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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
AphiaID: 212378

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathophiurina (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocomidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocominae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma scolopendrina (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma L. Agassiz, 1835
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma alternans von Martens, 1870 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma lubrica Koehler, 1898 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma molaris Lyman, 1862
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma variabilis Grube, 1857 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura scolopendrina Lamarck, 1816
Sources  basis of record Clark, A.M. and F.W.E. Rowe. (1971). Monograph of Shallow-water Indo-West Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History): London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Mauritius [details]
From editor or global species database
Coral Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLifou [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorLibyan part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
Comores
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorComores [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMascarene Basin [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [details]

Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (42 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (87 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Attribute Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea) [details]
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Type data: status undetermined Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: 'Isle de France [Mauritius](Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. O. erinaceus Müller & Troschel and O. alternans von Martens were also treated as a synonym of O. scolopendrina in Ludwig (1899), but that has long been disproven.
Neotype designated in 2012 from type locality (Olbers & Samyn 2012) [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Libyan part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: very varied, dorsal disc uniformly black to pale brown to black variegated pattern, dorsal arm plates brown or paler brown regions several segments wide (Humphreys, 1981), ventral disc is light coloured or variegated, never uniformly dark.
Description: arm length to 13 cm, disc diameter to 20 mm. Disc surface with fine rounded granules, extending into a V-shaped interradial area orally. Aboral arm plates broader than long, narrower on one side. Arm spines alternating three and four, stout, uppe ones shorter and club-shaped. Arms irregularly banded, conspicuously extended by otherwise hidden animals to collect food particles from the water surface on flooding tides. Habitat: upper and middle eulittoral, in crevices and under boulders.
Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Tuamotus, Fiji, Guam, Saipan, Solomon Islands, New Guinea (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Japan (Tortonese, 1949); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: from the Red Sea to SE Polynesia (Tortonese, 1980); WIO, Red Sea to W Pacific (Richmond, 1998); littoral waters, tropical, Indo-Pacific Ocean (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands in Sastry (1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212378
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-20 08:24:09Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z  checked  Stöhr, Sabine
2007-12-05 08:40:02Z  changed  Stöhr, Sabine
  
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  Citation: Stöhr, S. (2014). Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816). In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database at http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212378 on 2014-12-26
  
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