WoRMS source details

Tortonese, E. (1980). Researches on the coast of Somalia. Littoral Echinodermata. Monitore zoologico italiano NS Supplemento XIII 5: 99-139.
5951
Publication
As a contribution to the study of the marine fauna of Somalia, which is still poorly known, 59 species of littoral Echinoderms are reported. They were recently collected in four localities (Mogadiscio, Gesira, Sar uanle, Bender Mtoni), in different ecological situations. Two species of Ophiuroids (Amphioplus somaliensis and A. minutus) are described as new. Several others of each class require comments on their variability, taxonomy and distribution.
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin

East Africa for Actinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) 
East Africa for Holothuria (Platyperona) strigosa Selenka, 1867 
East Africa for Monachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
East Africa for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
East Africa for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Madagascar for Monachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
Madagascar for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Mozambique for Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Mozambique for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Mozambique for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Red Sea for Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Red Sea for Macrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
Red Sea for Monachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
Red Sea for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Red Sea for Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Red Sea for Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Red Sea for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Somalia for Actinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833) 
Somalia for Actinopyga mauritiana (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
Somalia for Afrocucumis africana (Semper, 1867) 
Somalia for Amphioplus minutus Tortonese, 1980 
Somalia for Amphioplus somaliensis Tortonese, 1980 
Somalia for Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Somalia for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Somalia for Commissia hartmeyeri AH Clark, 1912 
Somalia for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Somalia for Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Somalia for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Somalia for Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Somalia for Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Somalia for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Euretaster cribrosus (von Martens, 1867) 
Somalia for Fromia milleporella (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Holothuria (Fistularia) hilla Lesson, 1830 
Somalia for Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 1833 
Somalia for Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Selenka, 1867 
Somalia for Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt, 1835) 
Somalia for Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833 
Somalia for Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis (Selenka, 1867) 
Somalia for Holothuria (Platyperona) strigosa Selenka, 1867 
Somalia for Holothuria (Selenkothuria) erinacea Semper, 1868 
Somalia for Holothuria (Selenkothuria) parva Krauss in Lampert, 1885 
Somalia for Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens (Brandt, 1835) 
Somalia for Holothuria (Stauropora) pervicax Selenka, 1867 
Somalia for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) arenicola Semper, 1868 
Somalia for Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens (Forsskål, 1775) 
Somalia for Labidodemas rugosum (Ludwig, 1875) 
Somalia for Laganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Somalia for Linckia guildingi Gray, 1840 
Somalia for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Macrophiothrix hirsuta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Macrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1861) 
Somalia for Microcyphus rousseaui L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Somalia for Monachaster sanderi (Meissner, 1892) 
Somalia for Nardoa variolata (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Somalia for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Ophiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Ophiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Somalia for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Somalia for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Somalia for Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
Somalia for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Somalia for Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 
Somalia for Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Somalia for Ophiopeza spinosa (Ljungman, 1867) 
Somalia for Ophioplocus imbricata (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Somalia for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Somalia for Ophiothrix nereidina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Somalia for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Somalia for Pentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) 
Somalia for Polycheira rufescens (Brandt, 1835)  (inaccurate)
Somalia for Protoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) 
Somalia for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Somalia for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Somalia for Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Tanzania for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
 Description

Appearance in life: shaggy tentacles white in reflected light and pale blue in transmitted colour of ventral and ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: brown with small white spots dorsally, or a few pale blotches, sides becoming pale and sole milky ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep charcoal-grey over all surfaces only relieved on the sole by pale grey tube feet (Humphreys, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: pinkish blue overall (Humphreys, 1981). Colour brown, more or less dark and uniform; two specimens ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: variable, grey, yellow beneath with orange apexed papillae covering surface, or grey-brown or ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: when contracted is deep chocolate brown and creviced surface; crevices bordered with light grey border; ... [details]

 Description

Description from the holotype: disc diameter 5 mm. Arm length about 6 times the disc diameter. Edge of the disc not ... [details]

 Description

Description of the holotype: disc diameter 3,5 mm. Single complete arm about 5 times the disc diameter. Edge of the ... [details]

 Description

Description: skin rather thin, clear yellow-brown. Podia yellow, ventrally arranged in three rows (the median ... [details]

 Description

General distribution: from East Africa to Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, depth ... [details]

 Description

General distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, South Arabia, Persian Gulf (Tortonese, 1980); SE Arabia and Persian ... [details]

 Description

General distribution: Red Sea and East Africa (Tortonese, 1980). [details]

 Description

General distribution: almost circumtropical (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, circumtropical, depth range 0-30 m. (Rowe ... [details]

 Description

General distribution: from the Red Sea to Hawaii (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: Found buried in sand in the upper balanoid zone, ususally associated with Patinapta crosslandi Heding and ... [details]

 Description

Sometimes accompanied by the polynoid polychaete, Gastrolepidia clavigera, which crawls over its host and matches ... [details]

 Description

This species extends from the Red Sea and Madagascar to Hawaii and Easter Island, and from Japan to Northern ... [details]

 Remark

Fistularia impatiens is original combination and type species of the Subgenus: (Thymiosycia). In Subgenus ... [details]

 Remark

Stichopus leucospilota is type species of the Subgenus: (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. Type locality: Ualan, ... [details]

 Remark

In family Phyllophoridae in Tortonese (1980) and Clark & Rowe (1971). Syntypes Museum für Naturkunde an der ... [details]

 Remark

In subgenus (Halodeima) Pearson, 1914. Type species of the Subgenus: (Halodeima) (Tortonese, 1980). Type data: ... [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958 in Tortonese (1980); in Subgenus (Stauropora) Rowe, 1969 in Rowe & ... [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus (Thymiosycia) Pearson, 1914. Rowe (1969) treats H. monsuni Heding, 1939 as a synonym. Syntype in ... [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus (Thymiosycia) Pearson, 1914. Holotype Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type ... [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus Selenkothuria Deichmann, 1958 in Tortonese (1980). [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus Semperothuria Deichmann, 1958. Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: 'inter ... [details]

 Remark

Only known from the holotype type locality: Sar Uanle, Somalia (Tortonese, 1980). [details]

 Remark

Only known from the holotype (type locality: Gesira, Somalia) (Tortonese, 1980). [details]

 Remark

Sybtypes Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France) (3 specimens). Type locality: Mauritius, Indian ... [details]

 Remark

This is a very varied species, hence the number of synonyms. The variations lie not only in colouration and the ... [details]

 Remark

Type species of the Subgenus: (Metriatyla) Rowe, 1969. Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type ... [details]

 Spelling

L. rugosa in Clark & Taylor (1971). Holotype Zoologisches Museum für Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany) E.2625. Type ... [details]

 Type specimen

Type status and whereabouts undetermined.  [details]