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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861)

213193 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213193)
accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) Lyman, T. (1861). Descriptions of new Ophiuridae. Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist. 8, 75-86. [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life very variable but not spotted...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Disc scales with thorny stumps. Radial shields with shorter stumps. Aboral arm plates with rounded granules, distal edge convex, laterodistal corners bent back. Oral arm plates longer than broad. Twelve thorny arm spines, upper ones longest, lowest comb-like.
Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
General distribution: East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991); tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-128 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Stöhr, S. (2007). Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861). In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2017). World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213193 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-29 13:20:33Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z
checked


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) Lyman, T. (1861). Descriptions of new Ophiuridae. Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist. 8, 75-86. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893) Loriol, P. de. (1893). Catalogue raisonné des Echinodermes recueillis par M.V. de Robillard à l'Ile Maurice. III. Ophiurides et Astrophytides. Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. nat. Gèneve. 32(3), 1-63, pls 23-25. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix mossambica J.B Balinsky, 1957) Balinsky, J.B. (1957). The Ophiuroidea of Inhaca Island. Ann. Natal Mus. 14: 1-33. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix coronata Koehler, 1905) Koehler, R. (1905). Ophiures de l'expédition du Siboga. Part 2. Ophiures littorales. Siboga Expeditie. 45b, 1-140. [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Clark, A. M. (1968). Notes on some tropical indo-pacific ophiotrichids and ophiodermatids (Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology. 16(7): 277-322, 1pl. [details]   

additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893) Clark, A. M. (1968). Notes on some tropical indo-pacific ophiotrichids and ophiodermatids (Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology. 16(7): 277-322, 1pl. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix mauritiensis de Loriol, 1893) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) Clark, A. M. (1968). Notes on some tropical indo-pacific ophiotrichids and ophiodermatids (Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology. 16(7): 277-322, 1pl. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix demessa Lyman, 1861) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix mossambica J.B Balinsky, 1957) Clark, A. M. (1968). Notes on some tropical indo-pacific ophiotrichids and ophiodermatids (Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology. 16(7): 277-322, 1pl. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix mossambica J.B Balinsky, 1957) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrophiothrix coronata (Koehler, 1905)) Stöhr Sabine (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861)) Stöhr Sabine (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix coronata Koehler, 1905) Stöhr Sabine (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] MCZ OPH-2278 [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] MCZ OPH-2279 [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] MCZ OPH-2280 [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] MCZ OPH-2281 [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] MCZ OPH-2578 [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] MCZ OPH-4095 [view taxon]
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Disc scales with thorny stumps. Radial shields with shorter stumps. Aboral arm plates with rounded granules, distal edge convex, laterodistal corners bent back. Oral arm plates longer than broad. Twelve thorny arm spines, upper ones longest, lowest comb-like.
Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
General distribution: East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991); tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-128 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype Holotype in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 2278; paratypes in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University No. 2279-2281, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University No. 4095 (5 specimens). Type locality: Hawaiian Ils (as Sandwich Ils) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

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