Mactra achatina Holten, 1802
  3. Species Mactra aequisulcata G. B. Sowerby III, 1894
  4. Species Mactra alta Deshayes, 1855
  5. Species Mactra antiquata Spengler, 1802
  6. Species Mactra aphrodina Reeve, 1854
  7. Species Mactra artensis Montrouzier, 1859
  8. Species Mactra australis Lamarck, 1818
  9. Species Mactra chinensis R. A. Philippi, 1846
  10. Species Mactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  11. Species Mactra cordiformis Reeve, 1854
  12. Species Mactra crossei (Dunker, 1877)
  13. Species Mactra cumingii Reeve, 1854
  14. Species Mactra cuneata Gmelin, 1791
  15. Species Mactra cygnus Gmelin, 1791
  16. Species Mactra deshayesi Mayer, 1867
  17. Species Mactra dissimilis Reeve, 1854
  18. Species Mactra eburnea R. A. Philippi, 1849
  19. Species Mactra eximia Reeve, 1854
  20. Species Mactra fuegiensis E. A. Smith, 1905
  21. Species Mactra gigas Nowell-Usticke, 1969
  22. Species Mactra glabrata Linnaeus, 1767
  23. Species Mactra glauca Born, 1778
  24. Species Mactra grandis Gmelin, 1791
  25. Species Mactra guidoi Signorelli & F. Scarabino, 2010
  26. Species Mactra inaequalis Reeve, 1854
  27. Species Mactra incarnata Reeve, 1854
  28. Species Mactra incerta E. A. Smith, 1885
  29. Species Mactra iridescens Kuroda & Habe, 1958
  30. Species Mactra isabelleana d'Orbigny, 1846
  31. Species Mactra jacksonensis E. A. Smith, 1885
  32. Species Mactra kanakina S. M. Souverbie, 1860
  33. Species Mactra lilacea Lamarck, 1818
  34. Species Mactra luzonica Reeve, 1854
  35. Species Mactra maculata Gmelin, 1791
  36. Species Mactra marplatensis Doello-Jurado, 1949
  37. Species Mactra mitis Reeve, 1854
  38. Species Mactra nipponica Kuroda & Habe, 1971
  39. Species Mactra olorina R. A. Philippi, 1846
  40. Species Mactra opposita Reeve, 1854
  41. Species Mactra petitii d'Orbigny, 1846
  42. Species Mactra pulchella R. A. Philippi, 1846
  43. Species Mactra pura Reeve, 1854
  44. Species Mactra pusilla A. Adams, 1856
  45. Species Mactra quadrangularis Reeve, 1854
  46. Species Mactra queenslandica E. A. Smith, 1914
  47. Species Mactra quirosana H. K. Hodson, 1931
  48. Species Mactra rochebrunei E. Lamy, 1916
  49. Species Mactra sauliana Gray, 1838
  50. Species Mactra sericea Reeve, 1854
  51. Species Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  52. Species Mactra subglobosa Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829
  53. Species Mactra thaanumi Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938
  54. Species Mactra turgida Gmelin, 1791
  55. Species Mactra violacea Gmelin, 1791
  56. Species Mactra westralis Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990
  57. Subgenus Mactra (Barymactra) Cossmann, 1909 accepted as Barymactra Cossmann, 1909 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
  58. Subgenus Mactra (Cyclomactra) Dall, 1895 accepted as Cyclomactra Dall, 1895 (original rank)
    1. Subgenus Mactra (Harvella) J. E. Gray, 1853 accepted as Harvella J. E. Gray, 1853 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
      1. Species Mactra (Harvella) sanctiblasii Maury, 1925 accepted as Harvella elegans (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825)
    2. Subgenus Mactra (Heteromactra) E. Lamy, 1906 accepted as Cyamiomactra F. Bernard, 1897 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      1. Species Mactra (Heteromactra) laminifera E. Lamy, 1906 accepted as Cyamiomactra laminifera (E. Lamy, 1906) (basionym)
    3. Subgenus Mactra (Mactrinula) Gray, 1853 accepted as Mactrinula Gray, 1853
      1. Species Mactra (Mactrinula) goniocyma Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 accepted as Mactrinula goniocyma (Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932)
      2. Species Mactra (Mactrinula) janeiroensis E. A. Smith, 1915 accepted as Mactrotoma janeiroensis (E. A. Smith, 1915) (basionym)
    4. Subgenus Mactra (Mactrotoma) Dall, 1894 accepted as Mactrotoma Dall, 1894 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
      1. Species Mactra (Mactrotoma) aspersa G. B. Sowerby I, 1825 accepted as Oxyperas aspersum (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825)
      2. Species Mactra (Mactrotoma) capensis G. B. Sowerby III, 1892 accepted as Simomactra capensis (G. B. Sowerby III, 1892)
    5. Subgenus Mactra (Mactrula) Marwick, 1948 accepted as Pseudocardium Gabb, 1866 †
      1. Subgenus Mactra (Maorimactra) H. J. Finlay, 1928 accepted as Maorimactra H. J. Finlay, 1928 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
        1. Species Mactra (Maorimactra) ordinaria E. A. Smith, 1898 accepted as Maorimactra ordinaria (E. A. Smith, 1898) (superseded combination)
      2. Subgenus Mactra (Micromactra) Dall, 1894 accepted as Mactrella J. E. Gray, 1853 (junior synonym)
        1. Species Mactra (Micromactra) atacama Pilsbry & Olsson, 1941 accepted as Mactrotoma angusta (Reeve, 1854)
        2. Species Mactra (Micromactra) surinamensis van Regteren Altena, 1968 accepted as Mactrotoma surinamensis (van Regteren Altena, 1968)
        3. Species Mactra (Micromactra) vanattae Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 accepted as Mactrotoma isthmica (Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      3. Subgenus Mactra (Mulinia) J. E. Gray, 1837 accepted as Mulinia J. E. Gray, 1837 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
        1. Species Mactra (Mulinia) levicardo E. A. Smith, 1881 accepted as Mulinia levicardo (E. A. Smith, 1881) (basionym)
        2. Species Mactra (Mulinia) rodatzi Dunker, 1850 accepted as Mulinia edulis (P. P. King, 1832)
      4. Subgenus Mactra (Oxyperas) Mörch, 1853 accepted as Oxyperas Mörch, 1853
        1. Species Mactra (Oxyperas) coppingeri E. A. Smith, 1884 accepted as Oxyperas coppingeri (E. A. Smith, 1884) (basionym)
      5. Subgenus Mactra (Pseudoxyperas) Sacco, 1901 accepted as Oxyperas Mörch, 1853
        1. Species Mactra (Pseudoxyperas) proaspersa Sacco, 1901 accepted as Oxyperas proaspersum (Sacco, 1901)
      6. Subgenus Mactra (Simomactra) Dall, 1894 accepted as Simomactra Dall, 1894
        1. Species Mactra (Simomactra) hoffstetteri Cauquoin, 1969 accepted as Spisula adamsi Olsson, 1961
      7. Subgenus Mactra (Spisula) J. E. Gray, 1837 accepted as Spisula J. E. Gray, 1837
        1. Species Mactra (Spisula) grayana Schrenck, 1867 accepted as Mactromeris polynyma (W. Stimpson, 1860)
      8. Subgenus Mactra (Trigonella) Conrad, 1837 accepted as Tivela Link, 1807
        1. Species Mactra (Trigonella) incerta E. A. Smith, 1885 accepted as Mactra incerta E. A. Smith, 1885 (basionym)
        2. Species Mactra (Trigonella) jacksonensis E. A. Smith, 1885 accepted as Mactra jacksonensis E. A. Smith, 1885 (basionym)
        3. Species Mactra (Trigonella) laevis Dunker, 1871 accepted as Mactra lilacea Lamarck, 1818 (junior synonym)
      9. Species Mactra acutissima Cosel, 1995 accepted as Scissodesma acutissima (Cosel, 1995)
      10. Species Mactra adansoni [sic] accepted as Mactra adansonii R. A. Philippi, 1849 accepted as Mactra glabrata Linnaeus, 1767 (misspelling of specific epithet)
      11. Species Mactra adansonii R. A. Philippi, 1849 accepted as Mactra glabrata Linnaeus, 1767
      12. Species Mactra adspersa Dunker, 1849 accepted as Mactra achatina Holten, 1802
      13. Species Mactra aegyptiaca Dillwyn, 1817 accepted as Meropesta nicobarica (Gmelin, 1791)
      14. Species Mactra aequilatera Reeve, 1854 accepted as Crassula aequilatera (Reeve, 1854) (superseded combination)
      15. Species Mactra aequilateralis Deshayes, 1854 accepted as Crassula aequilatera (Reeve, 1854) (junior objective synonym)
      16. Species Mactra alata Spengler, 1802 accepted as Mactrellona alata (Spengler, 1802) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      17. Species Mactra alba W. Wood, 1802 accepted as Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
      18. Species Mactra alba Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Mactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758)
      19. Species Mactra albina Deshayes, 1832 accepted as Leptospisula nivea (Gmelin, 1791)
      20. Species Mactra alfredensis Bartsch, 1915 accepted as Mactrotoma ovalina (Lamarck, 1818) (junior synonym)
      21. Species Mactra ambiqua Weinkauff, 1884 accepted as Mactrotoma compressa (Spengler, 1802)
      22. Species Mactra amygdala Crosse & P. Fischer, 1864 accepted as Anapella cycladea (Lamarck, 1818)
      23. Species Mactra anatina Spengler, 1802 accepted as Anatina anatina (Spengler, 1802) (original combination)
      24. Species Mactra anatinoides Reeve, 1854 accepted as Raeta pellicula (Reeve, 1854)
      25. Species Mactra andamanica (E. A. Smith, 1904) accepted as Periploma andamanicum (E. A. Smith, 1904)
      26. Species Mactra angolensis Cosel, 1995 accepted as Scissodesma angolensis (Cosel, 1995)
      27. Species Mactra angulata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mulinia pallida (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) (unaccepted > junior homonym, not Mactra angulata J. de C. Sowerby, 1836)
      28. Species Mactra angulifera Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma angulifera (Reeve, 1854) (original combination)
      29. Species Mactra angulifera Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra angulifera Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma angulifera (Reeve, 1854) (synonym and homonym)
      30. Species Mactra angusta Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma angusta (Reeve, 1854) (original combination)
      31. Species Mactra angusta Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra angusta Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma angusta (Reeve, 1854) (synonym and homonym)
      32. Species Mactra anserina Guppy, 1874 accepted as Mactrotoma fragilis (Gmelin, 1791)
      33. Species Mactra aphrodina Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra aphrodina Reeve, 1854 (synonym and homonym)
      34. Species Mactra apicina Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactra luzonica Reeve, 1854
      35. Species Mactra arctata Conrad, 1831 accepted as Mesodesma arctatum (Conrad, 1831)
      36. Species Mactra aspersa G. B. Sowerby I, 1825 accepted as Oxyperas aspersa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825) accepted as Oxyperas aspersum (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825)
      37. Species Mactra atacama Pilsbry & Olsson, 1941 accepted as Mactrotoma angusta (Reeve, 1854)
      38. Species Mactra attenuata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactra cygnus Gmelin, 1791
      39. Species Mactra attenuata Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra attenuata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactra cygnus Gmelin, 1791 (synonym and homonym)
      40. Species Mactra bilineata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma fragilis (Gmelin, 1791)
      41. Species Mactra bilineata Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra bilineata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma fragilis (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym and homonym)
      42. Species Mactra bistrigata Mörch, 1860 accepted as Mulinia pallida (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829)
      43. Species Mactra bonneauii Bernardi, 1858 accepted as Mactra quadrangularis Reeve, 1854
      44. Species Mactra bourguignati Locard, 1890 accepted as Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
      45. Species Mactra boysii Montagu, 1803 accepted as Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
      46. Species Mactra brasiliana Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Mactrotoma fragilis (Gmelin, 1791)
      47. Species Mactra calbucana R. A. Philippi, 1893 accepted as Mulinia exalbida J. E. Gray, 1837
      48. Species Mactra californica Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma nasuta (A. Gould, 1851)
      49. Species Mactra californica Conrad, 1837 accepted as Mactrella californica (Conrad, 1837) accepted as Mactrotoma californica (Conrad, 1837) (original combination)
      50. Species Mactra californica Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra californica Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactrotoma nasuta (A. Gould, 1851) (synonym and homonym)
      51. Species Mactra campechensis J. E. Gray, 1825 accepted as Raeta plicatella (Lamarck, 1818) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      52. Species Mactra candida Nardo, 1847 accepted as Mactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758)
      53. Species Mactra capensis G. B. Sowerby III, 1892 accepted as Simomactra capensis (G. B. Sowerby III, 1892)
      54. Species Mactra capillacea Reeve, 1854 accepted as Meropesta capillacea (Reeve, 1854)
      55. Species Mactra capillacea Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra capillacea Reeve, 1854 accepted as Meropesta capillacea (Reeve, 1854) (synonym and homonym)
      56. Species Mactra carinata Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Mactrellona alata (Spengler, 1802)
      57. Species Mactra carinulata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mulinia cleryana (d'Orbigny, 1846)
      58. Species Mactra carinulata Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra carinulata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mulinia cleryana (d'Orbigny, 1846) (synonym and homonym)
      59. Species Mactra carneopicta Pilsbry, 1904 accepted as Mactra chinensis R. A. Philippi, 1846
      60. Species Mactra castanea Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)
      61. Species Mactra catilliformis (Conrad, 1867) accepted as Mactromeris catilliformis (Conrad, 1867) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      62. Species Mactra chemnitzii Gray, 1837 accepted as Mactra antiquata Spengler, 1802
      63. Species Mactra cibaria R. A. Philippi, 1893 accepted as Mulinia exalbida J. E. Gray, 1837
      64. Species Mactra cinerea Montagu, 1808 accepted as Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
      65. Species Mactra cleryana d'Orbigny, 1846 accepted as Mulinia cleryana (d'Orbigny, 1846) (original combination)
      66. Species Mactra cojimbensis Anton, 1837 accepted as Mulinia edulis (P. P. King, 1832)
      67. Species Mactra coloradoensis Dall, 1894 accepted as Mulinia modesta (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      68. Species Mactra complanata Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Lutraria complanata (Gmelin, 1791)
      69. Species Mactra complanata Reeve, 1854 accepted as Simomactra chionia (Tomlin, 1921) (unaccepted > junior homonym, Junior homonym of Mactra complanata Gmelin, 1791. Mactrinula chionia Tomlin, 1921 is a replacement name)
      70. Species Mactra compressa Spengler, 1802 accepted as Mactrotoma compressa (Spengler, 1802)
      71. Species Mactra compressa Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Scrobicularia plana (da Costa, 1778)
      72. Species Mactra concentrica Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 accepted as Mactrellona alata (Spengler, 1802)
      73. Species Mactra contraria Reeve, 1854 accepted as Austromactra contraria (Reeve, 1854)
      74. Species Mactra contraria Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra contraria Reeve, 1854 accepted as Austromactra contraria (Reeve, 1854) (synonym and homonym)
      75. Species Mactra coppingeri E. A. Smith, 1884 accepted as Oxyperas coppingeri (E. A. Smith, 1884) (original combination)
      76. Species Mactra coquimba R. A. Philippi, 1887 accepted as Spisula petitii (d'Orbigny, 1846) accepted as Mactra petitii d'Orbigny, 1846
      77. Species Mactra coquimbana R. A. Philippi, 1893 accepted as Mulinia edulis (P. P. King, 1832)
      78. Species Mactra corbiculoides Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactra cygnus Gmelin, 1791
      79. Species Mactra corbiculoides Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra corbiculoides Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactra cygnus Gmelin, 1791 (synonym and homonym)
      80. Species Mactra corbuloides Reeve, 1854 accepted as Spisula trigonella (Lamarck, 1818)
      81. Species Mactra corbuloides Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra corbuloides Reeve, 1854 accepted as Spisula trigonella (Lamarck, 1818)
      82. Species Mactra cornea Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactra antiquata Spengler, 1802
      83. Species Mactra cornea Poli, 1791 accepted as Donacilla cornea (Poli, 1791) (original combination)
      84. Species Mactra crassatella Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)
      85. Species Mactra crista Jousseaume, 1894 accepted as Mactrotoma ovalina (Lamarck, 1818) (junior synonym)
      86. Species Mactra cumingiana Petit de la Saussaye, 1853 accepted as Barymactra rostrata (Spengler, 1802)
      87. Species Mactra cuneola A. Gould, 1850 accepted as Mulinia edulis (P. P. King, 1832)
      88. Species Mactra cuvieri Deshayes, 1854 accepted as Mactra cumingii Reeve, 1854
      89. Species Mactra cygnea Spengler, 1802 accepted as Mactra cygnus Gmelin, 1791
      90. Species Mactra cygnea R. A. Philippi, 1844 accepted as Mactra olorina R. A. Philippi, 1846 (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Mactra cygnea Lamarck, 1799)
      91. Species Mactra cyprinus W. Wood, 1828 accepted as Anatina cyprinus (W. Wood, 1828) (original combination)
      92. Species Mactra dealbata Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Mactrotoma dealbata (Pulteney, 1799) accepted as Mactrotoma fragilis (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
      93. Species Mactra deaurata W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Mesodesma deauratum (W. Turton, 1822) (original combination)
      94. Species Mactra debilis A. Gould, 1850 accepted as Standella pellucida (Gmelin, 1791)
      95. Species Mactra decora Reeve, 1854 accepted as Mactra lilacea Lamarck, 1818 (junior synonym)
      96. Species Mactra delicatula Preston, 1904 accepted as Mactra cuneata Gmelin, 1791
      97. Species Mactra deltoides Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
      98. Species Mactra deluta A. Gould, 1850 accepted as Cyclomactra ovata (J. E. Gray, 1843) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      99. Species Mactra depressa Spengler, 1802 accepted as Mactrotoma depressa (Spengler, 1802)
      100. Species Mactra depressa Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Standella pellucida (Gmelin, 1791)
      101. Species Mactra deshayesii Conrad, 1868 accepted as Mactrotoma nasuta (A. Gould, 1851)
      102. Species Mactra diolensis Bouchet & Nicklès, 1976 accepted as Mactrotoma compressa (Spengler, 1802)
      103. Species Mactra discors J. E. Gray, 1837 accepted as Spisula discors (J. E. Gray, 1837) (superseded combination)
      104. Species Mactra dissimilis Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Mactra dissimilis Reeve, 1854 (synonym and homonym)
      105. Species Mactra dolabrata Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      106. Species Mactra dolabrata Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      107. Species Mactra dolabriformis (Conrad, 1867) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      108. Species Mactra donacia Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      109. Species Mactra dunkeri Yokoyama, 1922 (unaccepted)
      110. Species Mactra dysoni Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      111. Species Mactra edulis P. P. King, 1832 (unaccepted, original combination)
      112. Species Mactra egena Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      113. Species Mactra elegans G. B. Sowerby I, 1825 (unaccepted, original combination)
      114. Species Mactra elliptica T. Brown, 1827 (unaccepted)
      115. Species Mactra elongata Quoy & Gaimard, 1835 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
      116. Species Mactra epidermia R. A. Philippi, 1893 (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Mactra epidermia Deshayes in Reeve, 1854)
      117. Species Mactra epidermia Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      118. Species Mactra estrellana Olsson, 1922 (unaccepted)
      119. Species Mactra euxinica Krynicki, 1837 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
      120. Species Mactra exoleta J. E. Gray, 1837 (unaccepted, original combination)
      121. Species Mactra explanata Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      122. Species Mactra explanata Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
      123. Species Mactra falcata A. Gould, 1850 (unaccepted, original combination)
      124. Species Mactra fasciata Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      125. Species Mactra fauroti Jousseaume, 1888 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      126. Species Mactra fluviatilis Angas, 1871 (unaccepted)
      127. Species Mactra fonsecana Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1950 (unaccepted)
      128. Species Mactra fragilis Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
      129. Species Mactra fragilis Chemnitz, 1782 (unaccepted > unavailable name, published in a work rejected by ICZN, 1944, Opinion 184)
      130. Species Mactra fujinensis Yokoyama, 1923 (unaccepted)
      131. Species Mactra gabbi Tryon, 1870 (unaccepted)
      132. Species Mactra gallina Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      133. Species Mactra gibbosula Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      134. Species Mactra gigantea Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      135. Species Mactra glabrata Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
      136. Species Mactra goniata Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted)
      137. Species Mactra goniocyma Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 (unaccepted, original combination)
      138. Species Mactra gracilis Locard, 1891 (unaccepted)
      139. Species Mactra grandis Deshayes, 1832 (unaccepted)
      140. Species Mactra grayana Schrenck, 1867 (unaccepted)
      141. Species Mactra guadelupensis Récluz, 1852 (unaccepted)
      142. Species Mactra helvacea Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      143. Species Mactra hemphillii Dall, 1894 (unaccepted, original combination)
      144. Species Mactra hepatica Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      145. Species Mactra hepatica Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      146. Species Mactra hians Pulteney, 1799 (unaccepted)
      147. Species Mactra hians R. A. Philippi, 1846 (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Mactra hians Pulteney, 1799)
      148. Species Mactra hiantina Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted)
      149. Species Mactra hoffstetteri Cauquoin, 1969 (unaccepted)
      150. Species Mactra iheringi (Dall, 1897) (unaccepted)
      151. Species Mactra inaequalis Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      152. Species Mactra inceri Petuch, 1998 (unaccepted)
      153. Species Mactra incongrua Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      154. Species Mactra incongrua Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      155. Species Mactra inconstans Cosel, 1995 (unaccepted)
      156. Species Mactra inflata Bronn, 1831 (unaccepted)
      157. Species Mactra intermedia Aradas, 1847 (unaccepted, dubious synonym)
      158. Species Mactra intuspicta Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted)
      159. Species Mactra isthmia Jousseaume, 1888 (unaccepted)
      160. Species Mactra isthmica Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 (unaccepted, original combination)
      161. Species Mactra janeiroensis E. A. Smith, 1915 (unaccepted, original combination)
      162. Species Mactra jickelii Weinkauff, 1881 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      163. Species Mactra jonasi R. A. Philippi, 1893 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      164. Species Mactra jousseaumi Mabille & Rochebrune, 1889 (unaccepted)
      165. Species Mactra kraussi W. H. Turton, 1932 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      166. Species Mactra lacinata P. P. Carpenter, 1856 (unaccepted)
      167. Species Mactra lactea Poli, 1791 (unaccepted)
      168. Species Mactra lactea (Poli, 1795) sensu Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted, misapplication)
      169. Species Mactra lactea Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
      170. Species Mactra laevigata Schumacher, 1817 (unaccepted)
      171. Species Mactra laevis Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      172. Species Mactra laevis Dunker, 1871 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      173. Species Mactra lamarckii R. A. Philippi, 1846 (unaccepted)
      174. Species Mactra laminifera E. Lamy, 1906 (unaccepted, original combination)
      175. Species Mactra largillierti R. A. Philippi, 1849 (unaccepted)
      176. Species Mactra lateralis Say, 1822 (unaccepted)
      177. Species Mactra levicardo E. A. Smith, 1881 (unaccepted, original combination)
      178. Species Mactra lisor Anton, 1838 (unaccepted)
      179. Species Mactra listeri Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
      180. Species Mactra loebbeckeana Weinkauff, 1881 (unaccepted)
      181. Species Mactra lotensis R. A. Philippi, 1893 (unaccepted)
      182. Species Mactra luedorfii Dunker, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      183. Species Mactra lurida R. A. Philippi, 1850 (unaccepted)
      184. Species Mactra luteola Lovén, 1846 (unaccepted)
      185. Species Mactra luzonica Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      186. Species Mactra maculosa Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      187. Species Mactra magellanica R. A. Philippi, 1893 (unaccepted)
      188. Species Mactra marcida A. Gould, 1850 (unaccepted)
      189. Species Mactra mariae A. Adams, 1856 (unaccepted, junior subjective synonym)
      190. Species Mactra matthewsi Tate, 1889 (unaccepted)
      191. Species Mactra mendica A. Gould, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination)
      192. Species Mactra mera Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      193. Species Mactra meretriciformis Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      194. Species Mactra micronitida Cosel, 1995 (unaccepted)
      195. Species Mactra minutissima Montagu, 1808 (unaccepted)
      196. Species Mactra modesta P. P. Carpenter, 1864 (unaccepted, original combination)
      197. Species Mactra murchisoni Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      198. Species Mactra murchisoni Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
      199. Species Mactra nasuta A. Gould, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination)
      200. Species Mactra neapolitana Poli, 1791 (unaccepted)
      201. Species Mactra nebulosa Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 (unaccepted)
      202. Species Mactra nicobarica Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
      203. Species Mactra nitida Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
      204. Species Mactra nitida Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted, not an available name; available from Gmelin, 1791)
      205. Species Mactra nuttallii Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      206. Species Mactra obesa Deshayes, 1854 (unaccepted)
      207. Species Mactra oblonga Say, 1822 (unaccepted)
      208. Species Mactra ochracea E. von Martens, 1879 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      209. Species Mactra opposita Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      210. Species Mactra ordinaria E. A. Smith, 1898 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
      211. Species Mactra ornata Gray, 1837 (unaccepted)
      212. Species Mactra ovalina E. A. Smith, 1914 (unaccepted)
      213. Species Mactra ovalina Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted, original combination)
      214. Species Mactra ovalis A. Gould, 1840 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Mactra ovalis J. Sowerby, 1817; Mactra polynyma is a replacement name)
      215. Species Mactra ovata W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted)
      216. Species Mactra paitensis R. A. Philippi, 1893 (unaccepted)
      217. Species Mactra pallida Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 (unaccepted, original combination)
      218. Species Mactra papyracea Chemnitz, 1782 (unaccepted, unavailable name: published in a work rejected by ICZN Direction 1; available from Gmelin, 1791)
      219. Species Mactra papyracea Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      220. Species Mactra parkesiana Hedley, 1902 (unaccepted, junior subjective synonym)
      221. Species Mactra paulucci Aradas & Benoit, 1871 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      222. Species Mactra paulucciae Locard, 1890 (unaccepted, unjustified emendation of paulucci Aradas & Benoit, 1872)
      223. Species Mactra pellicula Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      224. Species Mactra pellucida Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
      225. Species Mactra pencana R. A. Philippi, 1893 (unaccepted)
      226. Species Mactra pinguis Crosse & P. Fischer, 1864 (unaccepted)
      227. Species Mactra piperata Poiret, 1789 (unaccepted)
      228. Species Mactra planata Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      229. Species Mactra planulata Conrad, 1837 (unaccepted)
      230. Species Mactra plicataria Linnaeus, 1767 (unaccepted)
      231. Species Mactra plicatilis Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      232. Species Mactra plicatilis Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      233. Species Mactra polita Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      234. Species Mactra polynyma W. Stimpson, 1860 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      235. Species Mactra ponderosa R. A. Philippi, 1844 (unaccepted)
      236. Species Mactra proaspersa Sacco, 1901 sensu Ardovini & al., 2004 (unaccepted)
      237. Species Mactra procera Dillwyn, 1817 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      238. Species Mactra pulchra Gray, 1837 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      239. Species Mactra pulla R. A. Philippi, 1849 (unaccepted)
      240. Species Mactra purpurea Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      241. Species Mactra radiata Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      242. Species Mactra radiata Donovan, 1803 (unaccepted)
      243. Species Mactra radiolata Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      244. Species Mactra radiolata Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      245. Species Mactra raveneli Conrad, 1832 (unaccepted)
      246. Species Mactra recurva W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted)
      247. Species Mactra reevei Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      248. Species Mactra reevesii J. E. Gray, 1837 (unaccepted, original combination)
      249. Species Mactra reticulata Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      250. Species Mactra richmondi Dall, 1894 (unaccepted)
      251. Species Mactra rostralis Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      252. Species Mactra rostralis Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      253. Species Mactra rostrata Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      254. Species Mactra rostrata Spengler, 1802 sensu Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, misapplication)
      255. Species Mactra rostrata R. A. Philippi, 1849 (unaccepted)
      256. Species Mactra rufa Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      257. Species Mactra rufanensis W. H. Turton, 1932 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      258. Species Mactra rufescens Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      259. Species Mactra rugifera Dunker, 1862 (unaccepted)
      260. Species Mactra rugosa Helbling, 1779 (unaccepted)
      261. Species Mactra sachalinensis Schrenck, 1862 (unaccepted)
      262. Species Mactra sanctiblasii Maury, 1925 (unaccepted)
      263. Species Mactra sauliae [sic] (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling of sauliana Gray, 1838 in Reeve (1854) and subsequent authors)
      264. Species Mactra saulii [sic] (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling by Hanley, 1843)
      265. Species Mactra scalpellum Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
      266. Species Mactra scalpellum Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      267. Species Mactra semistriata Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      268. Species Mactra semisulcata Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Mactra semisulcata Lamarck, 1805)
      269. Species Mactra senegalensis R. A. Philippi, 1849 sensu Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted > misapplication)
      270. Species Mactra senegalensis R. A. Philippi, 1849 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      271. Species Mactra sericea Brusina, 1865 (unaccepted)
      272. Species Mactra sericea Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      273. Species Mactra setosa Quoy & Quimard, 1835 (unaccepted)
      274. Species Mactra sibyllae Valenciennes, 1858 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      275. Species Mactra silicula Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, junior primary homonym of Mactra silicula Reeve, 1854)
      276. Species Mactra silicula Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      277. Species Mactra similis W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted)
      278. Species Mactra similis Say, 1822 (unaccepted)
      279. Species Mactra solida (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
      280. Species Mactra solidissima Dillwyn, 1817 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      281. Species Mactra spectabilis Lischke, 1871 (unaccepted)
      282. Species Mactra spengleri Linnaeus, 1767 (unaccepted)
      283. Species Mactra squalida Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      284. Species Mactra straminea Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      285. Species Mactra striata Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
      286. Species Mactra striata Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      287. Species Mactra striata Nyst, 1845 (unaccepted)
      288. Species Mactra striata T. Brown, 1827 (unaccepted)
      289. Species Mactra striatella Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      290. Species Mactra striatula Linnaeus, 1767 (unaccepted)
      291. Species Mactra subalata Mörch, 1860 (unaccepted, original combination)
      292. Species Mactra sublanceolata Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted)
      293. Species Mactra subplicata Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      294. Species Mactra subplicata W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted)
      295. Species Mactra subrostrata Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      296. Species Mactra subtriangulata W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
      297. Species Mactra subtrigona (S. V. Wood, 1841) (unaccepted)
      298. Species Mactra subtruncata (da Costa, 1778) (unaccepted)
      299. Species Mactra sulcata Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 (unaccepted)
      300. Species Mactra sulcataria Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      301. Species Mactra symmetrica Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      302. Species Mactra taprobanensis W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted)
      303. Species Mactra taprobanensis Preston, 1904 (unaccepted, preoccupied by Mactra taprobanensis Wood, 1828)
      304. Species Mactra targioni Aradas & Benoit, 1872 (unaccepted)
      305. Species Mactra tellinoides Pulteney, 1799 (unaccepted)
      306. Species Mactra tellinoides Conrad, 1831 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Mactra tellinoides Pulteney, 1799)
      307. Species Mactra tenera W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted)
      308. Species Mactra tenuis Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted)
      309. Species Mactra thracioides A. Adams & Reeve, 1850 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      310. Species Mactra transversa Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      311. Species Mactra triangula Brocchi, 1814 (unaccepted)
      312. Species Mactra triangularis Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted)
      313. Species Mactra triangularis Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted, Invalid: junior homonym of Mactra triangularis Montagu, 1803)
      314. Species Mactra trigonella Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
      315. Species Mactra tristis Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      316. Species Mactra tristis Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
      317. Species Mactra truncata Montagu, 1808 (unaccepted)
      318. Species Mactra tumida Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      319. Species Mactra unicolor Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 (unaccepted)
      320. Species Mactra vanattae Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      321. Species Mactra velata R. A. Philippi, 1849 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      322. Species Mactra veneriformis Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      323. Species Mactra veneriformis W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      324. Species Mactra virgo Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted)
      325. Species Mactra virgo Deshayes, 1855 (unaccepted, synonym and homonym)
      326. Species Mactra vitrea Spengler, 1802 (unaccepted)
      327. Species Mactra vitrea Gray, 1837 (unaccepted, junior homonym of Mactra vitrea Spengler, 1802; Anatina grayi is a replacement name)
      328. Species Mactra vitrea Dillwyn, 1817 (unaccepted, The first author to make this name available (taken from Chemnitz, 1795, non-binomial) was Spengler (1802) id=540849, therefore Dillwyn is not deemed to have introduced a new name. (Gofas, Serge))
      329. Species Mactra vitrea Chemnitz, 1795 (unaccepted, unavailable name: published in a work rejected by ICZN direction 1; available from Spengler, 1802)
      330. Species Mactra williamsi S. S. Berry, 1960 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Mactra williamsi Marwick, 1948)
      331. Species Mactra zellwegeri Jousseaume, 1894 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
      332. Species Mactra zonata Lischke, 1871 (unaccepted, junior subjective synonym)
      333. Subgenus Mactra (Mactra) Linnaeus, 1767 (alternate representation)
        1. Species Mactra (Mactra) williamsi S. S. Berry, 1960 accepted as Spisula adamsi Olsson, 1961
      334. Subgenus Mactra (Nannomactra) Iredale, 1930 represented as Mactra Linnaeus, 1767
      335. Species Mactra bullata Deshayes, 1855 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
      336. Species Mactra diaphana Anton, 1837 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
      337. Species Mactra excisa Anton, 1838 (uncertain, status in recent literature not researched by editor)
      338. Species Mactra nucleus Conrad, 1831 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
      339. Species Mactra radiosa Lesson, 1831 (uncertain > unassessed)
      340. Species Mactra similis G. B. Sowerby I, 1839 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, preoccupied)
      341. Species Mactra triangulare Hector, 1870 (uncertain > nomen dubium, Not Mactra triangularis Montagu, 1803 (homonym))
      342. Species Mactra trigona Anton, 1838 (uncertain, status in recent literature not researched by editor)
      marine, fresh, terrestrial
      recent + fossil
      feminine
      Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
      Nomenclature The official list of names in zoology(ICZN) includes the following entry:
      Mactra Linnaeus, 1767, Systema Naturae, Ed. 12,...  
      Nomenclature The official list of names in zoology(ICZN) includes the following entry:
      Mactra Linnaeus, 1767, Systema Naturae, Ed. 12, vol. 1, part 2, p. 1125 (gender: feminine) (type species, by designation by Gray, 1847 (Proc. zool. Soc. London, 15: 185): Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758, Systema Naturae, Ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 681) (Bivalvia). Op. 94, Direction 72 [1957].
      Keen (in Moore, 1969, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology p. N595) mentions an ealier designation of Cardium stultorum as the type species of Mactra.  [details]
      MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Mactra Linnaeus, 1767. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138158 on 2024-03-05
      Date
      action
      by
      2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
      created
      2012-03-09 11:53:15Z
      changed
      2012-03-31 12:25:37Z
      changed
      2017-11-14 17:01:17Z
      changed
      2019-07-26 01:12:07Z
      changed
      2023-01-26 09:30:58Z
      changed

      Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


      original description Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

      original description  (of Colorimactra Iredale, 1929) Iredale, T. (1929). Queensland molluscan notes, No. 1. <em>Memoirs of the Queensland Museum.</em> 9(3): 261-297, pls 30-31 [29 June 1929]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/52430219
      page(s): 268 [details]   

      original description  (of Trigonella da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, E. M. (1778). <i>Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology</i>; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois. i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
      page(s): 196. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

      original description  (of Telemactra Iredale, 1929) Iredale, T. (1929). Queensland molluscan notes, No. 1. <em>Memoirs of the Queensland Museum.</em> 9(3): 261-297, pls 30-31 [29 June 1929]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/52430219
      page(s): 268 [details]   

      original description  (of Nannomactra Iredale, 1930) Iredale, T. (1930). More notes on the marine Mollusca of New South Wales. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 17(9): 384-407, pls 62-65. [Published 27 June 1930]., available online at http://australianmuseum.net.au/Uploads/Journals/17186/773_complete.pdf
      page(s): 400, 407 [details]   

      basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

      additional source Kondo, Y.; Yokogawa, K.; Shiratsuchi, T. (2001). Substrate Preferences and Burrowing Ability of Donacidae and Mesodesmatidae (Bivalvia) on Beaches of Southwest Japan. <em>Venus (Journal of the Malacological Society of Japan).</em> 60 (1-2): 57-69. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

      additional source Vaught, K.C.; Abbott, R.T.; Boss, K.J. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne. ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
       
       Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
      From editor or global species database
      Nomenclature The official list of names in zoology(ICZN) includes the following entry:
      Mactra Linnaeus, 1767, Systema Naturae, Ed. 12, vol. 1, part 2, p. 1125 (gender: feminine) (type species, by designation by Gray, 1847 (Proc. zool. Soc. London, 15: 185): Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758, Systema Naturae, Ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 681) (Bivalvia). Op. 94, Direction 72 [1957].
      Keen (in Moore, 1969, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology p. N595) mentions an ealier designation of Cardium stultorum as the type species of Mactra.  [details]
      LanguageName 
      English fenugreeks [from synonym]  [details]
      Norwegian Bokmål hornkløverslekta [from synonym]  [details]
      Norwegian Nynorsk hornkløverslekta [from synonym]  [details]
      Swedish trigonellor [from synonym]  [details]