WoRMS taxon details

Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816)

212378  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212378)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofOphiura scolopendrina Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. de. (1816). Ordre Second. Radiaires Échinodermes. <em>Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres.</em> 2, 522-568., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698#page/532/mode/1up [details]   
Type locality contained in Mauritius  
type locality contained in Mauritius [details]
Taxonomy Type data: status undetermined Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: 'Isle de France...  
Taxonomy Type data: status undetermined Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: 'Isle de France [Mauritius](Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. O. erinaceus Müller & Troschel and O. alternans von Martens were also treated as a synonym of O. scolopendrina in Ludwig (1899), but that has long been disproven.
Neotype designated in 2012 from type locality (Olbers & Samyn 2012) [details]

Description Colour in life: very varied, dorsal disc uniformly black to pale brown to black variegated pattern, dorsal arm plates brown...  
Description Colour in life: very varied, dorsal disc uniformly black to pale brown to black variegated pattern, dorsal arm plates brown or paler brown regions several segments wide (Humphreys, 1981), ventral disc is light coloured or variegated, never uniformly dark.
Description: arm length to 13 cm, disc diameter to 20 mm. Disc surface with fine rounded granules, extending into a V-shaped interradial area orally. Aboral arm plates broader than long, narrower on one side. Arm spines alternating three and four, stout, uppe ones shorter and club-shaped. Arms irregularly banded, conspicuously extended by otherwise hidden animals to collect food particles from the water surface on flooding tides. Habitat: upper and middle eulittoral, in crevices and under boulders.
Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Tuamotus, Fiji, Guam, Saipan, Solomon Islands, New Guinea (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Japan (Tortonese, 1949); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: from the Red Sea to SE Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); WIO, Red Sea to W Pacific (Richmond, 1998); littoral waters, tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands in Sastry (1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2018). World Ophiuroidea database. Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212378 on 2018-11-15
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-20 08:24:09Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z
checked
2007-12-05 08:40:02Z
changed

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original description  (ofOphiocoma variabilis Grube, 1857) Grube, E. (1857). Beschreibungen neuer oder weniger bekannter Seesterne und Seeigel. 27: 1-50., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43119#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofOphiura scolopendrina Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. de. (1816). Ordre Second. Radiaires Échinodermes. <em>Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres.</em> 2, 522-568., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698#page/532/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofOphiocoma molaris Lyman, 1861) Lyman, T. (1861). Descriptions of new Ophiuridae. <em>Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist.</em> 8, 75-86.
page(s): 79 [details]   

original description  (ofOphiocoma alternans von Martens, 1870) Martens, E. v. (1870). Die Ophiuriden des indischen Oceans. <em>Arch. für Naturgeschichte.</em> 36: 244-262. [details]   

original description  (ofOphiocoma lubrica Koehler, 1898) Koehler, R. (1898). Echinoides et Ophiures provenant des campagnes du yacht l'Hirondelle (Golfe de Gascogne, Acores, Terre-Nueve). <em>Résultats des Campagnes scientifiques par Prince Albert I, Monaco.</em> 12, 1-78, 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18768#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. <em>Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History).</em> London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.) [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Meric, E.; Verlaque, M.; Galli, P.; Boudouresque, C.; Giangrande, A.; Cinar, M.; Bilecenoglu, M. (2008). Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 9(1): 119-165., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Type data: status undetermined Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: 'Isle de France [Mauritius](Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. O. erinaceus Müller & Troschel and O. alternans von Martens were also treated as a synonym of O. scolopendrina in Ludwig (1899), but that has long been disproven.
Neotype designated in 2012 from type locality (Olbers & Samyn 2012) [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal in Libyan part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Description Colour in life: very varied, dorsal disc uniformly black to pale brown to black variegated pattern, dorsal arm plates brown or paler brown regions several segments wide (Humphreys, 1981), ventral disc is light coloured or variegated, never uniformly dark.
Description: arm length to 13 cm, disc diameter to 20 mm. Disc surface with fine rounded granules, extending into a V-shaped interradial area orally. Aboral arm plates broader than long, narrower on one side. Arm spines alternating three and four, stout, uppe ones shorter and club-shaped. Arms irregularly banded, conspicuously extended by otherwise hidden animals to collect food particles from the water surface on flooding tides. Habitat: upper and middle eulittoral, in crevices and under boulders.
Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Tuamotus, Fiji, Guam, Saipan, Solomon Islands, New Guinea (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Japan (Tortonese, 1949); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: from the Red Sea to SE Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); WIO, Red Sea to W Pacific (Richmond, 1998); littoral waters, tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands in Sastry (1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Japanese ウデフリクモヒトデ  [details]