WoRMS taxon details

Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)

140299  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140299)

accepted
Species
Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (original combination)
Mactra cinerea Montagu, 1808 · unaccepted (synonym)
Mactra corallina var. trigona Pallary, 1938 · unaccepted (invalid; not Anton, 1838)
Mactra intermedia Aradas, 1847 · unaccepted (dubious synonym)
Mactra lactea (Poli, 1795) sensu Lamarck, 1818 · unaccepted (misapplication)
Mactra paulucci Aradas & Benoit, 1871 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Mactra paulucciae Locard, 1890 · unaccepted (unjustified emendation of...)  
unjustified emendation of paulucci Aradas & Benoit, 1872

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(of Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 681 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Taxonomic remark This is the brown rayed Mactra from the Mediterranean to southern Portugal and further in the NE Atlantic.  
Taxonomic remark This is the brown rayed Mactra from the Mediterranean to southern Portugal and further in the NE Atlantic. [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140299 on 2024-05-28
Date
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2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Mactra cinerea Montagu, 1808) Montagu, G. (1808). Supplement to Testacea Britannica with Additional Plates. Woolmer, Exeter. v + 183 pp., pl. 17-30. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/61685744 [details]   

original description  (of Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 681 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Mactra fasciata Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 475 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra inflata Bronn, 1831) Bronn, H. G. (1831). Italiens Tertiär-Gebilde und deren organische Einschlüsse. Karl Groos, Heidelberg, xii + 176 pp., 1 pl., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39170083
page(s): 89. [details]   

original description  (of Mactra rufa Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 478 [details]   

original description  (of Trigonella radiata da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, E. M. (1778). <i>Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology</i>; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois. i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
page(s): 196-197; pl. 12 fig. 3 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Mactra intermedia Aradas, 1847) Aradas A. (1847). Descrizione delle conchiglie fossili di Gravitelli presso Messina. <i>Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali (2) 4</i>: 57-88, available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7997915
page(s): 245-246; pl. 2 fig. 9 a,b [details]   

original description  (of Mactra corallina var. trigona Pallary, 1938) Pallary, P. (1938). Les Mollusques marins de la Syrie. <em>Journal de Conchyliologie.</em> 82(1): 5-58, pls 1-2., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k55670854/f8.image
page(s): 55 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra corallina var. grangeri Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy, E.; Dautzenberg, P.; Dollfus, G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils; 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, 1891; pp. 221-320, pl. 38-51, 1892; pp. 321-450, pl. 52-67, 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, 1896; pp. 621-884, pl. 89-99, 1898]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/58552309
page(s): 558 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra corallina var. atlantica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy, E.; Dautzenberg, P.; Dollfus, G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils; 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, 1891; pp. 221-320, pl. 38-51, 1892; pp. 321-450, pl. 52-67, 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, 1896; pp. 621-884, pl. 89-99, 1898]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/58552309
page(s): 557 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra corallina var. oceanica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy, E.; Dautzenberg, P.; Dollfus, G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils; 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, 1891; pp. 221-320, pl. 38-51, 1892; pp. 321-450, pl. 52-67, 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, 1896; pp. 621-884, pl. 89-99, 1898]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/58552309
page(s): 554 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra paulucci Aradas & Benoit, 1871) Aradas, A. & Benoit, L. (1871). Nota sopra una nuova specie malacologica del genere <i>Mactra</i> di Linneo. <em>Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali.</em> (3) 5: 81-84., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31449301 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra corallina var. lignaria Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy, E.; Dautzenberg, P.; Dollfus, G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils; 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, 1891; pp. 221-320, pl. 38-51, 1892; pp. 321-450, pl. 52-67, 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, 1896; pp. 621-884, pl. 89-99, 1898]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/58552309
page(s): 558 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

additional source Zamouri-Langar, N.; Chouba, L.; Ajjabi Chebil, L.; Mrabet, R.; El Abed, A. (2011). Les coquillages bivalves des côtes tunisiennes. Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer: Salammbô. ISBN 978-9938-9512-0-2. 128 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Rodríguez-Rúa, A.; Delgado, M.; Silva, L.; Román, S.; Cojan, M. (2022). First insights into population parameters and spatial distribution of the two morphotypes of <i>Mactra stultorum</i> (brownish and whitish) (Linnaeus, 1758) (Mollusca: Bivalvia) along the southwestern Spanish coast. <em>Marine Biology Research.</em> 18(1-2): 32-47., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2022.2064511 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Chetoui, I.; Telahigue, K.; Bejaoui, S.; Rabeh, I.; Ghribi, F.; Denis, F.; ElCafsi, M. (2018). Annual reproductive cycle and condition index of <i>Mactra corallina</i> (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from the north coast of Tunisia. <em>Invertebrate Reproduction & Development.</em> 63(1): 40-50., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/07924259.2018.1529636 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Huber M. (2015). <i>Compendium of Bivalves</i> 2. Harxheim: ConchBooks. 1-907, Excel listing of species.
page(s): 833. [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Authority Montagu treated in 1803 only M. stultorum and in 1808 he described a species M. cinerea that had a lot of resemblance with the first. Nowadays M. cinerea is treated as a subspecies of M. corallina according to Janssen et al. (1984). [details]

Authority Linnaeus, 1758 has descibed Cardium corallinumas well as Cardium stultorum , the first hails from the mediterranean, the second from West-Europe.
According to Lucas (1974a), Poutiers (1978), McKay & Smith (1979) and Van Aartsen et al. (1984) these two species are synonyms. When two synonyms are published simultanious than is "the relative priority determined by the action of the first reviser " according to ICZN art. 24.2. But in this case it is not easy to determine who is the first reviser. This and the discussion of Dodge (1952) in mind the species name Mactra corallina should be better. This name is first mentionned in Linnaeus' Systema Naturae, but ICZN does not recognize page priority. [details]

Taxonomic remark This is the brown rayed Mactra from the Mediterranean to southern Portugal and further in the NE Atlantic. [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
Catalan ou  [details]
Danish tykskallet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch strandschelp [from synonym]grote strandschelp  [details]
English white trough shellwhite trough clamrayed trough shellrayed trough clam  [details]
French mactre corallinegrande mactre  [details]
German Weiße TrogmuschelStrahlenkörbchenGemeine Trogmuschelbunte Trogmuschel  [details]
Italian madia comune  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Μικρή γυαλιστερή  [details]