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NameClark, A.M. and J. Courtman-Stock. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
Type Publication
AbstractThis is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
Geographical
term
South Africa
Bibliographical
terms
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
terms
Asteroidea
Crinoidea
Echinodermata
Echinoidea
Holothuroidea
Ophiuroidea
Taxa
(237)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) atlantica Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura incana Lyman, 1879 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) incana Lyman, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) linearis Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) uncinata Koehler, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnametra occidentalis (AH Clark, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda Nardo, 1834 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon magnicirra Bell, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntedon sclateri Bell, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidodiadema africanum Mortensen, 1939 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias capensis Perrier, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias euryale Retzius, 1783 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias exigua Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias mammillata Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias savignyi Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias schmideliana Retzius, 1805 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteroschema capensis Mortensen, 1925 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nigra Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus africanus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus euryale (Retzius, 1783) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrocladus hirtus Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrodendrum capensis (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrophyton nudum Lyman, 1874 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrothorax papillata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrothorax waitei (Benham, 1909) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisaster capensis (Studer, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaenopedina capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarpopeltis maillardii (Montagne & Millardet) Chiang, 1970 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatopygus loveni Studer, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropholampas loveni (Studer, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetodiadema africanum H.L. Clark, 1924 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris radiata Leske, 1778 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris toreumatica Klein, 1734 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTemnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidarites pistillaris Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster eurychorius H.L. Clark, 1924 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus floridianus A. Agassiz, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus floridanus A. Agassiz, 1872 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus interruptus Döderlein, 1910 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComatella africana Gislén, 1938 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComasteridae incertae sedis africana (Gislén, 1938) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCominia occidentalis AH Clark, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnametra occidentalis (AH Clark, 1915) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrotalometra magnicirra (Bell, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptopelta aster (Lyman, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDecametra durbanensis AM Clark, 1951 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura (Dictenophiura) anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster ornatus Perrier, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus elegans Mazzetti, 1893 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinolampas crassa (Bell, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus hirsuta Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus horridus A. Agassiz, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus lacunosus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchizaster lacunosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mathaei Blainville, 1825 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus molaris Blainville, 1825 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pileolus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus variolaris Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEllipsechinus lukunter (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEmbryometra mortenseni Gislén, 1938 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudiocrinus Carpenter, 1882 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudiocrinus varians Carpenter, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentametrocrinus varians (Carpenter, 1882) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEudiocrinus varians Carpenter, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentametrocrinus varians (Carpenter, 1882) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurypatagus parvituberculatus (H.L. Clark, 1924) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEustolasterias stenactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGislenometra perplexa AH Clark, 1947 (basis of record)

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Distributions
(414)
Agulhas Bank for Coelopleurus interruptus Döderlein, 1910
Agulhas Bank for Ophiochasma nitida Hertz, 1927
Agulhas Bank for Ophioscolex dentatus Lyman, 1878
Agulhas Bank for Ophiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878
Agulhas Bank for Pseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923
Agulhas Bank for Salenia phoinissa A. Agassiz & H.L. Clark, 1908
Algoa Bay for Spoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiomyxa bengalensis Koehler, 1897
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinus variolaris Lamarck, 1816
Baie de l'Observatoire for Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876
Cape Natal for Anseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905)
Cape of Good Hope for Brisaster capensis (Studer, 1880)
Cape of Good Hope for Henricia ornata (Perrier, 1869)
Cape of Good Hope for Pteraster capensis Gray, 1847
Cape of Good Hope for Tropholampas loveni (Studer, 1880)
Cape Point for Amphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933
Cape Point for Caenopedina capensis H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Ceramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Cladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Hymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Seal for Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904
Cape Town for Dipsacaster sladeni capensis A.M. Clark, 1952
Cape Town for Embryometra mortenseni Gislén, 1938
Cargados Carajos for Oligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911
Durban for Amphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Asteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Asterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Chaetodiadema africanum H.L. Clark, 1924
Durban for Clypeaster eurychorius H.L. Clark, 1924
Durban for Comatella africana Gislén, 1938
Durban for Decametra durbanensis AM Clark, 1951
Durban for Eurypatagus parvituberculatus (H.L. Clark, 1924)
Durban for Kionocidaris striata Mortensen, 1932
Durban for Ophiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Ophiomitrella hamata Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Ophioscolex inermis Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Ophiura costata tumida Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Sclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926)
Durban for Stegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926
East London for Anseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923
East London for Antedon sclateri Bell, 1905
East London for Aspidodiadema africanum Mortensen, 1939
East London for Gislenometra perplexa AH Clark, 1947
East London for Glyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905)
East London for Ophiomyxa tenuispina Mortensen, 1933
East London for Ophioplinthaca sexradia Mortensen, 1933
East London for Stereocidaris excavata Mortensen, 1932
East Timorian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904
Eastern Cape, Province of the for Ophiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Annametra occidentalis (AH Clark, 1915)
False Bay for Brissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907
False Bay for Cosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889)
False Bay for Dictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Henricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976
False Bay for Mediaster capensis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Ophiura affinis simulans (Mortensen, 1936)
False Bay for Patiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933)
Gulf of Aden for Tropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936
Java Sea for Amphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904
Kaap Infante  for Chondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923
Kenya for Sperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901
Kenyan Exclusive Economic Zone for Sperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901
Kepulauan Paternoster for Ophiogymna fulgens (Koehler, 1905)
Kerguelen Islands for Luidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884
Kermadec Islands for Orechinus monolini (A. Agassiz, 1879)
Knysna for Lamprechinus nitidus Döderlein, 1905
Knysna for Polyechinus agulhensis (Döderlein, 1905)
Knysna for Stereocidaris capensis Döderlein, 1901
KwaZulu-Natal for Astroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933
Lambert's Bay for Anseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933
Madagascar for Astrophiura permira Sladen, 1879
Mauritius for Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840)
Mauritius for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1829)
Mauritius for Dichrometra afra AH Clark, 1912
Mauritius for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825)
Mauritius for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816)
Morgan for Mithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935
Moroccan Exclusive Economic Zone for Henricia abyssalis Mortensen, 1933
Mozambique for Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mozambique for Amphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904)
Mozambique for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927
Mozambique for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867)
Mozambique for Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867
Mozambique for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957
Mozambique for Archaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847)
Mozambique for Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874)
Mozambique for Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926
Mozambique for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913
Mozambique for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778)
Mozambique for Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862)
Mozambique for Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841)
Mozambique for Culcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805)

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