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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 212453

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuechinoidea (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarinacea (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinacea (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCamarodonta (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinidea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontophora (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxopneustidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes L. Agassiz, 1841b
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris angulosa Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris variegata Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus (Tripneustes) sardica auct. (misidentification)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758 (transferred to Tripneustes)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus inflatus Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus peronii Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus variegatus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvechinus australiae Tenison-Woods, 1878 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe nigricans A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe sardica (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe variegata (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe variegata var. alba Tenison-Woods, 1883 (based on an albino specimen of Tripneustes gratilla)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe violacea A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778) (misspelling for Tripneustes variegata)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734) (pre-Linnean)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes angulosus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes bicolor Perrier, 1869 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes fuscus Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes grabella (misspelling ?)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes lorioli Lambert & Thiéry, 1914 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes pentagonus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes sardicus L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes subcaeruleus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes variegatus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes zigzag Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
Sources  basis of record Clark, A.M. and F.W.E. Rowe. (1971). Monograph of Shallow-water Indo-West Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History): London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParson's hat sea urchinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcollector urchinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBischofsmützenseeigel  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPfaffenhut-SeeigelChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGift-Seeigel  [details]
Direct child
taxa (3)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla elatensis Dafni, 1983
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla eilatensis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla elatensis Dafni, 1983
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Egypt
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDahab [details]
Red Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarsa Shagra [details]
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKisite Marine National Park [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMascarene Basin [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWatamu [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMombasa [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCape Howe [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNortheastern New Zealand [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth New Zealand [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Host of  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustis gratilla SURL virus (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMecomerinx sewellana Humes, 1977 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSenariellus latiseta Humes, 1977 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (14 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (50 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (220 nucleotides; 222 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: spines white, surface dark brown in ambulacral and interambulacral areas except along rows of tube feet where it appears mid brown. Primary spines normally inclined radially towards adjacent ambulacrum leaving clear test surface over most inter-ambulacrum giving the general appearance of a pentaradiate brown cross (Humphreys, 1981). Habitat: algae (Tortonese, 1951).
Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan, Okinawa, Solomon Islands, Seleo Island, Netherlands New Guinea, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Hasikaya Island (Kuria Muria Islands) (Herring, 1972); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); India (Lakshadweep, Tamilnadu, Andaman and Nicobar Is.)(Sastry, 1996).
; East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Indian Ocean (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
In family 'Echinidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212453
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:47:00Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
  
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  Citation: Kroh, A. (2014). Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212453 on 2014-12-21
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License