WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835)

210881 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:210881)
accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Echinodermata ordo Holothurina. In: Prodromus Descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in Orbis Terrarum Circumnavigatione Observatorum. Fasc. I: 75 pps. Petropoli. pp. 42-62., available online at https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=9-KK6BsniXcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Prodromus+descriptionis+animalium&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizw_SfnKHVAhVIwbwKHafKCwYQ6AEILTAB#v=onepage&q=Prodromus%20descriptionis%20animalium&f=false [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: deep charcoal-grey over all...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: deep charcoal-grey over all surfaces only relieved on the sole by pale grey tube feet (Humphreys, 1981). Colour brigth brown, uniform or rather darker on back, many white blotches, much larger and defined on back, where they are smaller towards the anterior end. Mouth inferior. Podia scattered on the whole body, scarcer on the back. Spicules: (a) tables with smooth or slightly sinuous edge and a variable number of holes (about 12; often four small marginal holes alternate with four much larger holes); spire large, with quadrangular end having a wide central hole and peripheral spines; (b) oblong buttons with 3-4 pairs of holes, central one larger; often irregular; (c) perforated disc at the summit of each podium; (d) large plates in the podia, perforated and irregular; (e) very small deposits (rings, C, hooks...) in the muscles under the skin (Tortonese, 1980).
Also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); India (Sastry, 1996).
General distribution: from the Red Sea to Hawaii, eastern Pacific (Is. Clarion, Socorro, Galapagos) (Tortonese, 1980); widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific (Kalk (1958) and Conand (1998)); tropical, Indo-Malayan Region, Pacific Ocean, E Africa, depth range 0-10 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Paulay, G. (2010). Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=210881 on 2017-11-25

Date
action
by
1997-02-22 11:53:36Z
created
2000-09-22 07:17:05Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2007-07-03 13:16:59Z
changed
2010-10-14 14:30:08Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867) Selenka, E. (1867). Beitrage zur Anatomie und Systematik der Holothurien. Der Philosophischen Facultat zu Gottingen in December 1866, als Dissertation vorgelegt.: pp. 291-374. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Echinodermata ordo Holothurina. In: Prodromus Descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in Orbis Terrarum Circumnavigatione Observatorum. Fasc. I: 75 pps. Petropoli. pp. 42-62., available online at https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=9-KK6BsniXcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Prodromus+descriptionis+animalium&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizw_SfnKHVAhVIwbwKHafKCwYQ6AEILTAB#v=onepage&q=Prodromus%20descriptionis%20animalium&f=false [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria homoea Clark, 1938) Clark, H. L. (1938). Echinoderms from Australia, an account of collections made in 1929 and 1932. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 55: 1-597 (28 plates)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/25703#page/11/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalodeima dicorona Heding, 1934) Heding, S. (1934). On some Holothurians from Hong Kong. Hong Kong Nat. Suppl. 3: pp. 15-25. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria gelatinosa Heding, 1939) Heding, S. G. (1939). The Holothurians collected during the cruises of the M/S Monsunen in the tropical Pacific in 1934. Vidensk. Medd. naturh. Foren. Kjob 102: pp. 213-222. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lamperti Ludwig, 1887) Ludwig, H. (1886). Die von G. Chierchia auf der Fahrt der Kgl. Ital. Corvette Vittor Pisani gesammelten Holothurien. Zool. JB. ii: pp. 1-36. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria oxurropa Sluiter, 1887) Sluiter CP. 1887. Die Evertebraten aus der Sammlung des Königlichen Naturwissenschaftlicher Vereins in Niederländisch Indien in Batavia. Die Echinodermen. 1. Holothuroidea. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië. 47, 8e Serie. 8: 181-220, 2 pls. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria infesta Sluiter, 1901) Sluiter, C. P. (1901). Die Holothurien der Siboga-Expedition. Monogr. xliv. Uitkomst. H. M. Siboga...uitgegeven Max Weber. Die Holothurien der Siboga-Expedition. Monogr. xliv. Uitkomst. H. M. Siboga...uitgegeven Max Weber.: 142 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.85348 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880) Haacke, W. (1880). Holothurien. In: Beitrage zur Meeresfauna der Inseln Mauritsius und der Seychellen bearbeit von K. Moebius, F. Richters und von Mertens nach Sammlungen angelegt auf einer reise nach Mauritsius von Moebius. Berlin. [details]   

basis of record Rowe, F.W.E. (1969). A review of the family Holothuriidae (Holothurioidea: Aspidochirotida). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) (Zool.) 18(4): 119-170 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Tortonese, E. (1980). Researches on the coast of Somalia. Littoral Echinodermata. Monitore zoologico italiano NS Supplemento XIII 5: 99-139. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835) Deichmann, E. (1948). The Holothurian fauna of South Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 11 (2): 325-376 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835) Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880) Deichmann, E. (1948). The Holothurian fauna of South Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 11 (2): 325-376 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880) Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867) Deichmann, E. (1948). The Holothurian fauna of South Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 11 (2): 325-376 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867) Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880) Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Kei LWK. & Lau SCK. (1994). Baseline information survey of shelter island - a potential marine park. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture and Fisheries Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: deep charcoal-grey over all surfaces only relieved on the sole by pale grey tube feet (Humphreys, 1981). Colour brigth brown, uniform or rather darker on back, many white blotches, much larger and defined on back, where they are smaller towards the anterior end. Mouth inferior. Podia scattered on the whole body, scarcer on the back. Spicules: (a) tables with smooth or slightly sinuous edge and a variable number of holes (about 12; often four small marginal holes alternate with four much larger holes); spire large, with quadrangular end having a wide central hole and peripheral spines; (b) oblong buttons with 3-4 pairs of holes, central one larger; often irregular; (c) perforated disc at the summit of each podium; (d) large plates in the podia, perforated and irregular; (e) very small deposits (rings, C, hooks...) in the muscles under the skin (Tortonese, 1980).
Also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); India (Sastry, 1996).
General distribution: from the Red Sea to Hawaii, eastern Pacific (Is. Clarion, Socorro, Galapagos) (Tortonese, 1980); widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific (Kalk (1958) and Conand (1998)); tropical, Indo-Malayan Region, Pacific Ocean, E Africa, depth range 0-10 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Stichopus leucospilota is type species of the Subgenus: (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. Type locality: Ualan, Marshall Islands. Rowe (1969) places H. lamperti Ludwig, 1886 and H. oxurropa and H. infesta and H. fusco-rubra and H. homoea and H. gelatinosa Heding, 1939 and H. lubrica as a synonym of H. (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota.
In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria). Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: 'in lagunis insulae Valan' Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus affinis Ho, 1982 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus idoneus (Humes & Cressey, 1961) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus pectinis Ho & Kim I.H., 1990 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus pectinis Ho & Kim I.H., 1990 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorニセクロナマコ  [details]