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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
AphiaID: 212371

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathophiurina (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocomidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocominae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma L. Agassiz, 1835
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma similanensis Bussarawit & Rowe, 1985 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma tartarea Lyman, 1862
Sources  original description Müller, J.H.; Troschel, F.H. 1842. System der Asteriden. , 1-134. Vieweg: Braunschweig [details]

status source Benavides-Serrato, M. & O'Hara, T.D. (2008). A new species in the Ophiocoma erinaceus complex from the South-west Pacific Ocean (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiocomidae). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 65: 51-56. [details]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Coral Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLifou [details]
From other sources
Comores
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorComores [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMascarene Basin [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [details]
Specimens  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype ZMB Ech 921, locality Red Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype ZMB Ech 922, locality Red Sea [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (56 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (70 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: all black, some with white trim to ventral arm plates, most with bright orange podia (Humphreys, 1981). Very common. Description: arm length to 12 cm, disc diameter to 20 mm. Distinctive uniformly black body with long, thick spines on arms, shorter towards the tips. Orange tube-feet. Disc scales covered by rounded granules, extending into a V-shaped interradial area on the ventral side of the disc. Aboral arm plates broader than long, narrower on one side. Arm spines alternating three and four for greater part of the arm length.
Habitat: sand and rubble in shallow areas and shallow sublittoral among coral; coral reef, beacon reef (Balinsky, 1957).
Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Tuamotus, Saipan (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippie, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: from the Red Sea to Hawaii and SE Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); WIO, Red Sea to W Pacific (Richmond, 1998); tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-27 m. (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands in Sastry (1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Treated as a synonym of O. scolopendrina (Lamarck) in Ludwig (1899) and by von Martens (1870) and by Marktanner-Turneretscher (1867) treated as a synonym of O. schoenleinii. Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced.
Type locality: 'Red Sea and Indian Ocean'. Syntypes (probable) Museum für Naturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Ophiocoma erinaceus
Ophiocoma erinaceus
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212371
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-11-23 12:44:38Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z  checked  Stöhr, Sabine
  
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  Citation: Stöhr, S. (2014). Ophiocoma erinaceus. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212371 on 2014-08-30
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