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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
AphiaID: 210881

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidochirotida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuriidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) (Subgenus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalodeima dicorona Heding, 1934
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) dicorona (Heding, 1934)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria gelatinosa Heding, 1939
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria homoea Clark, 1938
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria infesta Sluiter, 1901
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lagoena Haacke, 1880
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria lamperti Ludwig, 1887
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria oxurropa Sluiter, 1887
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria vagabunda Selenka, 1867
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt, 1835 (generic reassignment)
Sources  basis of record Rowe, F.W.E. (1969). A review of the family Holothuriidae (Holothurioidea: Aspidochirotida). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) (Zool.) 18(4): 119-170 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Comores
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorComores [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenyan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMascarene Basin [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus pectinis Ho & Kim I.H., 1990 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus affinis Ho, 1982 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus pectinis Ho & Kim I.H., 1990 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScambicornus idoneus (Humes & Cressey, 1961) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: deep charcoal-grey over all surfaces only relieved on the sole by pale grey tube feet (Humphreys, 1981). Colour brigth brown, uniform or rather darker on back, many white blotches, much larger and defined on back, where they are smaller towards the anterior end. Mouth inferior. Podia scattered on the whole body, scarcer on the back. Spicules: (a) tables with smooth or slightly sinuous edge and a variable number of holes (about 12; often four small marginal holes alternate with four much larger holes); spire large, with quadrangular end having a wide central hole and peripheral spines; (b) oblong buttons with 3-4 pairs of holes, central one larger; often irregular; (c) perforated disc at the summit of each podium; (d) large plates in the podia, perforated and irregular; (e) very small deposits (rings, C, hooks...) in the muscles under the skin (Tortonese, 1980).
Also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); India (Sastry, 1996).
General distribution: from the Red Sea to Hawaii, eastern Pacific (Is. Clarion, Socorro, Galapagos) (Tortonese, 1980); widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific (Kalk (1958) and Conand (1998)); tropical, Indo-Malayan Region, Pacific Ocean, E Africa, depth range 0-10 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Stichopus leucospilota is type species of the Subgenus: (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. Type locality: Ualan, Marshall Islands. Rowe (1969) places H. lamperti Ludwig, 1886 and H. oxurropa and H. infesta and H. fusco-rubra and H. homoea and H. gelatinosa Heding, 1939 and H. lubrica as a synonym of H. (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota.
In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria). Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: 'in lagunis insulae Valan' Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:210881
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-22 11:53:36Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-22 07:17:05Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2007-07-03 13:16:59Z  changed  Appeltans, Ward
2010-10-14 14:30:08Z  checked  Paulay, Gustav
  
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  Citation: Paulay, G. (2014). Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=210881 on 2014-10-30
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