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Ophiuroidea source details

Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls.
5916
Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E.
1971
Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms
Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History)
London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls
Publication
Distribution tables and annotated keys to the shallow-water echinoderms of the Indo-West Pacific.
Indo West Pacific Region
Benthos
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Amphiodia dividua Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Amphiodia microplax Burfield, 1924 represented as Amphiodia (Amphispina) microplax Burfield, 1924 (basis of record)
Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Amphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) represented as Amphioplus (Lymanella) hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Amphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) represented as Amphioplus (Lymanella) hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Amphioplus laevis (Lyman, 1874) represented as Amphioplus (Lymanella) laevis (Lyman, 1874) (basis of record)
Amphioplus personatus (Koehler, 1905) represented as Amphioplus (Amphioplus) personatus (Koehler, 1905) (basis of record)
Amphioplus timsae Mortensen, 1926 (basis of record)
Amphiura (Amphiura) dejectoides H.L. Clark, 1939 (basis of record)
Amphiura africana J.B. Balinsky, 1957 represented as Amphiura (Fellaria) africana (J.B. Balinsky, 1957) (basis of record)
Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867 represented as Amphiura (Amphiura) candida Ljungman, 1867 (basis of record)
Astroboa clavata (Lyman, 1861) (basis of record)
Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) (basis of record)
Cryptopelta callista H.L. Clark, 1938 (basis of record)
Dougaloplus A.M. Clark, 1970 (basis of record)
Dougaloplus echinatus (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix hirsuta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix nereidina (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix propinqua (Lyman, 1861) (basis of record)
Macrophiothrix robillardi (de Loriol, 1893) (basis of record)
Ophiactis delagoa J.B. Balinsky, 1957 (basis of record)
Ophiactis hemiteles H.L. Clark, 1915 (basis of record)
Ophiactis lymani Ljungman, 1872 (additional source)
Ophiactis macrolepidota Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887 (basis of record)
Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (additional source)
Ophiarachna affinis Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiarachna incrassata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Ophiarachna robillardi de Loriol, 1893 (basis of record)
Ophiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiarachnella infernalis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiarachnella septemspinosa (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiarthrum elegans Peters, 1851 accepted as Ophiomastix elegans (Peters, 1851) (basis of record)
Ophiarthrum lymani de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Ophiomastix lymani (de Loriol, 1893) (basis of record)
Ophiochaeta hirsuta Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiocnemis marmorata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Ophiocnida echinata (Ljungman, 1867) accepted as Dougaloplus echinatus (Ljungman, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Ophiocnida sexradia Duncan, 1887 accepted as Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) (source of synonymy)
Ophiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 accepted as Breviturma brevipes (Peters, 1851) (basis of record)
Ophiocoma dentata Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Breviturma dentata (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Ophiocoma parva H.L. Clark, 1915 accepted as Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) (source of synonymy)
Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Breviturma pica (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) accepted as Breviturma pusilla (Brock, 1888) (basis of record)
Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Ophiocomella valenciae (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiocoma wendti Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Ophiocoma wendtii Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Ophiomastix wendtii (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) (basis of record)
Ophiodaphne scripta (Koehler, 1904) (basis of record)
Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 represented as Ophiolepis cincta cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 (basis of record)
Ophiolepis irregularis Brock, 1888 (basis of record)
Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 (basis of record)
Ophiomastix caryophyllata Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 (basis of record)
Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 (basis of record)
Ophiomaza cacaotica Lyman, 1871 (basis of record)
Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiomyxa brevispina v. Martens, 1870 accepted as Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 (source of synonymy)
Ophiomyxa longipeda Brock, 1888 (basis of record)
Ophiomyxa robillardi de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 (source of synonymy)
Ophionephthys africana Balinsky, 1957 accepted as Amphiura (Fellaria) africana (J.B. Balinsky, 1957) (new combination reference)
Ophionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923) (basis of record)
Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Ophionereis dubia dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 (basis of record)
Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 (basis of record)
Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) accepted as Ophiopeza spinosa (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Ophiopeza spinosa (Ljungman, 1867) (basis of record)
Ophiophragmus echinatus Ljungman, 1867 accepted as Dougaloplus echinatus (Ljungman, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Ophiopsammium semperi Lyman, 1874 (basis of record)
Ophiopsila pantherina Koehler, 1898 (basis of record)
Ophiopsila paucispina Koehler, 1907 (basis of record)
Ophiosphaera insignis Brock, 1888 (basis of record)
Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiothela tigris Lyman, 1871 (basis of record)
Ophiothela venusta (de Loriol, 1900) (basis of record)
Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 represented as Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 (basis of record)
Ophiothrix foveolata Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887 represented as Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) foveolata Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887 (basis of record)
Ophiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905 represented as Ophiothrix (Acanthophiothrix) proteus Koehler, 1905 (basis of record)
Ophiothrix purpurea von Martens, 1867 represented as Ophiothrix (Acanthophiothrix) purpurea von Martens, 1867 (basis of record)
Ophiothrix savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiothrix savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Ophiothrix scorpio (Müller & Troschel, 1842) represented as Ophiothrix (Acanthophiothrix) scorpio (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 represented as Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) trilineata Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiothrix tristis de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) trilineata Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Ophiothrix vitrea Döderlein, 1896 represented as Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) vitrea Döderlein, 1896 (basis of record)
Paracrocnida persica Mortensen, 1940 (basis of record)
Aldabra for Ophiochaeta hirsuta Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophiomastix caryophyllata Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Canonniers Point for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
East India for Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphioplus hastatus (Ljungman, 1867) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphiura africana J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Amphiura kalki Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astroboa clavata (Lyman, 1861) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Macrophiothrix hirsuta (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiactis carnea Ljungman, 1867 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiactis delagoa J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiactis hemiteles H.L. Clark, 1915  (doubtful)
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiactis parva Mortensen, 1926 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiactis versicolor H.L. Clark, 1939 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiarachna affinis Lütken, 1869 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiarachna incrassata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiarachna mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiarachnella infernalis (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiarachnella septemspinosa (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiarthrum elegans Peters, 1851 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocentrus dilatata (Koehler, 1905) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocnemis marmorata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocoma dentata Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocoma wendti Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophioconus permixta 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiomastix bispinosa H.L. Clark, 1917 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiomastix caryophyllata Lütken, 1869 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiomaza cacaotica Lyman, 1871 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophioplocus imbricata (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiopsila paucispina Koehler, 1907 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiosphaera insignis Brock, 1888 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothela beauforti (Engel, 1949) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothela tigris Lyman, 1871 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothrix foveolata Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothrix nereidina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothrix purpurea von Martens, 1867 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothrix savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Paracrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957) 
Ilha Querimba for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Indian Ocean for Asteroidea 
Inhaca Island for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Inhaca Island for Ophiactis delagoa J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Inhaca Island for Ophiothela beauforti (Engel, 1949) 
Inhaca Island for Paracrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957) 
Mascarene Basin for Amphiodia dividua Mortensen, 1933 
Mascarene Basin for Astroboa clavata (Lyman, 1861) 
Mascarene Basin for Cryptopelta callista H.L. Clark, 1938 
Mascarene Basin for Cryptopelta granulifera H.L. Clark, 1909 
Mascarene Basin for Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) 
Mascarene Basin for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Macrophiothrix robillardi (de Loriol, 1893) 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiactis versicolor H.L. Clark, 1939 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiarachna mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiarachna robillardi de Loriol, 1893 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiarachnella septemspinosa (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiarthrum lymani de Loriol, 1893 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiocoma dentata Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 
Mascarene Basin for Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mascarene Basin for Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 
Mascarene Basin for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933 
Mascarene Basin for Ophiopeza dubiosa (de Loriol, 1893) 
Holotype, geounit Egypt, identified as Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
 Authority

Authority given as '(Klein)' in Mortensen (1931) and as 'Agassiz' in Decary (1924). Type data: status and ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep brown above with deep red tips to spines, tube feet fawn (Humphreys, 1981). Associated with ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf. General distribution: tropical, western Indian Ocean, west Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 50 mm, disc diameter to 6 mm. Disc smooth, arms with three lateral spines at each ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. integer, but differs in arrangement of disc scales and shape of the arm plates. Richmond, ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. integer, but differs in arrangement of disc scales and shape of the arm plates. (Richmond, ... [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, west Pacific (also Red Sea), depth range 6-40 m. (Rowe & ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 27 mm, disc diameter to 3.5 mm. Disc and arms mottled grey, pale blue and cream. ... [details]

 Description

Disc covered by very fine scales. Radial shields three times as long as broad, distally contiguous. Oral shields ... [details]

 Description

Disc covered by fine imbricated scales, one slightly larger plate in each interradius dorsally. Radial shields ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal , East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep pink centre to disc grading through white to light purple arm tips (Humphreys, 1981). ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed around Philippine Islands (Clark & Rowe, 1971) to the South West of Japan (Rowe, 1977). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: pale grey with irregular brown markings, uniformly pale grey below. Some with commensal polynoid ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. nuda, but with thorny granules of varying size over the body and arms (Richmond 1997). Also ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 40 cm, disc diameter to 10 cm. Colour uniformly black. Habitat: coral reefs, usually ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia and Philippines (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Coulour in life: paxillae vary from cream through grey-green to brown, usually with darker patterning variable in ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: bold camouflage pattern in deep brown and beige, tube feet spread over surface give white dotted ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). Habitat: very shallow waters; coastal ... [details]

 Description

Littoral and down to 39 fathoms (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

 Description

Description: primary tubercles perforate and crenulate; ambulacra abruptly narrowing on oral side with spaced ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine ... [details]

 Description

Description: test flat, pentagonal, corners rounded, margin slightly thick; oral ambulacral furrows prominent up to ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, pakistan, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: black to deep purple-brown, peristome reddish-brown (Humphreys, 1981). Also recorded in Hawaiian ... [details]

 Description

According to Clark & Rowe (11971), known from Mauritius (and East Africa) and from temperate but not tropical ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: dark grey background with small irregular pink patches mostly adjacent to black tubercles, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Also recorded in Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan and Maldive area (Clark & Rowe (1971)); Maldives (Marshall & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981). One specimen ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: golden brown to dark brown with large irregular brown markings transversely on arms (Humphreys, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Description: test flat, slightly broader than long; peristome slightly anterior; periproct on the oral side, in the ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: variable, spine colour purple/green spines with purple tips and grey-green base or jungle green ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep red unlike Aldabra specimens which are green (Humphreys, 1981). Also recorded from 'Coin ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: deep rounded vertical burrows in dead coral rocks (Sastry, 1997). Also distributed in SE Arabia, W India, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Tuamotus and Guam (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippines, China, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area and Ceylon (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954); Ceylon bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, Ceylon and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Tuamotus, Saipan, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly mid brown (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Canton ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, west Indian and Pakistan (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Littoral and down to 12 fathoms in Clark (1911). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf ( (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Amboina (Selenka, 1867); East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: grey-brown to green-brown sometimes with globular appearance (Clark & Rowe, 1971). The colour is ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: mid brown above with gnarled appearance (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in Celebes and Amboina ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China ... [details]

 Description

Also recorded from the Philippines, Iranian Gulf and Ceylon (Heding, 1940); Persian Gulf, Ceylon, north Australia ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: background off-white with pale purplish brown blotches, dark pigment surrounding mouth and anus ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia and Persian Gulf (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: burgundy with irregular pink markings on arms, madreporite and patch at tip of each arm purple, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly fawn (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly blue, grey, pink, purple or fawn. This contrasts with Pacific specimens from Palao ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Japan and north of Australia (Lambert, 1923); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabian, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Disc colour purplish-brown, with some variegation, but never any trace of a longitudinal light stripe (Balinsky, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. ... [details]

 Description

Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Arms moderately long, about nine times the disc diameter. ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: disc colour bluish with dark blue spots, spotted radial shields, ventrally lighter blue with dark ... [details]

 Description

Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Distribution: known only from Mauritius (Clark, 1968); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Cylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, ... [details]

 Description

General distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean (Tortonese, 1980). Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: slate grey with purplish borders to supero-marginals, medreporite with circle of ten purplish ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: granules between plates mid brown, rest black, abactinal surface light grey-brown. Eaten by shrimp ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)). Ecology: benthic, inshore. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Coloration: aboral disc colour green to brownish, with some variegation, with a dark spot near the distal end of ... [details]

 Description

Colour: olive-greenish on a white background (Balinsky, 1957). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: ... [details]

 Description

Colour (in alcohol): disc greyish-brown, the arms distinctly banded with rusty brown; the arm spines somewhat ... [details]

 Description

Colour greenish, without conspicuous markings (Balinsky, 1957). Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Hexamerous species. Colour in life: green background, disc with more or less regular dark and light green markings, ... [details]


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