WoRMS source details

Tortonese, E. (1980). Researches on the coast of Somalia. Littoral Echinodermata. Monitore zoologico italiano NS Supplemento XIII 5: 99-139.
5951
Publication
As a contribution to the study of the marine fauna of Somalia, which is still poorly known, 59 species of littoral Echinoderms are reported. They were recently collected in four localities (Mogadiscio, Gesira, Sar uanle, Bender Mtoni), in different ecological situations. Two species of Ophiuroids (Amphioplus somaliensis and A. minutus) are described as new. Several others of each class require comments on their variability, taxonomy and distribution.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) 
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Platyperona) strigosa Selenka, 1867 
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
Madagascar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinopyga mauritiana (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus minutus Tortonese, 1980 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus somaliensis Tortonese, 1980 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCommissia hartmeyeri AH Clark, 1912 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuretaster cribrosus (von Martens, 1867) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFromia milleporella (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Platyperona) strigosa Selenka, 1867 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Selenkothuria) erinacea Semper, 1868 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Selenkothuria) parva Krauss in Lampert, 1885 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Stauropora) pervicax Selenka, 1867 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Thymiosycia) arenicola Semper, 1868 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLabidodemas rugosum (Ludwig, 1875) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia guildingi Gray, 1840 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix hirsuta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrocyphus rousseaui L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNardoa variolata (Retzius, 1805) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza spinosa (Ljungman, 1867) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioplocus imbricata (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix nereidina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835)  (inaccurate)
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Appearance in life: shaggy tentacles white in reflected light and pale blue in transmitted colour of ventral and ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Colour in life: brown with small white spots dorsally, or a few pale blotches, sides becoming pale and sole milky ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Colour in life: deep charcoal-grey over all surfaces only relieved on the sole by pale grey tube feet (Humphreys, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Colour in life: pinkish blue overall (Humphreys, 1981). Colour brown, more or less dark and uniform; two specimens ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Colour in life: variable, grey, yellow beneath with orange apexed papillae covering surface, or grey-brown or ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Colour in life: when contracted is deep chocolate brown and creviced surface; crevices bordered with light grey border; ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description from the holotype: disc diameter 5 mm. Arm length about 6 times the disc diameter. Edge of the disc not ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description of the holotype: disc diameter 3,5 mm. Single complete arm about 5 times the disc diameter. Edge of the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: skin rather thin, clear yellow-brown. Podia yellow, ventrally arranged in three rows (the median ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

General distribution: from East Africa to Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, depth ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

General distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, South Arabia, Persian Gulf (Tortonese, 1980); SE Arabia and Persian ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

General distribution: Red Sea and East Africa (Tortonese, 1980). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

General distribution: almost circumtropical (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, circumtropical, depth range 0-30 m. (Rowe ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

General distribution: from the Red Sea to Hawaii (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Habitat: Found buried in sand in the upper balanoid zone, ususally associated with Patinapta crosslandi Heding and ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Sometimes accompanied by the polynoid polychaete, Gastrolepidia clavigera, which crawls over its host and matches ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

This species extends from the Red Sea and Madagascar to Hawaii and Easter Island, and from Japan to Northern ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Fistularia impatiens is original combination and type species of the Subgenus: (Thymiosycia). In Subgenus ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Stichopus leucospilota is type species of the Subgenus: (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. Type locality: Ualan, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In family Phyllophoridae in Tortonese (1980) and Clark & Rowe (1971). Syntypes Museum für Naturkunde an der ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In subgenus (Halodeima) Pearson, 1914. Type species of the Subgenus: (Halodeima) (Tortonese, 1980). Type data: ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958 in Tortonese (1980); in Subgenus (Stauropora) Rowe, 1969 in Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus (Thymiosycia) Pearson, 1914. Rowe (1969) treats H. monsuni Heding, 1939 as a synonym. Syntype in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus (Thymiosycia) Pearson, 1914. Holotype Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus Selenkothuria Deichmann, 1958 in Tortonese (1980). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

In Subgenus Semperothuria Deichmann, 1958. Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: 'inter ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Only known from the holotype type locality: Sar Uanle, Somalia (Tortonese, 1980). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Only known from the holotype (type locality: Gesira, Somalia) (Tortonese, 1980). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Sybtypes Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France) (3 specimens). Type locality: Mauritius, Indian ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

This is a very varied species, hence the number of synonyms. The variations lie not only in colouration and the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species of the Subgenus: (Metriatyla) Rowe, 1969. Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

L. rugosa in Clark & Taylor (1971). Holotype Zoologisches Museum für Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany) E.2625. Type ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type specimen

Type status and whereabouts undetermined.  [details]