WoRMS source details

Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563.
6130
Publication
This paper is a composition of the echinodermal fauna collected in the region of Zanzibar (defined at first page). The literature of the authors, the collectors, the find-spots and publications about the species are given.
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinometra fimbriata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapillaster multiradiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinometra solaris (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComatula (Comatula) solaris Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinopyga mauritiana (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinopyga miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus (Lymanella) hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropsis carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrissus carinatus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyrtechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDichrometra flagellata (Müller, 1841) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDorocidaris canaliculatus (A. Agassiz, 1863) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrocidaris canaliculata (A. Agassiz, 1863) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinobryssus recens (Milne Edwards, 1836) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApatopygus recens (Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium australe Gray, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra oblonga (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix turcarum Peters, 1853 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuapta godeffroyi (Semper, 1868) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnasteria Gray, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropsis Müller & Troschel, 1840 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalodeima edulis (Lesson) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) edulis Lesson, 1830 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) signata Ludwig, 1875 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Microthele) aethiops Brandt, 1835 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) pulla Selenka, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Platyperona) parvula (Selenka, 1867) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Selenkothuria) lubrica Selenka, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria maxima Delle Chiaje, 1823 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Holothuria) tubulosa Gmelin, 1791 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia guildingi Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix hirsuta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetalia maculosa (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuelleria maculata (Brandt) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Microthele) whitmaei Bell, 1887 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiarachnella septemspinosa (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis annulosa (de Blainville, 1834) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrcula cucumiformis Semper, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatinapta crosslandi Heding, 1929 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatinapta crosslandii Heding, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeronella rostrata (L. Agassiz, 1841) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeronella lesueuri rostrata (L. Agassiz, 1841) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlococidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster nodosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocucumis africana (Semper) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis sulcata L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis sphaeroides (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynapta beselii Jaeger, 1833 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynapta maculata (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone sacellus (Selenka) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThyone buccalis Stimpson, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStolus buccalis (Stimpson, 1855) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropiometra carinata (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetalia sternalis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aldabra for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Ambon for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Comores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrocyphus maculatus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Comores for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon flagellata (Müller, 1841) 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus biforis (Gmelin, 1778) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinometra fimbriata (Lamarck, 1816)  (doubtful)
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon carinata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinobryssus recens (Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus biforis (Gmelin, 1778) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758)  (inaccurate)
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiocidaris imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuelleria miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParasalenia gratiosa A. Agassiz, 1863 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mascarene Basin for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocucumis africana (Semper) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura hastata (Ljungman, 1867) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita coriacea Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita pentangularis Gray, 1847  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana var. africana Döderlein, 1896 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium australe Gray, 1851 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758)  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix turcarum Peters, 1853 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnasteria carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Microthele) aethiops Brandt, 1835  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Psolus) monacaria Lesson, 1830 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria maxima Delle Chiaje, 1823 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiaster glaber Peters, 1852 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetalia maculosa (Gmelin, 1791) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuelleria mauritiana (Quoy & Gaimard) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuelleria miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNardoa variolata (Retzius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiarthrum elegans Peters, 1851 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis annulosa (de Blainville, 1834) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplocus imbricata (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPectinura gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceros tuberculatus Sladen, 1889 † 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocucumis africana (Semper) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsolidium ornatum (Perrier, 1893) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Selenka is the original author in Vaney (1905). Theel as author in Kalk (1958) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Ranges eastward up to Japan (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed around Japan. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed around Amboia (Indonesia) and around Archipelago of Mergui (Burma) (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed around Indonesia; Celebes (Selenka, 1867). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in whole the Pacific and the Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Florida (Selenka, 1867) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in east coast of India, Bonin, Aru, Tonga, New Caledonie and Australia (Lambert, 1923). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). From the Celebes in Selenka (1867). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Südsee, Sandwich Is. And Java (Selenka, 1867); Hong Kong and Pacific Islands (Pearson, 1910); ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Singapore and the Pelew Islands (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Guam (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also known in Australia (Lampert, 1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Cosmopolitan by Ludwig (1899). Also recorded from Acapulpo (Selenka, 1867) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution also eastwards in the Indian Ocean to the Phillippines. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Fiji Is. (Pearson, 1910). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) 147, paratype Museum of ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Actinometra solaris var. albonotata Bell, 1884 has Albany Island as type locality (A.H. Clark, 1908). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Can't be a valid species: genus name has been abolished by Pearson (1914). Can't trace specific epitheton to either ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Genus Pseudocucumis not valid anymore. Pseudocucumis africana Semper is treated as a synonym of Cucumaria africana ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In subgenus (Psammechinus). Holotype Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark). Type ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus: (Chondrocloea) Oestergren. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In subgenus: (Hipponoë) in Ludwig (1899). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Quoy & Gaim as authors in Lampert (1896). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Quoy & Gaimard are the original authors in Pearson (1910). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Status unclear: A.M. Clark (1968) refers 'the remaining species which have been referred to Pectinura' to ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Subgenus: (Euapta[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Subgenus: (Synapta) Oestergren. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntipes Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 722 (12 specimens), ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Muelleria Jaeger, 1833 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

L. dubiaBrandt and L. fustigera A. Agassiz treated as a synonym of L. Imperialis (Ludwig, 1899). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Listed in the citations as E. Desorii [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) cites Koehler in that H. leucospilota is probably a synonym of H. vagabunda[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) treats H. parva as a synonym of H. lubrica. Type species of the Subgenus (Selenkothuria) Deichmann, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Ludwig treats Holothuria pulla Selenka as a synonym of Holothuria aethiops[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Needs confirmation!! Possibly a misidentification by Bell 1909 <495>. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Needs confirmation. Clark says: '… there are none in the MCZ which can properly be called serpentina so I am ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Or misidentification by Ludwig 1899? Jangoux did not see Decary's 1924 paper. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Pearson (1914) combines the genera Muelleria and Holothuria under the latter name, and divided the old genus ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

See note on M. mauritiana [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Status of Pectinura not clear, possibly type species (only known from the holotype from the Meditteranean) only species. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Flores, Amboina. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Red Sea (Tortonese, 1949). [details]