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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
AphiaID: 125064

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathophiurina (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiuridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis Ljungman, 1866
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphioplus squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis appressa Ljungman, 1872
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis australiana H.L. Clark, 1909
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis elegans (Farquhar, 1897)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis japonica Matsumoto, 1915
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis kinbergi Ljungman, 1872
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis lineata Ljungman, 1872 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis minor (Döderlein, 1910)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis patagonica Ljungman, 1872 (synonymized by Mortensen (1936))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata tenuispina (Ljungman, 1865) (revised by Mortensen)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis tenera (Lütken, 1856) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis tenuispina (Ljungman, 1865) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis tissieri Reys, 1961 (synonym acc. to Cherbonnier (1965))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura elegans (Leach, 1815) (synonym of suppressed name Ophiura elegans)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura neglecta Forbes, 1843
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura parva Hutton, 1878
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura squamata Delle Chiaje, 1828
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura tenera Lütken, 1856
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura tenuispina Ljungman, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteria squamata Delle Chiaje, 1828 (misspelling?)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias noctiluca Viviani, 1805 (according to Millott in Boolootian (1966))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias squamata Delle Chiaje, 1828 (transferred to Amphipholis)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxiognathus squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1829) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiactis minor Döderlein, 1910 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiolepis tenuis Ayres, 1854 (synonymized by H.L. Clark (1915))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura elegans Leach, 1815 (suppressed by ICZN)
Sources  original description Delle Chiaje S. 1823-1831. Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del regno di Napoli. Napoli: Fratelli Fernandes (vol. 1), and Società Tipografica (vol. 2-4). Vol. 1, pp. i-xii, 1-84 [1823], pp. 1-184 [1824]; vol. 2, pp. [1-4] + 185-224 [1825], pp. 225-444 [1826]; vol. 3, pp. i-xx, pp. 1-232 [1828]; vol. 4, pp. i-vii [1831], 1-116 [1830], pp. 117-214 [1831]; pl. 1-4; pl. 1-69 [date?], pl. 70-109 [1830][dates according to Sherborn, 1922], available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.10021 [details]

status source Hendler, G.; Peck, R.W. 1988. Ophiuroids off the deep end: Fauna of the Belizean fore-reef slope. In: Burke, R.D.; Mladenov, P.V.; Lambert, P.; Parsley, R.L. Echinoderm Biology, Proceedings of the sixth International Echinoderm Conference, 411-419. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlevendbarende slangster  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordwarf brittle starUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrooding snake star  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchuppiger Schlangenstern  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvergslangestjerne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvergslangestjerne  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordvärgormstjärna  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata tenuispina (Ljungman, 1865) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Belize
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelize [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanada [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSaguenay Fjord [details]
Caribbean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCaribbean Sea [details]
Cuba
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCuba [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCalais [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndian Ocean [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Italy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNaples [from specimen] [view specimen]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Mediterranean part] [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMexico [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
New Zealand
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBanc d'Arguin [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHelgoland [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Coast of Norway  [details]
Panama
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPanama [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
United States
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUSA [details]
Venezuela
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorVenezuela [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGuatemala [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHonduras [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPacific Ocean [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPuerto Rico [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]

Specimen 

[show all]
Feedingtype  detritus feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParachordeumium amphiurae (Hérouard, 1906) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancerilla tubulata Dalyell, 1851 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiurophilus amphiurae (Hérouard, 1906) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCancerilla neozelanica Stephensen, 1927 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilichthys amphiurae Hérouard, 1906 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiurophilus bocqueti Goudey-Perrière, 1979 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiurophilus hendleri Goudey-Perrière, 1979 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiurophilus humesi Goudey-Perrière, 1979 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParachordeumium amphiurae (Hérouard, 1906) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Antarctic Invertebrates 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (23 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (84 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (152 nucleotides; 33 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Attribute Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea) [details]
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology This species is luminescent with a greenish light. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreeding Hermaphrodite, possibly self-fertilising, viviparous. May-September? [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description: Arm length to 15 mm, disc diamter to 2.5 mm. Disc with obvious scales and with a pair of D-shaped radial shields, half the disc radius in length, twice as long as wide, contiguous. Three oral papillae on each side of the jaw. Aboral arm plates wider than long, distal margin convex. Three arm spines, as long as the segment. Two tentacle scales. Disc colour mottled bluish-grey and pink, the distal part of the radial shields standing out as a bright spot surrounded by darker colour. Arms marked with darker spots. Habitat: lower eulittoral on the underside of stones and among seaweed, and deeper on sand, mud and among seagrasses.
Also recorded in SE Arabia, W India, Pakistan, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadeep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); circumglobal (northeastern North America, northern Europe, South Africa, new Zealand, Indo-Pacific Ocean), depth range 0-500 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); temperate and tropical waters worldwide (Richmond, 1998).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, continental slope (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Intertidal to more than 200 m depth. Common along algae in tidepools and damp places , and under stones in gravel, from aboout mid-tide level down, all round the British Isles; occasional offshore among gravel and shells.
Cosmopolitan in temperate and in warm seas, but A. squamata is probably a species complex, the individual species distinguishable by molecular methods only (Le Gac et al., 2004) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Cosmopolitan in temperate and warm temperate seas [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic to Florida; Alaska to S. California [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Found from the intertidal zone to 828 m depth, often with tunicates, prefers rock, algae covered and gravel substrate. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Broods young in bursal slits near arm attachment sites. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125064
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Hansson, Hans
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z  checked  Stöhr, Sabine
2010-05-18 08:14:54Z  changed  Stöhr, Sabine
  
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  Citation: Stöhr, S. (2014). Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828). In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database at http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125064 on 2014-07-23
  
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